Australian Famous Explorers MCQs with Answer

Who was the first European to navigate and chart the eastern coast of Australia?

A) James Cook
B) William Dampier
C) Matthew Flinders
D) Willem Janszoon
Answer:
A) James Cook

Which explorer led the first successful expedition to cross Australia from south to north?

A) Ludwig Leichhardt
B) Robert O’Hara Burke
C) John McDouall Stuart
D) Charles Sturt
Answer:
C) John McDouall Stuart

Who was the first European to set foot on Australian soil?

A) William Dampier
B) Dirk Hartog
C) Abel Tasman
D) Willem Janszoon
Answer:
D) Willem Janszoon

Which explorer was the first to circumnavigate Australia and prove it was an island?

A) Matthew Flinders
B) Abel Tasman
C) James Cook
D) William Dampier
Answer:
A) Matthew Flinders

Who was known for exploring and mapping significant parts of the Western Australian coastline?

A) Dirk Hartog
B) William Dampier
C) Abel Tasman
D) Phillip Parker King
Answer:
D) Phillip Parker King

Which explorer was credited with discovering and naming the Blue Mountains in New South Wales?

A) Thomas Mitchell
B) John Oxley
C) Gregory Blaxland
D) William Lawson
Answer:
C) Gregory Blaxland

Who led the first expedition to reach the interior of the continent of Australia?

A) Charles Sturt
B) William Wentworth
C) John McDouall Stuart
D) Thomas Mitchell
Answer:
A) Charles Sturt

Which explorer is known for his search for an inland sea called the “Sea of Galilee” in central Australia?

A) Edward John Eyre
B) John Oxley
C) Robert O’Hara Burke
D) Ludwig Leichhardt
Answer:
D) Ludwig Leichhardt

Who led the first expedition to sail up the east coast of Australia?

A) Matthew Flinders
B) James Cook
C) William Dampier
D) Willem Janszoon
Answer:
B) James Cook

Which explorer was the first European to explore and chart the Northern Territory coastline?

A) Phillip Parker King
B) William Dampier
C) Abel Tasman
D) Ludwig Leichhardt
Answer:
A) Phillip Parker King

Who led the first expedition to cross the Blue Mountains in New South Wales?

A) Gregory Blaxland
B) William Lawson
C) William Wentworth
D) John Oxley
Answer:
A) Gregory Blaxland

Which explorer discovered and named the Murray River?

A) Charles Sturt
B) John Oxley
C) Hamilton Hume
D) Thomas Mitchell
Answer:
A) Charles Sturt

Who was the first Australian-born explorer to lead an expedition to explore central Australia?

A) John McDouall Stuart
B) Ludwig Leichhardt
C) Robert O’Hara Burke
D) Edward John Eyre
Answer:
B) Ludwig Leichhardt

Which explorer is credited with the first successful navigation of the Murray River to its mouth?

A) Hamilton Hume
B) Charles Sturt
C) Thomas Mitchell
D) John Oxley
Answer:
B) Charles Sturt

Who was the first European explorer to set foot in Tasmania (then known as Van Diemen’s Land)?

A) Abel Tasman
B) James Cook
C) William Dampier
D) Abel Janszoon Tasman
Answer:
C) Abel Janszoon Tasman

Which explorer was the first to reach the Gulf of Carpentaria, confirming that Australia was a single landmass?

A) Matthew Flinders
B) William Dampier
C) Abel Tasman
D) Willem Janszoon
Answer:
B) William Dampier

Who led an expedition to trace the course of the Darling River in New South Wales?

A) Thomas Mitchell
B) Charles Sturt
C) John Oxley
D) Hamilton Hume
Answer:
A) Thomas Mitchell

Which explorer reached the northern coast of Australia after being shipwrecked and built a new ship to sail to Timor?

A) William Dampier
B) Dirk Hartog
C) William Bligh
D) Matthew Flinders
Answer:
A) William Dampier

Who was the leader of the ill-fated Burke and Wills expedition across Australia?

A) Robert O’Hara Burke
B) John King
C) William Wills
D) Ludwig Leichhardt
Answer:
A) Robert O’Hara Burke

Which explorer is known for discovering and naming the Brisbane River in Queensland?

A) John Oxley
B) Matthew Flinders
C) William Dampier
D) James Cook
Answer:
A) John Oxley

Who explored and named Wilsons Promontory in Victoria?

A) George Bass
B) James Cook
C) John Oxley
D) Matthew Flinders
Answer:
D) Matthew Flinders

Which explorer discovered and named the Darling River in New South Wales?

A) Charles Sturt
B) Thomas Mitchell
C) John Oxley
D) Hamilton Hume
Answer:
C) John Oxley

Who was the first explorer to navigate the Hawkesbury River in New South Wales?

A) Matthew Flinders
B) James Cook
C) John Oxley
D) William Dampier
Answer:
C) John Oxley

Which explorer was the first to map and explore the Swan River in Western Australia?

A) James Stirling
B) William Dampier
C) Matthew Flinders
D) George Grey
Answer:
A) James Stirling

Who led the first European expedition to sail through the Torres Strait between Australia and Papua New Guinea?

A) Abel Tasman
B) Willem Janszoon
C) James Cook
D) Matthew Flinders
Answer:
D) Matthew Flinders

Which explorer discovered and named Port Phillip Bay in Victoria?

A) John Batman
B) John Oxley
C) George Bass
D) Matthew Flinders
Answer:
D) Matthew Flinders

Who was the first European to explore the north coast of Australia and map the Gulf of Carpentaria?

A) William Dampier
B) Matthew Flinders
C) Abel Tasman
D) Willem Janszoon
Answer:
A) William Dampier

Which explorer is known for the first European sighting of the Australian continent?

A) Abel Tasman
B) Willem Janszoon
C) Dirk Hartog
D) James Cook
Answer:
B) Willem Janszoon

Who led an expedition to explore and map the coast of South Australia and Western Australia?

A) John McDouall Stuart
B) John Forrest
C) Edward John Eyre
D) Charles Sturt
Answer:
C) Edward John Eyre

Which explorer is known for discovering and naming the Spencer Gulf in South Australia?

A) Matthew Flinders
B) William Dampier
C) John Oxley
D) Edward John Eyre
Answer:
A) Matthew Flinders

Who was the first European to explore and name King George Sound in Western Australia?

A) James Stirling
B) Matthew Flinders
C) William Dampier
D) George Vancouver
Answer:
C) William Dampier

Which explorer was the first to navigate and chart the western coast of Australia?

A) James Cook
B) Dirk Hartog
C) Matthew Flinders
D) William Dampier
Answer:
D) William Dampier

Who was the first European to land on Kangaroo Island in South Australia?

A) Matthew Flinders
B) William Dampier
C) John Oxley
D) George Bass
Answer:
B) William Dampier

Which explorer is known for exploring and naming Western Port in Victoria?

A) James Cook
B) Matthew Flinders
C) John Oxley
D) George Bass
Answer:
B) Matthew Flinders

Who led the first European expedition to explore the Snowy Mountains in southeastern Australia?

A) Charles Sturt
B) Matthew Flinders
C) John Oxley
D) Joseph Wild
Answer:
A) Charles Sturt

Which explorer was the first to sail through the Bass Strait between mainland Australia and Tasmania?

A) Matthew Flinders
B) George Bass
C) William Dampier
D) John Oxley
Answer:
B) George Bass

Who led the first European expedition to climb Mount Kosciuszko, the highest peak in Australia?

A) Ludwig Leichhardt
B) Gregory Blaxland
C) Paul Edmund de Strzelecki
D) John Oxley
Answer:
C) Paul Edmund de Strzelecki

Which explorer discovered and named the Macquarie River in New South Wales?

A) Charles Sturt
B) John Oxley
C) George Evans
D) Thomas Mitchell

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