Australian Human Rights MCQs with Answer

What year did Australia become a signatory to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?

A) 1945
B) 1948
C) 1951
D) 1955
Answer: B) 1948
Which Australian legislation aims to protect individuals from discrimination based on race?

A) Racial Discrimination Act 1975
B) Sex Discrimination Act 1984
C) Disability Discrimination Act 1992
D) Age Discrimination Act 2004
Answer: A) Racial Discrimination Act 1975
What is the government body responsible for handling complaints about breaches of human rights in Australia?

A) Human Rights Commission
B) Human Rights Watch
C) Amnesty International
D) United Nations Human Rights Council
Answer: A) Human Rights Commission
Which article of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights emphasizes the right to freedom of speech?

A) Article 19
B) Article 3
C) Article 12
D) Article 30
Answer: A) Article 19
In what year did Australia implement the Disability Discrimination Act?

A) 1990
B) 1992
C) 1995
D) 1998
Answer: B) 1992
Which group is protected under the Sex Discrimination Act?

A) Persons based on religion
B) Indigenous Australians
C) Pregnant women
D) People based on political affiliation
Answer: C) Pregnant women
Which Australian state was the first to decriminalize homosexuality?

A) New South Wales
B) Victoria
C) South Australia
D) Tasmania
Answer: D) Tasmania
Which treaty provides mechanisms for addressing complaints related to civil and political rights in Australia?

A) International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
B) Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
C) International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
D) Convention on the Rights of the Child
Answer: C) International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
What does the term “Mabo decision” refer to in Australian legal history?

A) Recognition of native title rights
B) Establishment of constitutional rights
C) Rights of refugees and asylum seekers
D) Protection of cultural heritage
Answer: A) Recognition of native title rights
Which international human rights treaty focuses on the rights of people with disabilities?

A) Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)
B) Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)
C) Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
D) Convention against Torture (CAT)
Answer: C) Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
Which amendment to the Australian Constitution prohibits discrimination based on race?

A) 1967 Referendum
B) 1975 Constitutional Reform Act
C) 1982 Equal Rights Amendment
D) 1990 Human Rights Amendment
Answer: A) 1967 Referendum
Which Australian law protects individuals from discrimination based on their age?

A) Age Discrimination Act 2004
B) Disability Discrimination Act 1992
C) Racial Discrimination Act 1975
D) Sex Discrimination Act 1984
Answer: A) Age Discrimination Act 2004
Which group was historically affected by the policy known as the “White Australia Policy?

A) Indigenous Australians
B) European immigrants
C) Asian immigrants
D) Refugees
Answer: C) Asian immigrants
What does the term “terra nullius” refer to in Australian legal history?

A) Legal principle of “empty land”
B) Right to religious freedom
C) Indigenous land rights
D) Recognition of native title
Answer: A) Legal principle of “empty land”
Which government agency oversees the administration of citizenship, multicultural affairs, and settlement services in Australia?

A) Department of Social Services
B) Department of Home Affairs
C) Department of Immigration and Border Protection
D) Department of Human Services
Answer: B) Department of Home Affairs
What is the legal age for compulsory voting in federal elections in Australia?

A) 16
B) 17
C) 18
D) 21
Answer: C) 18
Which treaty provides protections for the rights of indigenous peoples worldwide?

A) Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
B) International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
C) Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
D) United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP)
Answer: D) United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP)
Which Australian territory legalised euthanasia in 2021?

A) New South Wales
B) Victoria
C) Australian Capital Territory
D) Queensland
Answer: C) Australian Capital Territory
Which international human rights document focuses on the rights of women?

A) Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
B) Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)
C) Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)
D) International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
Answer: C) Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)
What does the term “Stolen Generations” refer to in Australian history?

A) Forced removal of Indigenous children from their families
B) A series of stolen artifacts from museums
C) Unauthorized land acquisitions by colonial settlers
D) Government confiscation of private property
Answer: A) Forced removal of Indigenous children from their families
Which international agreement aims to prevent and combat human trafficking and protect victims?

A) Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons
B) International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism
C) United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
D) Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Answer: A) Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons
Which Australian legislation provides protection against discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender identity, and intersex status?

A) Racial Discrimination Act 1975
B) Sex Discrimination Act 1984
C) Disability Discrimination Act 1992
D) Age Discrimination Act 2004
Answer: B) Sex Discrimination Act 1984
Which article of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) recognizes the right to work?

A) Article 6
B) Article 9
C) Article 11
D) Article 17
Answer: A) Article 6
What is the primary role of the Australian Human Rights Commission?

A) Enforcing criminal law
B) Investigating breaches of human rights
C) Implementing foreign policies
D) Regulating financial markets
Answer: B) Investigating breaches of human rights
Which Australian state or territory has its own bill of rights?

A) New South Wales
B) Victoria
C) Queensland
D) Australian Capital Territory
Answer: D) Australian Capital Territory
What does the term “refugee” refer to in international law?

A) Someone seeking better economic opportunities
B) An individual fleeing persecution or war
C) A person experiencing homelessness
D) A foreign national seeking citizenship
Answer: B) An individual fleeing persecution or war
Which convention sets out the rights of children in all aspects of their lives?

A) Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
B) Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)
C) Convention against Torture (CAT)
D) International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
Answer: B) Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)
Which international treaty prohibits torture and cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment?

A) Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
B) International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
C) Convention against Torture (CAT)
D) Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
Answer: C) Convention against Torture (CAT)
Which Australian legislation provides protection against discrimination based on religious beliefs or activities?

A) Racial Discrimination Act 1975
B) Sex Discrimination Act 1984
C) Disability Discrimination Act 1992
D) Religious Discrimination Act 2021
Answer: D) Religious Discrimination Act 2021
What is the purpose of the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) in Australia?

A) To provide financial aid for the unemployed
B) To support people with disabilities and their families
C) To promote environmental conservation
D) To regulate the healthcare industry
Answer: B) To support people with disabilities and their families
Which international human rights document emphasizes the right to education?

A) Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
B) Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)
C) International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
D) Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)
Answer: B) Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)
Which Australian law prohibits discrimination on the basis of marital or relationship status?

A) Racial Discrimination Act 1975
B) Sex Discrimination Act 1984
C) Disability Discrimination Act 1992
D) Age Discrimination Act 2004
Answer: B) Sex Discrimination Act 1984
What does the term “asylum seeker” refer to?

A) An individual granted refugee status
B) A person migrating for educational purposes
C) Someone seeking protection as a refugee and awaiting a decision on their claim
D) A legal immigrant entering a country for employment opportunities
Answer: C) Someone seeking protection as a refugee and awaiting a decision on their claim
Which international treaty focuses on the rights of workers, including the right to form trade unions?

A) International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD)
B) International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
C) International Labour Organization Convention (ILO)
D) Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
Answer: C) International Labour Organization Convention (ILO)

Leave a Comment