Australian Dismissal Crisis MCQs with Answer

Who was the Prime Minister of Australia during the Dismissal Crisis in 1975?

a) Gough Whitlam
b) Malcolm Fraser
c) Bob Hawke
d) John Gorton
Answer: a) Gough Whitlam
The Australian Dismissal Crisis occurred in which month and year?

a) October 1975
b) November 1975
c) December 1975
d) September 1975
Answer: b) November 1975
Who was the Governor-General of Australia responsible for the dismissal of Gough Whitlam?

a) Sir William Deane
b) Sir John Kerr
c) Sir Peter Cosgrove
d) Sir Zelman Cowen
Answer: b) Sir John Kerr
What was the main reason for the dismissal of Prime Minister Gough Whitlam?

a) Corruption charges
b) Economic mismanagement
c) Failure to pass a budget
d) Constitutional crisis over budget deadlock
Answer: d) Constitutional crisis over budget deadlock
Which political party did Gough Whitlam represent during the Dismissal Crisis?

a) Liberal Party
b) Australian Labor Party
c) National Party
d) Democratic Labor Party
Answer: b) Australian Labor Party
The term “The Dismissal” in Australian politics specifically refers to:

a) The removal of a state governor
b) The removal of a sitting Prime Minister by the Governor-General
c) The resignation of a Prime Minister due to scandal
d) The dissolution of the Australian Parliament
Answer: b) The removal of a sitting Prime Minister by the Governor-General
What action did Gough Whitlam take immediately after his dismissal?

a) Filed a lawsuit against the Governor-General
b) Conceded defeat and left politics
c) Called for a snap election
d) Continued to claim legitimacy as Prime Minister
Answer: d) Continued to claim legitimacy as Prime Minister
Which Australian political party won the subsequent election following the Dismissal Crisis?

a) Liberal Party
b) Labor Party
c) National Party
d) Greens Party
Answer: a) Liberal Party
Who became the Prime Minister of Australia after Gough Whitlam’s dismissal?

a) Malcolm Fraser
b) Bob Hawke
c) John Howard
d) Paul Keating
Answer: a) Malcolm Fraser
What was the “Loan Affair” related to in the context of the Dismissal Crisis?

a) Allegations of illegal foreign loans
b) Financial scandal involving the Governor-General
c) Misappropriation of public funds by the Prime Minister
d) International aid negotiations
Answer: a) Allegations of illegal foreign loans
Who was the Opposition Leader during the Dismissal Crisis?

a) Malcolm Fraser
b) Bob Hawke
c) John Howard
d) Billy Snedden
Answer: d) Billy Snedden
What was the reaction of the public immediately following the dismissal?

a) Nationwide celebrations
b) General strike across the country
c) Mass protests and demonstrations
d) Acceptance and calm resignation
Answer: c) Mass protests and demonstrations
Which constitutional power did the Governor-General use to dismiss Gough Whitlam?

a) Reserve powers
b) Executive powers
c) Legislative powers
d) Judicial powers
Answer: a) Reserve powers
Who advised the Governor-General to dismiss Gough Whitlam?

a) Chief Justice of Australia
b) Leader of the Opposition
c) Chief of the Defence Force
d) The Speaker of the House of Representatives
Answer: b) Leader of the Opposition
Which term refers to the tactic used by the Opposition to block supply bills in the Senate?

a) Senate deadlock
b) Supply strike
c) Money impasse
d) Blocking budget
Answer: b) Supply strike
What was the duration of Gough Whitlam’s tenure as Prime Minister before his dismissal?

a) 4 years
b) 5 years
c) 2 years
d) 3 years
Answer: b) 5 years
Which term refers to the legal principle that allows the Senate to block government funding?

a) Budget discretion
b) Financial accountability
c) Appropriation power
d) Spending authority
Answer: c) Appropriation power
Who was the High Court judge who ruled in favor of Gough Whitlam’s government in the “Purchasing Power Case”?

a) Sir Garfield Barwick
b) Sir William Deane
c) Sir Anthony Mason
d) Sir Lionel Murphy
Answer: a) Sir Garfield Barwick
How did the Dismissal Crisis affect subsequent Australian politics?

a) Increased trust in government institutions
b) Raised questions about the role of the Governor-General
c) Strengthened bipartisan cooperation
d) Consolidated power within the Senate
Answer: b) Raised questions about the role of the Governor-General
Which document did Gough Whitlam famously quote during his dismissal speech?

a) Australian Constitution
b) Magna Carta
c) Universal Declaration of Human Rights
d) United Nations Charter
Answer: b) Magna Carta
What was the specific reason cited by the Governor-General for the dismissal of Gough Whitlam?

a) Loss of confidence in the Prime Minister
b) Misappropriation of public funds
c) Failure to pass crucial legislation
d) Constitutional crisis due to blocked supply bills
Answer: d) Constitutional crisis due to blocked supply bills
Which term refers to the political tactic used to force an early election after the dismissal?

a) Snap election strategy
b) Vote of no confidence
c) Double dissolution
d) Emergency referendum
Answer: c) Double dissolution
Which party was accused of instigating the supply crisis that led to the dismissal?

a) Labor Party
b) Liberal Party
c) National Party
d) Australian Democrats
Answer: b) Liberal Party
What role did the Speaker of the House of Representatives play during the Dismissal Crisis?

a) Mediator between the Prime Minister and the Governor-General
b) Advised the Governor-General on the constitutional crisis
c) Ruled on the legality of the Senate’s actions
d) Prevented the passage of crucial legislation
Answer: a) Mediator between the Prime Minister and the Governor-General
How did the Australian public react to the subsequent election after the Dismissal?

a) Overwhelmingly supported the reinstatement of Gough Whitlam
b) Gave a clear mandate to the Liberal-National coalition
c) Divided the country with a close outcome
d) Showed disillusionment with the entire political system
Answer: b) Gave a clear mandate to the Liberal-National coalition
What role did the Queen of England play in the Dismissal Crisis?

a) Supported the Prime Minister’s removal
b) Acted as a mediator between conflicting parties
c) Expressed disapproval of the Governor-General’s actions
d) Maintained a neutral stance and did not interfere
Answer: d) Maintained a neutral stance and did not interfere
Which aspect of the Australian Constitution was particularly contentious during the Dismissal Crisis?

a) Section 44 (Disqualification)
b) Section 51 (Legislative powers)
c) Section 64 (Ministerial powers)
d) Section 58 (Passing of bills)
Answer: d) Section 58 (Passing of bills)
What legal action did Gough Whitlam take following his dismissal to challenge it?

a) Appealed to the United Nations
b) Filed a lawsuit against the Governor-General
c) Requested intervention from the British Parliament
d) Challenged the decision in the High Court of Australia
Answer: d) Challenged the decision in the High Court of Australia
Who was the Leader of the Labor Party when Gough Whitlam was dismissed?

a) Bob Hawke
b) Bill Hayden
c) Paul Keating
d) Gough Whitlam
Answer: d) Gough Whitlam
Which party initially won the majority in the Senate leading to the supply crisis?

a) Labor Party
b) Liberal Party
c) National Party
d) Australian Democrats
Answer: d) Australian Democrats
What significant consequence emerged from the Dismissal Crisis regarding Senate powers?

a) Strengthened the Senate’s power over budget bills
b) Limited the Senate’s ability to block supply
c) Transferred budgetary control to the House of Representatives
d) Expanded the Prime Minister’s authority in budget matters
Answer: a) Strengthened the Senate’s power over budget bills
What was the public sentiment towards the Governor-General’s decision immediately after the Dismissal?

a) Overwhelming support
b) Divided opinions
c) Widespread condemnation
d) Acceptance without much reaction
Answer: b) Divided opinions
What was the significant impact of the Dismissal Crisis on subsequent Australian elections?

a) Increased voter turnout
b) Heightened scrutiny of party leadership
c) More frequent use of double dissolutions
d) Emphasis on bipartisan cooperation
Answer: c) More frequent use of double dissolutions
Who among the following did NOT hold a position of power during the Dismissal Crisis?

a) Senate Majority Leader
b) Chief Justice of Australia
c) Speaker of the House
d) Leader of the Opposition
Answer: a) Senate Majority Leader
What was the essential role of the Senate in the Dismissal Crisis?

a) Approving judicial appointments
b) Blocking budgetary legislation
c) Confirming ministerial appointments
d) Ratifying international treaties
Answer: b) Blocking budgetary legislation
Which term refers to the Governor-General’s authority to dissolve both houses of Parliament?

a) Double dissolution power
b) Parliamentary recess authority
c) Executive prerogative
d) Nullification jurisdiction
Answer: a) Double dissolution power
How did the international community react to the Dismissal Crisis?

a) Showed support for Gough Whitlam

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