Australian Climate Change Policies MCQs with Answer

Which Australian government agency is responsible for administering the Emissions Reduction Fund?

a) Department of Environment
b) Clean Energy Regulator
c) Bureau of Meteorology
d) Department of Climate Change and Energy Answer: b) Clean Energy Regulator
The Renewable Energy Target (RET) aimed to ensure what percentage of Australia’s electricity would come from renewable sources by 2020?

a) 15%
b) 20%
c) 25%
d) 30% Answer: b) 20%
Which international agreement did Australia ratify in 2016 to address climate change?

a) Kyoto Protocol
b) Copenhagen Accord
c) Paris Agreement
d) Montreal Protocol Answer: c) Paris Agreement
The National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Scheme (NGERS) in Australia is aimed at:

a) Regulating greenhouse gas emissions from vehicles
b) Managing energy-efficient building standards
c) Monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions
d) Implementing carbon pricing mechanisms Answer: c) Monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions
Australia’s Climate Active program primarily focuses on:

a) Encouraging energy exports
b) Certifying carbon-neutral products and services
c) Reducing plastic waste in oceans
d) Subsidizing electric vehicles Answer: b) Certifying carbon-neutral products and services
Which Australian state or territory was the first to legislate a renewable energy target of 100% by 2030?

a) Victoria
b) New South Wales
c) South Australia
d) Australian Capital Territory Answer: d) Australian Capital Territory
The Carbon Farming Initiative aims to:

a) Reduce methane emissions from livestock
b) Promote reforestation and revegetation projects
c) Limit industrial emissions through technological advancements
d) Increase carbon emissions for agricultural productivity Answer: b) Promote reforestation and revegetation projects
The main objective of the Safeguard Mechanism under the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act is to:

a) Set emission reduction targets for industries
b) Regulate air quality in urban areas
c) Ensure compliance with emission standards by large emitters
d) Implement carbon capture and storage technologies Answer: c) Ensure compliance with emission standards by large emitters
Australia’s Renewable Energy Target (RET) scheme primarily focused on supporting the growth of:

a) Hydrogen fuel cells
b) Wind and solar power generation
c) Geothermal energy projects
d) Biomass energy production Answer: b) Wind and solar power generation
Which of the following greenhouse gases is covered by Australia’s National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Scheme (NGERS)?

a) Carbon dioxide (CO2)
b) Methane (CH4)
c) Nitrous oxide (N2O)
d) All of the above Answer: d) All of the above
The Australian government’s Climate Solutions Fund focuses on:

a) Supporting innovative climate change research
b) Subsidizing electric vehicle purchases
c) Providing financial incentives for emission reduction projects
d) Implementing carbon tariffs on imported goods Answer: c) Providing financial incentives for emission reduction projects
The Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) scheme in Australia aims to:

a) Promote energy efficiency in households
b) Encourage the use of energy-efficient appliances
c) Support renewable energy generation by providing financial incentives
d) Penalize excessive energy consumption Answer: c) Support renewable energy generation by providing financial incentives
The Carbon Pricing Mechanism introduced in Australia in 2012 involved which type of pricing mechanism?

a) Cap and trade
b) Carbon tax
c) Emissions intensity scheme
d) Carbon offsetting program Answer: b) Carbon tax
Which Australian government department is responsible for leading climate change policy and programs?

a) Department of Energy
b) Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency
c) Department of Agriculture and Water Resources
d) Department of Industry, Science, Energy, and Resources Answer: d) Department of Industry, Science, Energy, and Resources
Australia’s Climate Change Authority provides independent advice on:

a) Climate adaptation strategies
b) Carbon pricing mechanisms
c) Renewable energy investments
d) Emission reduction targets Answer: d) Emission reduction targets
The Australian government’s Emissions Reduction Fund primarily focuses on:

a) Promoting sustainable transportation
b) Providing financial incentives for emission reduction projects
c) Research and development for carbon capture technologies
d) Subsidizing coal mining operations Answer: b) Providing financial incentives for emission reduction projects
The Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA) primarily aims to:

a) Support the growth of the coal industry
b) Develop new nuclear energy technologies
c) Invest in and promote renewable energy projects
d) Fund research on fossil fuel extraction techniques Answer: c) Invest in and promote renewable energy projects
The Australian government’s National Carbon Offset Standard (NCOS) primarily focuses on:

a) Regulating emissions from heavy industries
b) Certifying carbon-neutral organizations and products
c) Implementing carbon capture and storage technologies
d) Enforcing emission reduction targets for vehicles Answer: b) Certifying carbon-neutral organizations and products
Which Australian state or territory has its own emissions trading scheme separate from the federal government’s policies?

a) Queensland
b) Western Australia
c) South Australia
d) Australian Capital Territory Answer: d) Australian Capital Territory
The purpose of the National Carbon Market (NCM) in Australia is to:

a) Regulate emissions from agriculture
b) Facilitate trading of carbon credits and emissions allowances
c) Provide tax incentives for renewable energy projects
d) Establish emission reduction targets for industries Answer: b) Facilitate trading of carbon credits and emissions allowances
The Australian government’s Clean Energy Finance Corporation (CEFC) primarily focuses on:

a) Providing subsidies for coal-fired power plants
b) Financing renewable energy, energy efficiency, and low-emission technologies
c) Funding offshore oil exploration projects
d) Researching carbon sequestration methods Answer: b) Financing renewable energy, energy efficiency, and low-emission technologies
The Australian government’s Snowy Hydro 2.0 project primarily aims to:

a) Increase coal exports
b) Generate renewable energy through hydroelectric power
c) Build desalination plants for water conservation
d) Establish carbon capture and storage facilities Answer: b) Generate renewable energy through hydroelectric power
Australia’s National Strategy for Disaster Resilience includes measures to address climate change-induced:

a) Coastal erosion
b) Agricultural productivity
c) Urban infrastructure development
d) Forest management Answer: a) Coastal erosion
The Australian government’s Direct Action Plan involves:

a) Implementing a carbon tax on emissions
b) Encouraging voluntary emission reduction projects through financial incentives
c) Mandating emission reduction targets for industries
d) Subsidizing fossil fuel exports Answer: b) Encouraging voluntary emission reduction projects through financial incentives
Which Australian city or region aims to become the first carbon-neutral city by 2025?

a) Melbourne
b) Sydney
c) Adelaide
d) Canberra Answer: a) Melbourne
The Climate Change Adaptation Program in Australia focuses on:

a) Reducing deforestation rates
b) Adapting infrastructure and communities to climate change impacts
c) Implementing water conservation measures
d) Promoting renewable energy use Answer: b) Adapting infrastructure and communities to climate change impacts
Australia’s National Carbon Offset Standard for Organizations (NCOS: Orgs) targets:

a) Carbon pricing mechanisms
b) Certifying carbon-neutral events and activities
c) Regulating emissions from transportation
d) Encouraging carbon-intensive industries Answer: b) Certifying carbon-neutral events and activities
The purpose of Australia’s Bioregional Assessments Program is to:

a) Monitor air quality in urban areas
b) Assess the environmental impact of renewable energy projects
c) Manage water resources in agricultural regions
d) Evaluate potential impacts of coal seam gas and large coal mining developments on water resources Answer: d) Evaluate potential impacts of coal seam gas and large coal mining developments on water resources
The Australian government’s Clean Energy Regulator primarily focuses on:

a) Regulating air pollution from industries
b) Monitoring and administering government programs related to clean energy
c) Setting emission reduction targets for cities
d) Promoting fossil fuel exploration Answer: b) Monitoring and administering government programs related to clean energy
The purpose of the Renewable Energy Buyback Scheme (REBS) in Australia is to:

a) Encourage households to use more energy-efficient appliances
b) Facilitate the export of excess renewable energy to the grid
c) Provide subsidies for oil and gas companies
d) Establish emission trading schemes Answer: b) Facilitate the export of excess renewable energy to the grid
Which Australian state or territory introduced a ban on single-use plastics to combat environmental pollution?

a) Tasmania
b) Queensland
c) Victoria
d) South Australia Answer: d) South Australia
The purpose of the Australian Renewable Energy Target (RET) was to encourage:

a) Export of fossil fuels
b) Development of carbon capture technologies
c) Growth of renewable energy generation
d) Subsidies for nuclear power plants Answer: c) Growth of renewable energy generation
The National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility (NCCARF) in Australia primarily focuses on:

a) Researching climate change impacts on biodiversity and ecosystems
b) Developing climate change denial strategies
c) Promoting deforestation for economic growth
d) Funding large-scale fossil fuel projects Answer: a) Researching climate change impacts on biodiversity and ecosystems
Australia’s Low Carbon Communities Program aimed to:

a) Implement renewable energy projects in remote areas
b) Promote fossil fuel consumption in urban areas
c) Subsidize high-emission industries
d) Fund offshore drilling projects Answer: a) Implement renewable energy projects in remote areas
The purpose of the Climate Change Innovation Program in Australia is to:

a) Develop technologies for increased coal extraction
b) Support research and innovation for climate change mitigation and adaptation
c) Increase emissions from transportation
d) Fund large-scale logging projects Answer: b) Support research and innovation for climate change mitigation and adaptation
The Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA) primarily focuses on funding:

a) Oil and gas exploration projects
b) Renewable energy projects and technologies
c) Coal-fired power plants
d) Nuclear energy research Answer: b

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