Australian Burke and Wills Expedition MCQs with Answer

Who were the leaders of the ill-fated Burke and Wills Expedition?

A) Robert O’Hara Burke and William John Wills
B) John King and Charles Gray
C) Ludwig Leichhardt and Thomas Mitchell
D) John McDouall Stuart and Edward John Eyre
Answer: A) Robert O’Hara Burke and William John Wills
Which year did the Burke and Wills Expedition take place?

A) 1863
B) 1858
C) 1860-1861
D) 1872
Answer: C) 1860-1861
What was the primary objective of the Burke and Wills Expedition?

A) To map the coastline of Australia
B) To find a new trade route to Asia
C) To cross Australia from south to north
D) To study Aboriginal culture
Answer: C) To cross Australia from south to north
Which city did Burke and Wills depart from at the beginning of their expedition?

A) Melbourne
B) Sydney
C) Adelaide
D) Brisbane
Answer: A) Melbourne
What was the final destination that Burke and Wills aimed to reach?

A) Gulf of Carpentaria
B) Perth
C) Cape York Peninsula
D) Tasmania
Answer: A) Gulf of Carpentaria
Who was the only survivor among the four men in the Burke and Wills Expedition party that reached the Gulf of Carpentaria?

A) Robert O’Hara Burke
B) William John Wills
C) John King
D) Charles Gray
Answer: C) John King
What led to the deaths of Burke and Wills on their return journey?

A) Starvation and exposure
B) Attacks by Indigenous tribes
C) Illness and disease
D) Drowning in a river
Answer: A) Starvation and exposure
Who organized the search and rescue expeditions after Burke and Wills went missing?

A) The Royal Geographical Society of London
B) The Australian Aboriginal Society
C) The Australian Government
D) The British East India Company
Answer: A) The Royal Geographical Society of London
What was the total number of men in the Burke and Wills Expedition when it started?

A) 6
B) 10
C) 18
D) 25
Answer: C) 18
Which explorer eventually led the first successful south-north crossing of Australia?

A) Ludwig Leichhardt
B) Robert O’Hara Burke
C) John McDouall Stuart
D) Charles Sturt
Answer: C) John McDouall Stuart
What nationality was Robert O’Hara Burke?

A) British
B) Irish
C) Australian
D) American
Answer: B) Irish
What was the occupation of William John Wills before joining the expedition?

A) Botanist
B) Surveyor
C) Doctor
D) Journalist
Answer: B) Surveyor
Which camels were used in the Burke and Wills Expedition for transportation?

A) Bactrian camels
B) Arabian camels
C) Dromedary camels
D) Llama camels
Answer: A) Bactrian camels
Which indigenous guide joined the Burke and Wills Expedition but left them before reaching the Gulf of Carpentaria?

A) Jackey Jackey
B) King Charley
C) Yuranigh
D) Wonomo
Answer: C) Yuranigh
What was the main cause of the delays faced by Burke and Wills during their journey?

A) Harsh weather conditions
B) Lack of supplies
C) Disagreements among the team members
D) Frequent navigational errors
Answer: B) Lack of supplies
Which river did Burke and Wills reach before their return journey turned fatal?

A) Murray River
B) Darling River
C) Cooper Creek
D) Murrumbidgee River
Answer: C) Cooper Creek
How long did the Burke and Wills Expedition last?

A) 5 months
B) 1 year
C) 2 years
D) 3 weeks
Answer: B) 1 year
Who was responsible for the relief expedition that found John King alive near Cooper Creek?

A) Alfred Howitt
B) John Stuart Mill
C) George Grey
D) Charles Darwin
Answer: A) Alfred Howitt
What was the fate of the camel driver, Brahe, who had left supplies at Cooper Creek for Burke and Wills?

A) He died of illness.
B) He was killed by Indigenous people.
C) He survived and returned safely.
D) He drowned while crossing a river.
Answer: C) He survived and returned safely.
Which prominent Australian scientist and explorer accompanied Alfred Howitt in the rescue expedition to Cooper Creek?

A) David Unaipon
B) Thomas Mitchell
C) Frederick McCoy
D) John McDouall Stuart
Answer: C) Frederick McCoy
What was the fate of the expedition’s journal kept by William John Wills?

A) It was lost in a fire.
B) It was destroyed by flooding.
C) It was recovered and is preserved.
D) It was confiscated by Indigenous people.
Answer: C) It was recovered and is preserved.
Which renowned Australian painter depicted the tragic story of the Burke and Wills Expedition in his artworks?

A) Tom Roberts
B) Sidney Nolan
C) Arthur Streeton
D) Fred Williams
Answer: B) Sidney Nolan
What was the distance Burke and Wills traveled before reaching the Gulf of Carpentaria?

A) Approximately 2,000 kilometers
B) Approximately 3,250 kilometers
C) Approximately 4,500 kilometers
D) Approximately 5,800 kilometers
Answer: B) Approximately 3,250 kilometers
What contribution did the Burke and Wills Expedition make to geographical knowledge?

A) They successfully mapped the entire Australian coastline.
B) They discovered a new species of flora and fauna.
C) They revealed extensive inland areas of Australia.
D) They found evidence of ancient Aboriginal civilizations.
Answer: C) They revealed extensive inland areas of Australia.
Which animal did Burke and Wills resort to eating during their journey due to starvation?

A) Kangaroos
B) Snakes
C) Camels
D) Emus
Answer: A) Kangaroos
Who was the Victorian Government botanist who joined the Burke and Wills Expedition but was dismissed early in the journey?

A) Ferdinand von Mueller
B) Ludwig Leichhardt
C) John Gould
D) George Augustus Robinson
Answer: A) Ferdinand von Mueller
What was the primary reason for the failure of the Burke and Wills Expedition?

A) Inadequate planning and preparation
B) Hostile encounters with Indigenous people
C) Unfavorable weather conditions
D) Navigation errors
Answer: A) Inadequate planning and preparation
Which Australian state was the intended starting point of the Burke and Wills Expedition?

A) Victoria
B) New South Wales
C) Queensland
D) South Australia
Answer: A) Victoria
Who funded the Burke and Wills Expedition?

A) The Australian Government
B) Private investors and donations
C) The British Royal Family
D) The Royal Geographical Society of London
Answer: B) Private investors and donations
How did William John Wills die?

A) He was attacked by wild animals.
B) He was shot by a member of the expedition.
C) He succumbed to illness and starvation.
D) He drowned while crossing a river.
Answer: C) He succumbed to illness and starvation.
Which European settlement was the closest to where Burke and Wills died?

A) Alice Springs
B) Adelaide
C) Melbourne
D) Sydney
Answer: A) Alice Springs
Who discovered the remains of Burke and Wills?

A) Alfred Howitt
B) John King
C) Charles Sturt
D) Ludwig Leichhardt
Answer: A) Alfred Howitt
How did John King survive after the deaths of Burke and Wills?

A) He was rescued by passing travelers.
B) He was adopted by an Indigenous tribe.
C) He found his way back to a European settlement.
D) He found food and shelter in a nearby cave.
Answer: B) He was adopted by an Indigenous tribe.
What was the total distance covered by the Burke and Wills Expedition from Melbourne to the Gulf of Carpentaria and back?

A) Over 3,000 kilometers
B) Over 5,000 kilometers
C) Over 7,000 kilometers
D) Over 10,000 kilometers
Answer: C) Over 7,000 kilometers
Who was appointed as the second-in-command of the Burke and Wills Expedition after Landells resigned?

A) William Brahe
B) John King
C) George Landells
D) William Wright
Answer: D) William Wright
What was the fate of Charles Gray, the expedition’s doctor, after Burke and Wills died?

A) He was killed by Indigenous people.
B) He succumbed to illness and starvation.
C) He was rescued by passing travelers.
D) He found his way back to a European settlement.
Answer: D) He found his way back to a European settlement.
Which animal caused the most significant transport issues for the expedition due to its inability to carry heavy loads?

A) Horses
B) Camels
C) Donkeys
D) Mules
Answer: A) Horses
What did Burke and Wills name the depot they established at Cooper Creek?

A) Base Camp Alpha
B) Depot Camp
C) Camp Endurance
D) Forward Camp
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