Australian Constitution MCQs with Answer

Which section of the Australian Constitution deals with the establishment of the federal Parliament?
A) Section 51
B) Section 1
C) Section 7
D) Section 71
Answer: B) Section 1

The Australian Constitution was passed by a referendum on:
A) 1st January 1901
B) 9th May 1901
C) 1st January 1900
D) 1st January 1899
Answer: B) 9th May 1901

The Constitution of Australia is divided into how many chapters?
A) 6
B) 8
C) 9
D) 12
Answer: C) 9

The Governor-General of Australia is appointed by:
A) The Prime Minister
B) The Parliament
C) The Queen
D) The High Court
Answer: C) The Queen

The High Court of Australia consists of:
A) 5 judges
B) 7 judges
C) 9 judges
D) 11 judges
Answer: C) 9 judges

Section 44 of the Australian Constitution deals with:
A) Freedom of religion
B) Parliamentary qualifications
C) Freedom of speech
D) Indigenous rights
Answer: B) Parliamentary qualifications

The power to levy customs and excise duties is given to:
A) The State governments
B) The Federal Parliament
C) The High Court
D) The Prime Minister
Answer: B) The Federal Parliament

Which part of the Constitution outlines the process for amending the Constitution?
A) Chapter I
B) Chapter II
C) Chapter III
D) Chapter VIII
Answer: D) Chapter VIII

The principle of ‘responsible government‘ means that:
A) The government is accountable to the Parliament
B) The judiciary oversees the government’s actions
C) The government is elected by the Queen
D) The government is not accountable to anyone
Answer: A) The government is accountable to the Parliament

Section 128 of the Australian Constitution deals with:
A) The establishment of the High Court
B) The method of amending the Constitution
C) The division of powers between states and the federal government
D) The rights of Indigenous Australians
Answer: B) The method of amending the Constitution

The concept of ‘federalism’ in the Australian Constitution refers to:
A) The separation of powers between the executive, legislative, and judiciary
B) The division of powers between the federal and state governments
C) The protection of individual rights and freedoms
D) The process of amending the Constitution
Answer: B) The division of powers between the federal and state governments

The Australian Constitution can be altered by:
A) A majority vote in both houses of Parliament
B) A majority vote in one house of Parliament and a national referendum
C) The Prime Minister’s approval
D) The Governor-General’s decision
Answer: B) A majority vote in one house of Parliament and a national referendum

The section in the Constitution that prohibits discrimination based on state of residence is:
A) Section 44
B) Section 92
C) Section 116
D) Section 128
Answer: B) Section 92

The Australian Constitution establishes which three branches of government?
A) Executive, Legislative, and Judicial
B) Federal, State, and Local
C) Public, Private, and Non-Profit
D) Commonwealth, Municipal, and County
Answer: A) Executive, Legislative, and Judicial

The term of a Senator in Australia is:
A) 4 years
B) 5 years
C) 6 years
D) 8 years
Answer: C) 6 years

The Constitution gives the federal government the power to regulate:
A) Education
B) Health
C) Marriage
D) Transport and Communications
Answer: D) Transport and Communications

The Australian Constitution can be amended with the support of:
A) A majority of states and a majority of voters
B) A unanimous decision by all states
C) A majority of voters in all states
D) A majority of voters in at least four states
Answer: A) A majority of states and a majority of voters

The section that prohibits the establishment of religion in Australia is:
A) Section 44
B) Section 92
C) Section 116
D) Section 128
Answer: C) Section 116

The Australian Constitution is based on which country’s political system?
A) United States of America
B) United Kingdom
C) France
D) Canada
Answer: B) United Kingdom

The process of resolving disputes between states and the federal government is overseen by:
A) The Governor-General
B) The High Court
C) The Prime Minister
D) The Speaker of the House
Answer: B) The High Court

The Constitution establishes which type of government in Australia?
A) Monarchy
B) Republic
C) Parliamentary democracy
D) Dictatorship
Answer: C) Parliamentary democracy

The term of a member of the House of Representatives in Australia is:
A) 3 years
B) 4 years
C) 5 years
D) 6 years
Answer: A) 3 years

The federal government has the power to make laws on matters that are listed in:
A) Section 51
B) Section 44
C) Section 92
D) Section 128
Answer: A) Section 51

The section that guarantees freedom of religion in Australia is:
A) Section 44
B) Section 92
C) Section 116
D) Section 128
Answer: C) Section 116

The section that ensures the free movement of goods between states is:
A) Section 44
B) Section 92
C) Section 116
D) Section 128
Answer: B) Section 92

The power to conduct a census is granted to the:
A) Federal Parliament
B) State Parliaments
C) Governor-General
D) Australian Bureau of Statistics
Answer: A) Federal Parliament

The section that prohibits the federal government from establishing a state religion is:
A) Section 44
B) Section 92
C) Section 116
D) Section 128
Answer: C) Section 116

The Constitution can be altered by a referendum with a majority vote in:
A) At least half of the states and a majority of voters overall
B) All states and a majority of voters overall
C) A majority of states and a majority of voters overall
D) At least three states and a majority of voters overall
Answer: C) A majority of states and a majority of voters overall

The Australian Constitution was drafted in:
A) 1898
B) 1900
C) 1901
D) 1903
Answer: A) 1898

The power to levy income tax is given to:
A) The States
B) The Federal Parliament
C) The High Court
D) The Prime Minister
Answer: B) The Federal Parliament

The section that provides for trial by jury in federal cases is:
A) Section 44
B) Section 80
C) Section 116
D) Section 128
Answer: B) Section 80

The section that prohibits discrimination based on religion is:
A) Section 44
B) Section 92
C) Section 116
D) Section 128
Answer: C) Section 116

The federal government has the power to make laws regarding trade and commerce:
A) Between states and territories
B) Only within each state
C) Internationally only
D) Between Australia and other countries
Answer: A) Between states and territories

The section that deals with freedom from involuntary servitude is:
A) Section 44
B) Section 80
C) Section 116
D) Section 51
Answer: B) Section 80

The Constitution establishes the separation of powers between which branches of government?
A) Executive and Legislative
B) Legislative and Judicial
C) Executive and Judicial
D) Executive, Legislative, and Judicial
Answer: D) Executive, Legislative, and Judicial

The section that allows the federal government to acquire property is:
A) Section 44
B) Section 80
C) Section 51
D) Section 51(xxxi)
Answer: D) Section 51(xxxi)

The Constitution requires that members of Parliament and the Senate should be:
A) Australian citizens
B) Permanent residents
C) Foreign citizens
D) Residents of any country
Answer: A) Australian citizens

The power to make laws regarding marriage and divorce is given to:
A) The Federal Parliament
B) State Parliaments
C) The High Court
D) The Governor-General
Answer: A) The Federal Parliament

The section that ensures just compensation for the acquisition of property by the federal government is:
A) Section 44
B) Section 80
C) Section 51(xxxi)
D) Section 116
Answer: C) Section 51(xxxi)

The power to make laws regarding bankruptcy and insolvency is given to:
A) The Federal Parliament
B) State Parliaments
C) The High Court
D) The Governor-General
Answer: A) The Federal Parliament

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