Australian Diplomacy MCQs with Answer

Who is the current Prime Minister of Australia?

a) Scott Morrison
b) Malcolm Turnbull
c) Tony Abbott
d) Kevin Rudd
Answer: a) Scott Morrison
Which country is Australia’s largest trading partner?

a) United States
b) China
c) United Kingdom
d) Japan
Answer: b) China
What is the capital city of Australia?

a) Melbourne
b) Sydney
c) Canberra
d) Perth
Answer: c) Canberra
Which international organization does Australia belong to?

a) OPEC
b) ASEAN
c) BRICS
d) G20
Answer: d) G20
The ANZUS Treaty is an agreement between Australia, New Zealand, and which other country?

a) Canada
b) United Kingdom
c) United States
d) France
Answer: c) United States
Australia is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Who is the ceremonial head of the Commonwealth?

a) Queen Elizabeth II
b) Prince Charles
c) Prince William
d) Prince Harry
Answer: a) Queen Elizabeth II
The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) is responsible for Australia’s international relations. When was DFAT established?

a) 1901
b) 1945
c) 1987
d) 2001
Answer: c) 1987
Which country has territorial disputes with Australia over maritime boundaries in the Timor Sea?

a) Indonesia
b) Papua New Guinea
c) East Timor
d) Philippines
Answer: c) East Timor
Who was the first woman to serve as Australia’s Minister for Foreign Affairs?

a) Julie Bishop
b) Penny Wong
c) Marise Payne
d) Tanya Plibersek
Answer: a) Julie Bishop
What is the name of the Australian government agency responsible for providing foreign aid?

a) AusAid
b) Aid Australia
c) Australian Aid Commission
d) Australian Aid Program
Answer: a) AusAid
Which Australian Prime Minister served the longest consecutive term in office?

a) Robert Menzies
b) John Howard
c) Bob Hawke
d) Malcolm Fraser
Answer: a) Robert Menzies
Which international agreement aimed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and was ratified by Australia in 1992?

a) Paris Agreement
b) Kyoto Protocol
c) Montreal Protocol
d) Copenhagen Accord
Answer: b) Kyoto Protocol
Which Australian city hosts the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum in 2007?

a) Melbourne
b) Sydney
c) Brisbane
d) Perth
Answer: b) Sydney
What is the name of the Australian government agency responsible for intelligence assessment and advice on national security matters?

a) ASIS
b) ASD
c) ASIO
d) AFP
Answer: c) ASIO
Which Australian Prime Minister established the National Indigenous Council?

a) Paul Keating
b) John Howard
c) Kevin Rudd
d) Tony Abbott
Answer: b) John Howard
Australia is a part of the Five Eyes intelligence-sharing alliance. Which countries are the other members of this alliance?

a) United States, Canada, United Kingdom, France, Australia
b) United States, United Kingdom, Canada, New Zealand
c) United States, Russia, China, Australia, Canada
d) United States, Australia, India, Japan, South Korea
Answer: b) United States, United Kingdom, Canada, New Zealand
Which Australian Prime Minister delivered the historic apology to Indigenous Australians in 2008?

a) Julia Gillard
b) Tony Abbott
c) Kevin Rudd
d) Malcolm Turnbull
Answer: c) Kevin Rudd
Which international conflict saw Australian troops deployed under the ANZUS treaty for the first time?

a) Korean War
b) Vietnam War
c) Gulf War
d) Iraq War
Answer: a) Korean War
What is the name of the agreement that abolished tariffs between Australia and New Zealand?

a) ANZAC Trade Agreement
b) Closer Economic Relations (CER) Agreement
c) Trans-Tasman Partnership
d) Pacific Trade Pact
Answer: b) Closer Economic Relations (CER) Agreement
Which Australian Prime Minister established the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS)?

a) Tony Abbott
b) Kevin Rudd
c) Julia Gillard
d) Malcolm Turnbull
Answer: c) Julia Gillard
Which country did Australia sign a Free Trade Agreement with in 2005, aiming to reduce trade barriers between the two nations?

a) South Korea
b) China
c) Japan
d) India
Answer: a) South Korea
Australia is a member of the United Nations. Which year did Australia become a member?

a) 1945
b) 1956
c) 1965
d) 1975
Answer: a) 1945
What is the name of the Australian government agency responsible for managing immigration and visas?

a) Australian Immigration Service
b) Immigration Australia
c) Department of Home Affairs
d) Visa Management Authority
Answer: c) Department of Home Affairs
Which international crisis in 1999 led to Australia’s involvement in a UN-mandated peacekeeping mission in East Timor?

a) Bosnian War
b) Gulf War
c) Rwandan Genocide
d) East Timor Crisis
Answer: d) East Timor Crisis
Australia is a founding member of which regional security organization established in 2005?

a) Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)
b) South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)
c) Pacific Islands Forum
d) Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
Answer: c) Pacific Islands Forum
Which Australian Prime Minister initiated the National Broadband Network (NBN) project?

a) Malcolm Turnbull
b) Tony Abbott
c) Kevin Rudd
d) Julia Gillard
Answer: d) Julia Gillard
Australia is a signatory to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). In which year was this treaty signed?

a) 1956
b) 1968
c) 1975
d) 1982
Answer: b) 1968
Which Australian Prime Minister introduced the Goods and Services Tax (GST)?

a) Paul Keating
b) John Howard
c) Bob Hawke
d) Kevin Rudd
Answer: b) John Howard
Which Australian Foreign Minister played a significant role in advocating for the establishment of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum?

a) Gareth Evans
b) Alexander Downer
c) Julie Bishop
d) Bob Carr
Answer: a) Gareth Evans
Which country is Australia’s primary security ally in the Pacific region?

a) New Zealand
b) Papua New Guinea
c) Fiji
d) Solomon Islands
Answer: a) New Zealand
The Australia-United States Free Trade Agreement (AUSFTA) came into force in which year?

a) 2003
b) 2005
c) 2007
d) 2010
Answer: b) 2005
What is the name of the Australian government department responsible for overseeing the country’s defense policies and military forces?

a) Department of Defense
b) Australian Defense Force
c) Defense Security Agency
d) Defense Strategy Group
Answer: a) Department of Defense
Which international agreement, signed in 2015, aimed to limit global warming by reducing greenhouse gas emissions?

a) Paris Agreement
b) Kyoto Protocol
c) Copenhagen Accord
d) Montreal Protocol
Answer: a) Paris Agreement
Which Australian Prime Minister famously said, “Life wasn’t meant to be easy”?

a) Gough Whitlam
b) Malcolm Fraser
c) Bob Hawke
d) John Howard
Answer: a) Gough Whitlam
Australia is part of the Pacific Islands Forum. Which of the following countries is not a member of this forum?

a) Fiji
b) Tuvalu
c) Nauru
d) Malaysia
Answer: d) Malaysia
Which Australian Foreign Minister played a significant role in the establishment of the Cairns Group, advocating for agricultural trade liberalization?

a) Gareth Evans
b) Alexander Downer
c) Bob Carr
d) Julie Bishop
Answer: b) Alexander Downer
Australia is a member of the Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA). Which of the following countries is not a member of this arrangement?

a) Singapore
b) Malaysia
c) New Zealand
d) United Kingdom
Answer: c) New Zealand
Which international organization, aimed at promoting economic growth and development, includes Australia as a member country?

a) World Trade Organization (WTO)
b) World Bank
c) International Monetary Fund (IMF)
d) Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
Answer: d) Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
Which Australian Prime Minister played a pivotal role in the establishment of the Australian Capital Territory (ACT)?

a) Ben Chifley
b) John Curtin
c) Joseph Lyons
d) Stanley Bruce
Answer: d) Stanley Bruce
Australia has signed the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). How many countries are part of this agreement?

a) 8
b) 11
c) 15
d) 20
Answer: b) 11

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