Australian Civic Education MCQs with Answer

What is the name of the Australian national anthem?

A) “Waltzing Matilda”
B) “Advance Australia Fair
C) “God Save the Queen”
D) “Australiana”
Answer: B) “Advance Australia Fair
Who is the head of state in Australia?

A) Prime Minister
B) President
C) Monarch of the United Kingdom
D) Governor-General
Answer: C) Monarch of the United Kingdom
What is the capital city of Australia?

A) Sydney
B) Canberra
C) Melbourne
D) Brisbane
Answer: B) Canberra
What is the official language of Australia?

A) English
B) Aboriginal languages
C) Australian Sign Language (Auslan)
D) Mandarin
Answer: A) English
Which document is considered the founding document of Australia?

A) The Australian Constitution
B) The Magna Carta
C) The Royal Proclamation of 1763
D) The Commonwealth of Australia Act
Answer: A) The Australian Constitution
What is the upper house of the Australian Parliament called?

A) House of Representatives
B) Senate
C) Council of Elders
D) House of Lords
Answer: B) Senate
Which of these is a responsibility of the Australian Federal Government?

A) Health and Education
B) Roads and Transport
C) Law and Justice
D) Waste Management
Answer: A) Health and Education
What is the role of the High Court of Australia?

A) To interpret the Constitution
B) To enact new laws
C) To advise the Prime Minister
D) To review international treaties
Answer: A) To interpret the Constitution
How often are federal elections held in Australia for the House of Representatives?

A) Every 2 years
B) Every 3 years
C) Every 4 years
D) Every 5 years
Answer: B) Every 3 years
What is the official currency of Australia?

A) Euro
B) Dollar
C) Pound
D) Yen
Answer: B) Dollar
Which territory in Australia is governed by its own Legislative Assembly?

A) Northern Territory
B) Australian Capital Territory
C) Tasmania
D) Victoria
Answer: B) Australian Capital Territory
Who has the power to declare war in Australia?

A) Prime Minister
B) Governor-General
C) President
D) Defence Minister
Answer: B) Governor-General
Which Aboriginal group is recognized as the traditional owners of the land on which Canberra is situated?

A) Wiradjuri
B) Ngunnawal
C) Noongar
D) Yolngu
Answer: B) Ngunnawal
What is the name of the highest court in the Australian Capital Territory?

A) Federal Court of Australia
B) Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory
C) High Court of Australia
D) Magistrates Court
Answer: B) Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory
Which Australian state or territory was the first to grant women the right to vote?

A) New South Wales
B) Victoria
C) South Australia
D) Queensland
Answer: C) South Australia
What is the term used to describe the system of government where power is divided between a national government and individual states?

A) Autocracy
B) Federalism
C) Oligarchy
D) Unitarism
Answer: B) Federalism
Which Australian political party is often associated with center-left policies?

A) Liberal Party
B) National Party
C) Australian Labor Party
D) Greens
Answer: C) Australian Labor Party
What is the term for the voluntary voting system used in federal elections in Australia?

A) Compulsory Voting
B) Preferential Voting
C) Optional Voting
D) Mandatory Voting
Answer: D) Mandatory Voting
Which of these statements is true about the Australian flag?

A) It has seven stars representing the states and territories.
B) It features the Union Jack and the Southern Cross.
C) It has a kangaroo and an emu as supporters.
D) It was adopted in the 19th century.
Answer: B) It features the Union Jack and the Southern Cross.
Which year did the Commonwealth of Australia officially come into existence?

A) 1888
B) 1901
C) 1920
D) 1945
Answer: B) 1901
What is the responsibility of the Reserve Bank of Australia?

A) Foreign Affairs
B) Monetary Policy
C) National Security
D) Environmental Protection
Answer: B) Monetary Policy
Which Australian political figure was known for introducing the policy of multiculturalism?

A) Gough Whitlam
B) John Howard
C) Malcolm Fraser
D) Bob Hawke
Answer: C) Malcolm Fraser
What is the name of the Australian indigenous art form involving dots and symbols?

A) Boomerang Art
B) Dreamtime Art
C) Dot Painting
D) Aboriginal Graffiti
Answer: C) Dot Painting
Which Australian state is known for its mining industry, particularly in iron ore?

A) Queensland
B) Western Australia
C) New South Wales
D) South Australia
Answer: B) Western Australia
What is the role of the Australian Electoral Commission?

A) To conduct federal elections and referendums
B) To draft legislation for the Parliament
C) To advise the Prime Minister on foreign policy
D) To oversee the implementation of international treaties
Answer: A) To conduct federal elections and referendums
Which Australian state is home to the Great Barrier Reef?

A) Victoria
B) Tasmania
C) Queensland
D) South Australia
Answer: C) Queensland
What is the minimum voting age in federal elections in Australia?

A) 16 years old
B) 17 years old
C) 18 years old
D) 21 years old
Answer: C) 18 years old
Which document outlines the structure and powers of the Australian Parliament?

A) The Australian Constitution
B) The Magna Carta
C) The Bill of Rights
D) The Royal Proclamation
Answer: A) The Australian Constitution
What is the term used for the type of government where power is held by elected representatives?

A) Republic
B) Monarchy
C) Democracy
D) Theocracy
Answer: C) Democracy
Which of these is not one of the three levels of government in Australia?

A) Federal
B) State/Territory
C) Regional
D) Local
Answer: C) Regional
Who has the power to grant a pardon or reduce a sentence for federal offenses in Australia?

A) Prime Minister
B) Attorney-General
C) Governor-General
D) Chief Justice
Answer: C) Governor-General
Which Australian political party is known for its focus on environmental issues?

A) Liberal Party
B) National Party
C) Australian Greens
D) One Nation
Answer: C) Australian Greens
What is the term for the principle that everyone is equal before the law in Australia?

A) Rule of Law
B) Habeas Corpus
C) Due Process
D) Stare Decisis
Answer: A) Rule of Law
Which of these is a responsibility of the state/territory governments in Australia?

A) Defence
B) Immigration
C) Education
D) Currency regulation
Answer: C) Education
What is the term used for the indigenous Australian oral storytelling tradition?

A) Dreamtime
B) Folklore
C) Mythology
D) Legends
Answer: A) Dreamtime
Which of these is not a branch of the Australian government?

A) Legislative
B) Executive
C) Judicial
D) Regulatory
Answer: D) Regulatory
What is the name of the Australian territory located between the states of Victoria and New South Wales?

A) Northern Territory
B) Australian Capital Territory
C) Jervis Bay Territory
D) Norfolk Island
Answer: C) Jervis Bay Territory
Who is responsible for making laws in Australia?

A) The Prime Minister
B) The Governor-General
C) The Parliament
D) The High Court
Answer: C) The Parliament
Which Australian state is known for its wine production regions like the Barossa Valley?

A) Western Australia
B) South Australia
C) Victoria
D) New South Wales
Answer: B) South Australia
What is the term used for the right to express ideas and opinions freely in Australia?

A) Freedom of Speech
B) Censorship
C) Libel
D) Sedition
Answer: A) Freedom of Speech

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