Australian High Court MCQs with Answer

Which year was the Australian High Court established?
a) 1899
b) 1901
c) 1920
d) 1945
Answer: b) 1901

The Australian High Court is located in which city?
a) Melbourne
b) Sydney
c) Canberra
d) Brisbane
Answer: c) Canberra

Who was the first Chief Justice of the Australian High Court?
a) Sir Garfield Barwick
b) Sir Samuel Griffith
c) Sir Isaac Isaacs
d) Sir Owen Dixon
Answer: b) Sir Samuel Griffith

How many justices serve on the Australian High Court at any given time?
a) 5
b) 7
c) 9
d) 11
Answer: c) 9

The Australian High Court serves as the ultimate court of appeal in which type of cases?
a) Civil cases
b) Criminal cases
c) Both civil and criminal cases
d) Family law cases
Answer: c) Both civil and criminal cases

What is the term length for justices appointed to the Australian High Court?
a) 5 years
b) 7 years
c) Until retirement at age 70
d) Until retirement at age 75
Answer: d) Until retirement at age 75

Who appoints justices to the Australian High Court?
a) Prime Minister
b) Governor-General
c) Attorney-General
d) Chief Justice
Answer: b) Governor-General

The Australian High Court is established under which section of the Constitution?
a) Section 71
b) Section 128
c) Section 51
d) Section 100
Answer: a) Section 71

What is the minimum number of justices required to constitute a quorum in the Australian High Court?
a) 3
b) 4
c) 5
d) 6
Answer: a) 3

The High Court of Australia can interpret the Constitution through its power of:
a) Judicial review
b) Constitutional revision
c) Legislative oversight
d) Executive proclamation
Answer: a) Judicial review

Which case established the doctrine of ‘implied freedom of political communication’ in Australia?
a) Mabo v Queensland (No 2)
b) Lange v Australian Broadcasting Corporation
c) Australian Communist Party v Commonwealth
d) Nationwide News Pty Ltd v Wills
Answer: b) Lange v Australian Broadcasting Corporation

What is the primary function of the Australian High Court?
a) Interpreting State laws
b) Resolving disputes between states
c) Reviewing decisions made by lower courts
d) Overseeing federal elections
Answer: c) Reviewing decisions made by lower courts

In which case did the High Court recognize native title in Australia for the first time?
a) Wik Peoples v Queensland
b) Mabo v Queensland (No 2)
c) Koowarta v Bjelke-Petersen
d) Yorta Yorta Native Title Claim
Answer: b) Mabo v Queensland (No 2)

Which section of the Australian Constitution allows for appeals from the High Court to the Privy Council?
a) Section 71
b) Section 72
c) Section 74
d) Section 76
Answer: d) Section 76

The Australian High Court exercises both original and appellate jurisdiction. What does this mean?
a) It can hear cases for the first time and review decisions made by lower courts
b) It can only review decisions made by lower courts
c) It can only hear cases for the first time
d) It can only hear appeals from the Federal Court
Answer: a) It can hear cases for the first time and review decisions made by lower courts

Who was the first woman appointed as a Justice of the Australian High Court?
a) Mary Gaudron
b) Susan Kiefel
c) Margaret Beazley
d) Elizabeth Evatt
Answer: a) Mary Gaudron

Which case confirmed the power of the federal government to legislate on industrial relations under the corporations power?
a) Commonwealth v Tasmania (Tasmanian Dams case)
b) New South Wales v Commonwealth (WorkChoices case)
c) R v Burgess; Ex parte Henry
d) R v Barger
Answer: b) New South Wales v Commonwealth (WorkChoices case)

The High Court’s decision in which case led to the establishment of the “Koori Court” system in Victoria?
a) Dietrich v The Queen
b) Mabo v Queensland (No 2)
c) Kable v Director of Public Prosecutions
d) R v Tang
Answer: c) Kable v Director of Public Prosecutions

In what year was the High Court decision in the case of Engineers v. Avery, which established the doctrine of promissory estoppel?
a) 1940
b) 1950
c) 1960
d) 1970
Answer: b) 1950

Which High Court case upheld the power of the federal government to conduct a postal survey on same-sex marriage?
a) Brown v Tasmania
b) Plaintiff S157/2002 v Commonwealth
c) Re Canavan
d) Australian Marriage Law Postal Survey case
Answer: d) Australian Marriage Law Postal Survey case

Who has the power to remove a Justice of the High Court from office?
a) Prime Minister
b) Governor-General
c) Parliament
d) Chief Justice
Answer: c) Parliament

The majority of High Court cases are heard by how many Justices?
a) Five
b) Seven
c) Nine
d) Eleven
Answer: a) Five

What case established the ‘separation of powers’ doctrine in Australia?
a) Chu Kheng Lim v Minister for Immigration
b) Kable v Director of Public Prosecutions
c) Chu Kheng Lim v Minister for Immigration
d) Boilermakers’ Case
Answer: d) Boilermakers’ Case

Who is the current Chief Justice of the Australian High Court (as of 2022)?
a) Susan Kiefel
b) Robert French
c) Geoffrey Nettle
d) James Edelman
Answer: a) Susan Kiefel

What is the age limit for justices serving on the Australian High Court?
a) 65
b) 70
c) 75
d) There is no specific age limit
Answer: d) There is no specific age limit

Which case determined that the Commonwealth can compulsorily acquire property from the states?
a) Mabo v Queensland (No 2)
b) Melbourne Corporation v Commonwealth
c) Cole v Whitfield
d) Capital Duplicators Pty Ltd v Australian Capital Territory
Answer: b) Melbourne Corporation v Commonwealth

The Australian High Court has the power to issue:
a) Writs
b) Legislation
c) Arrest warrants
d) Regulations
Answer: a) Writs

What is the primary consideration when appointing a justice to the Australian High Court?
a) Political affiliation
b) Legal expertise and experience
c) Age
d) Educational background
Answer: b) Legal expertise and experience

Which case upheld the legality of tobacco plain packaging laws in Australia?
a) Brown v Tasmania
b) JT International SA v Commonwealth
c) D’Emden v Pedder
d) Victoria v Commonwealth (Industrial Relations Act Case)
Answer: b) JT International SA v Commonwealth

How many original jurisdictions does the High Court have?
a) One
b) Two
c) Three
d) Four
Answer: b) Two

In which case did the High Court establish the “Work Choices” principles on federalism?
a) New South Wales v Commonwealth
b) Australian Communist Party v Commonwealth
c) Victoria v Commonwealth (Industrial Relations Act Case)
d) Amalgamated Society of Engineers v Adelaide Steamship Co Ltd
Answer: a) New South Wales v Commonwealth

Which section of the Constitution defines the jurisdiction of the High Court?
a) Section 71
b) Section 72
c) Section 75
d) Section 76
Answer: c) Section 75

What case affirmed the principle of the “incompatibility of office” under Section 44 of the Constitution?
a) Sue v Hill
b) Sykes v Cleary
c) Re Canavan
d) Re Webster
Answer: a) Sue v Hill

Which case established the doctrine of ‘legitimate expectation’ in administrative law in Australia?
a) Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs v Teoh
b) Mabo v Queensland (No 2)
c) Lange v Australian Broadcasting Corporation
d) Minister for Immigration and Citizenship v Li
Answer: a) Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs v Teoh

In which case did the High Court rule that a referendum is necessary to alter the Constitution concerning the creation of new states?
a) New South Wales v Commonwealth
b) South Australia v Commonwealth
c) Victoria v Commonwealth (Industrial Relations Act Case)
d) Amalgamated Society of Engineers v Adelaide Steamship Co Ltd
Answer: b) South Australia v Commonwealth

What was the outcome of the landmark High Court case ‘Polyukhovich v Commonwealth’?
a) Confirmed the validity of retrospective legislation
b) Invalidated retrospective legislation
c) Established the ‘implied right to political freedom’
d) Established the ‘implied right to freedom of speech’
Answer: b) Invalidated retrospective legislation

Which section of the Constitution allows the High Court to interpret the Constitution and hear cases involving disputes between the Commonwealth and the States?
a) Section 71
b) Section 72
c) Section 75
d) Section 76
Answer: c) Section 75

In which case did the High Court confirm the legality of the government’s right to detain asylum seekers indefinitely under certain circumstances?
a) Plaintiff S157/2002 v Commonwealth
b) Chu Kheng Lim v Minister for Immigration
c) Plaintiff M70/2011 v Minister for Immigration
d) Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs v Teoh
Answer: c) Plaintiff M70/2011 v Minister for Immigration

Who was the first Aboriginal judge appointed to the High Court of Australia?
a) Ken Wyatt
b) Pat O’Shane
c) Lionel Murphy
d) Sir Douglas Nicholls
Answer: b)

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