Australian Famous Wilderness Explorers MCQs with Answer

Who is known for leading the first European expedition to reach the east coast of Australia in 1770?

a) William Dampier
b) James Cook
c) Abel Tasman
d) Charles Sturt
Answer: b) James Cook
Which explorer trekked across the harsh Australian desert, becoming the first European to cross from south to north?

a) Matthew Flinders
b) John McDouall Stuart
c) Ernest Giles
d) Ludwig Leichhardt
Answer: d) Ludwig Leichhardt
Who is credited with the first successful east-west crossing of Australia from the southern coast to the north coast in 1861?

a) Charles Sturt
b) Burke and Wills
c) William Dampier
d) Francis Cadell
Answer: b) Burke and Wills
Which explorer discovered and named the Blue Mountains in New South Wales in 1813?

a) William Wentworth
b) Gregory Blaxland
c) John Oxley
d) William Lawson
Answer: b) Gregory Blaxland
Who was the first European explorer to discover and map Tasmania in 1642?

a) Matthew Flinders
b) Abel Tasman
c) George Bass
d) James Cook
Answer: b) Abel Tasman
Which explorer navigated the Murray River in 1829, revealing a significant waterway in Australia?

a) John Oxley
b) Hamilton Hume
c) Charles Sturt
d) William Hovell
Answer: b) Hamilton Hume
Who led an expedition from Perth to Adelaide across the Nullarbor Plain in 1840, exploring the region’s vastness?

a) Edward John Eyre
b) John McDouall Stuart
c) Ernest Giles
d) Ludwig Leichhardt
Answer: a) Edward John Eyre
Which explorer is famous for circumnavigating Australia and proving it was a single continent in 1803?

a) Abel Tasman
b) Matthew Flinders
c) George Bass
d) William Dampier
Answer: b) Matthew Flinders
Who was the first European to climb and name Mount Kosciuszko, Australia’s highest peak?

a) Robert O’Hara Burke
b) William Blandowski
c) Paweł Strzelecki
d) Thomas Mitchell
Answer: c) Paweł Strzelecki
Which explorer charted much of the northern and eastern coastlines of Australia between 1801 and 1803?

a) James Cook
b) William Dampier
c) Matthew Flinders
d) Charles Sturt
Answer: c) Matthew Flinders
Who was the first European to navigate the length of the Darling River in Australia in 1828?

a) Thomas Mitchell
b) John Oxley
c) Charles Sturt
d) Hamilton Hume
Answer: c) Charles Sturt
Which explorer explored and mapped the west coast of Australia in 1696?

a) Abel Tasman
b) William Dampier
c) Willem Janszoon
d) Dirk Hartog
Answer: b) William Dampier
Who led an expedition to cross the Simpson Desert, a vast and remote area, in 1939?

a) Ernest Giles
b) Donald Mackay
c) Cecil Madigan
d) Frank Hann
Answer: c) Cecil Madigan
Which explorer was the first European to encounter the Great Barrier Reef in 1770?

a) William Dampier
b) James Cook
c) Abel Tasman
d) Matthew Flinders
Answer: b) James Cook
Who is known for the first recorded circumnavigation of Tasmania in 1798?

a) George Bass
b) Matthew Flinders
c) John Franklin
d) James Cook
Answer: a) George Bass
Which explorer discovered and named the Murray River in 1824?

a) Charles Sturt
b) Hamilton Hume
c) John Oxley
d) Thomas Mitchell
Answer: d) Thomas Mitchell
Who led an expedition that made the first east-west crossing of the Australian continent through the central desert in 1844-1845?

a) Ernest Giles
b) John McDouall Stuart
c) Ludwig Leichhardt
d) William Christie Gosse
Answer: c) Ludwig Leichhardt
Which explorer is famous for being the first European to climb Mount Warning in 1828?

a) John Oxley
b) Hamilton Hume
c) Matthew Flinders
d) Thomas Mitchell
Answer: a) John Oxley
Who explored and named the Gulf of Carpentaria in 1623?

a) William Dampier
b) Abel Tasman
c) Jan Carstenszoon
d) Dirk Hartog
Answer: c) Jan Carstenszoon
Which explorer discovered and named the Gippsland region in Victoria in 1840?

a) Angus McMillan
b) Thomas Mitchell
c) John Batman
d) John Helder Wedge
Answer: a) Angus McMillan
Who led the first European expedition to explore the interior of Australia in 1798?

a) Matthew Flinders
b) George Bass
c) John Oxley
d) John Wilson
Answer: b) George Bass
Which explorer mapped parts of the Australian coastline, including Jervis Bay, in 1797?

a) George Bass
b) Matthew Flinders
c) James Cook
d) John Oxley
Answer: a) George Bass
Who was the first European to explore the Queensland coast and Moreton Bay in 1823?

a) Thomas Mitchell
b) John Oxley
c) Charles Sturt
d) Hamilton Hume
Answer: b) John Oxley
Which explorer was the first to explore the Hawkesbury River and Port Stephens in 1795?

a) George Bass
b) Matthew Flinders
c) John Oxley
d) James Cook
Answer: c) John Oxley
Who led an expedition in 1911-1912, becoming the first to navigate the entire length of the Murray River in a small boat?

a) Frank Hann
b) Francis Cadell
c) John McDouall Stuart
d) Ernest Giles
Answer: b) Francis Cadell
Which explorer discovered and named the Darling River in 1828?

a) Thomas Mitchell
b) John Oxley
c) Charles Sturt
d) Hamilton Hume
Answer: c) Charles Sturt
Who explored and mapped the Kimberley region of Western Australia in 1879?

a) John Forrest
b) Alexander Forrest
c) William Dampier
d) John Hanning Speke
Answer: a) John Forrest
Which explorer is credited with the first European sighting of the Australian mainland in 1606?

a) Abel Tasman
b) William Dampier
c) Dirk Hartog
d) Willem Janszoon
Answer: d) Willem Janszoon
Who led an expedition to explore and map the southern coastline of Australia in 1800?

a) James Cook
b) George Bass
c) Matthew Flinders
d) John Franklin
Answer: c) Matthew Flinders
Which explorer trekked across the arid Australian interior, naming Mount Hopeless in 1844?

a) John McDouall Stuart
b) Ernest Giles
c) Ludwig Leichhardt
d) John Forrest
Answer: b) Ernest Giles
Who was the first European to climb and name Mount Warning in 1828?

a) John Oxley
b) Hamilton Hume
c) Matthew Flinders
d) Thomas Mitchell
Answer: a) John Oxley
Which explorer is known for the first successful east-west crossing of the continent from Sydney to Perth in 1841-1842?

a) Ludwig Leichhardt
b) John McDouall Stuart
c) William Christie Gosse
d) Edward John Eyre
Answer: d) Edward John Eyre
Who led the first European expedition to sail and explore the Bass Strait in 1798?

a) George Bass
b) Matthew Flinders
c) James Cook
d) John Franklin
Answer: a) George Bass
Which explorer discovered and named the Tweed River and Tweed Valley in 1823?

a) John Oxley
b) Thomas Mitchell
c) Hamilton Hume
d) Matthew Flinders
Answer: a) John Oxley
Who explored and mapped the Great Australian Bight in 1840?

a) Charles Sturt
b) Edward John Eyre
c) John Helder Wedge
d) William Dampier
Answer: b) Edward John Eyre
Which explorer is credited with the first European discovery of Botany Bay in 1770?

a) William Dampier
b) James Cook
c) Abel Tasman
d) Matthew Flinders
Answer: b) James Cook
Who explored and charted the south-east coast of Australia in 1802-1803?

a) James Cook
b) George Bass
c) Matthew Flinders
d) William Dampier
Answer: c) Matthew Flinders
Which explorer discovered and named the Murray River in 1824?

a) Charles Sturt
b) Hamilton Hume
c) John Oxley
d) Thomas Mitchell
Answer: d) Thomas Mitchell
Who led an expedition from Perth to Adelaide across the Nullarbor Plain in 1840, exploring the region’s vastness?

a) Edward John Eyre
b) John McDouall Stuart

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