Australian Cybersecurity MCQs with Answer

Which Australian government agency is responsible for cybersecurity strategy and coordination?
a) Australian Federal Police
b) Australian Cyber Security Centre
c) Australian Security Intelligence Organisation
d) Australian Signals Directorate
Answer:
b) Australian Cyber Security Centre

Which legislation in Australia mandates organizations to report eligible data breaches?
a) Privacy Act 1988
b) Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979
c) Cybersecurity Act 2015
d) Security of Critical Infrastructure Act 2018
Answer:
a) Privacy Act 1988

What is the primary objective of the Australian Cyber Security Strategy?
a) To enhance international cyber espionage
b) To protect Australian critical infrastructure
c) To encourage cyber warfare
d) To promote cyber vulnerabilities
Answer:
b) To protect Australian critical infrastructure

Which of the following is a cybersecurity certification program widely used in Australia?
a) CEH (Certified Ethical Hacker)
b) CISSP (Certified Information Systems Security Professional)
c) CISA (Certified Information Systems Auditor)
d) CompTIA Security+
Answer:
d) CompTIA Security+

Which Australian government department oversees the implementation of the Australian Government Information Security Manual (ISM)?
a) Department of Defence
b) Department of Home Affairs
c) Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
d) Department of Communications and the Arts
Answer:
a) Department of Defence

What is the purpose of the Australian Signals Directorate (ASD)?
a) To regulate telecommunications
b) To provide cybersecurity guidance and assistance
c) To oversee internet service providers
d) To monitor social media platforms
Answer:
b) To provide cybersecurity guidance and assistance

Which agency within the ASD is responsible for evaluating and certifying products for use in Australian government systems?
a) Australian Cyber Security Centre
b) Australian Cyber Security Growth Network
c) Cyber Security Cooperative Research Centre
d) Australasian Certification Authority
Answer:
a) Australian Cyber Security Centre

What does the ACSC stand for in the Australian cybersecurity landscape?
a) Australian Cyber Security Consortium
b) Australian Cyber Security Council
c) Australian Cyber Security Centre
d) Australian Cyber Security Corporation
Answer:
c) Australian Cyber Security Centre

What is the purpose of the Notifiable Data Breaches (NDB) scheme in Australia?
a) To keep data breaches secret
b) To encourage data breaches
c) To provide transparency about eligible data breaches
d) To prevent reporting of cybersecurity incidents
Answer:
c) To provide transparency about eligible data breaches

Which sector in Australia is identified as a critical infrastructure sector under the Security of Critical Infrastructure Act 2018?
a) Retail
b) Healthcare
c) Financial services
d) Energy
Answer:
d) Energy

What is the primary goal of the Cyber Security Strategy for Australia?
a) Strengthening global cyber warfare
b) Enhancing consumer data exposure
c) Protecting Australians from cyber threats
d) Promoting cyber vulnerabilities
Answer:
c) Protecting Australians from cyber threats

Which of the following is an essential component of a strong cybersecurity posture?
a) Sharing passwords openly
b) Regular software updates and patches
c) Using default settings for devices
d) Disabling firewalls and antivirus programs
Answer:
b) Regular software updates and patches

What organization aims to facilitate collaboration between industry, government, and academia in cybersecurity research and innovation in Australia?
a) Australian Cyber Security Centre
b) Cyber Security Cooperative Research Centre
c) Australian Cyber Security Growth Network
d) Australian Signals Directorate
Answer:
b) Cyber Security Cooperative Research Centre

Which legislation requires telecommunication companies to maintain the confidentiality of communications and provide assistance to law enforcement agencies?
a) Security of Critical Infrastructure Act 2018
b) Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979
c) Privacy Act 1988
d) Cybersecurity Act 2015
Answer:
b) Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979

Which government body is responsible for assessing, advising, and mitigating cybersecurity threats in Australia?
a) Australian Security Intelligence Organisation
b) Australian Federal Police
c) Australian Cyber Security Centre
d) Australian Border Force
Answer:
c) Australian Cyber Security Centre

What is the primary objective of the Privacy Act 1988 in Australia concerning cybersecurity?
a) To restrict access to personal data
b) To enhance the sharing of personal information
c) To regulate the handling of personal information
d) To abolish data protection
Answer:
c) To regulate the handling of personal information

Which cybersecurity certification focuses on risk management and governance aspects of information security?
a) CompTIA Security+
b) CISSP (Certified Information Systems Security Professional)
c) CISA (Certified Information Systems Auditor)
d) CEH (Certified Ethical Hacker)
Answer:
c) CISA (Certified Information Systems Auditor)

Which Australian government department leads the national cybersecurity policy and strategy development?
a) Department of Home Affairs
b) Department of Defence
c) Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
d) Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet
Answer:
d) Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet

Which sector is considered a priority under the Australian Government’s Critical Infrastructure Resilience Strategy?
a) Agriculture
b) Transportation
c) Education
d) Media and Entertainment
Answer:
b) Transportation

What initiative is focused on creating more job opportunities and enhancing cybersecurity skills in Australia?
a) Cyber Security Cooperative Research Centre
b) Australian Cyber Security Centre
c) Australian Cyber Security Growth Network
d) Cyber Security Skills Partnership Innovation Fund
Answer:
d) Cyber Security Skills Partnership Innovation Fund

Which organization in Australia provides guidance and advice to government and industry on protecting against cyber threats?
a) Australian Cyber Security Centre
b) Cyber Security Cooperative Research Centre
c) Australian Signals Directorate
d) Cyber Security Industry Advisory Committee
Answer:
a) Australian Cyber Security Centre

What is the primary focus of the Security of Critical Infrastructure Act 2018?
a) Protecting information sharing
b) Strengthening cybersecurity in critical sectors
c) Promoting cyber vulnerabilities
d) Encouraging cyber threats
Answer:
b) Strengthening cybersecurity in critical sectors

Which Australian government agency provides cyber threat intelligence to support decision-making?
a) Australian Cyber Security Centre
b) Australian Signals Directorate
c) Australian Federal Police
d) Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission
Answer:
b) Australian Signals Directorate

What is the aim of the Cyber Security Industry Advisory Committee in Australia?
a) To promote cyber threats
b) To support collaboration between government and industry
c) To encourage cyber vulnerabilities
d) To facilitate cyber warfare
Answer:
b) To support collaboration between government and industry

Which Australian government initiative focuses on funding research and development in cybersecurity?
a) Cyber Security Skills Partnership Innovation Fund
b) Australian Cyber Security Centre
c) Cyber Security Cooperative Research Centre
d) Australian Cyber Security Growth Network
Answer:
c) Cyber Security Cooperative Research Centre

Which sector is considered a part of Australia’s critical infrastructure under the Security of Critical Infrastructure Act 2018?
a) Telecommunications
b) Tourism
c) Real Estate
d) Retail
Answer:
a) Telecommunications

What is the primary purpose of the Australian Government Information Security Manual (ISM)?
a) To promote data breaches
b) To prevent cybersecurity measures
c) To provide guidance on securing government systems
d) To encourage cyber threats
Answer:
c) To provide guidance on securing government systems

Which of the following is a cybercrime enforcement agency in Australia?
a) Australian Cyber Security Centre
b) Australian Federal Police
c) Australian Security Intelligence Organisation
d) Australian Signals Directorate
Answer:
b) Australian Federal Police

What is the aim of the Australian Cyber Security Growth Network?
a) To discourage cybersecurity innovations
b) To support collaboration among cybersecurity adversaries
c) To promote international cyber threats
d) To foster innovation and growth in the cybersecurity industry
Answer:
d) To foster innovation and growth in the cybersecurity industry

Which legislation in Australia focuses on regulating the interception and access to communications?
a) Privacy Act 1988
b) Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979
c) Cybersecurity Act 2015
d) Security of Critical Infrastructure Act 2018
Answer:
b) Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979

Which Australian government department collaborates with industry partners to enhance cybersecurity capabilities and resilience?
a) Department of Defence
b) Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
c) Department of Home Affairs
d) Department of Communications and the Arts
Answer:
c) Department of Home Affairs

What is the primary objective of the Cyber Security Skills Partnership Innovation Fund?
a) To decrease job opportunities in the cybersecurity field
b) To fund cybersecurity research
c) To enhance cybersecurity skills and expertise
d) To discourage collaboration among cybersecurity professionals
Answer:
c) To enhance cybersecurity skills and expertise

Which Australian government department administers and enforces privacy laws in the country?
a) Department of Home Affairs
b) Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet
c) Office of the Australian Information Commissioner
d) Department of Communications and the Arts
Answer:
c) Office of the Australian Information Commissioner

What role does the Australian Cyber Security Centre play in incidents involving cyber threats?
a) Responding to and managing cyber incidents
b) Promoting cyber vulnerabilities
c) Encouraging cyber threats
d) Disregarding cybersecurity measures
Answer:
a) Responding to and managing cyber incidents

Which sector is NOT classified as critical infrastructure under the Security of Critical Infrastructure Act 2018?
a) Water
b) Health
c) Education
d) Energy
Answer:
c) Education

What initiative aims to address the shortage of cybersecurity professionals in Australia?
a) Cyber Security Cooperative Research Centre
b) Australian Cyber Security Centre
c) Australian Cyber Security Growth Network
d) Cyber Security Skills Partnership Innovation Fund
Answer:
d) Cyber Security Skills Partnership Innovation Fund

Which organization provides assistance to Australian businesses in managing cybersecurity risks?
a) Australian Signals Directorate

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