Australian Indigenous Policies MCQs with Answer

Which Australian government initiated the “Closing the Gap” strategy?
a) Labor Government
b) Liberal Government
c) National Party Government
d) Green Party Government
Answer: a) Labor Government

The Native Title Act of 1993 recognized the traditional rights of Indigenous Australians over:
a) Intellectual property rights
b) Land and waters
c) Educational access
d) Health services
Answer: b) Land and waters

The Bringing Them Home report published in 1997 was about:
a) Indigenous health disparities
b) Stolen Generations
c) Aboriginal art preservation
d) Indigenous languages preservation
Answer: b) Stolen Generations

The Mabo Decision of 1992 recognized the concept of:
a) Indigenous land rights based on traditional laws and customs
b) Forced assimilation policies
c) Mandatory education for Indigenous children
d) Protection of Indigenous cultural artifacts
Answer: a) Indigenous land rights based on traditional laws and customs

Which policy aimed to improve Aboriginal health, education, and employment and eliminate the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians?
a) Indigenous Advancement Strategy
b) Redfern Statement
c) “Closing the Gap”
d) Native Title Act
Answer: c) “Closing the Gap”

The 1967 referendum aimed to grant Indigenous Australians:
a) The right to vote
b) Full citizenship rights
c) Land ownership rights
d) Control over healthcare facilities
Answer: a) The right to vote

The term “self-determination” in Indigenous policies refers to:
a) Indigenous communities having control over their affairs
b) Integration of Indigenous peoples into mainstream society
c) Government intervention in Indigenous governance
d) Erasure of Indigenous cultural practices
Answer: a) Indigenous communities having control over their affairs

Which policy sought to forcibly remove Aboriginal children from their families?
a) Assimilation Policy
b) Protection Policy
c) Integration Policy
d) Stolen Generations Policy
Answer: d) Stolen Generations Policy

The National Indigenous Reform Agreement (Closing the Gap) targets improvements in how many key areas?
a) 4
b) 5
c) 6
d) 7
Answer: b) 5

The Northern Territory Intervention of 2007 was implemented primarily to address issues related to:
a) Healthcare disparities
b) High rates of Indigenous incarceration
c) Child abuse and welfare concerns
d) Educational inequalities
Answer: c) Child abuse and welfare concerns

Which policy aimed to integrate Indigenous Australians into the wider society by absorbing them into non-Indigenous communities?
a) Self-Determination Policy
b) Assimilation Policy
c) Protection Policy
d) Reconciliation Policy
Answer: b) Assimilation Policy

The term “Sorry Day” in Australia commemorates:
a) The Mabo Decision
b) The National Apology to the Stolen Generations
c) The 1967 Referendum
d) The establishment of the Native Title Act
Answer: b) The National Apology to the Stolen Generations

The Redfern Statement of 2016 was primarily focused on:
a) Improving Indigenous education
b) Empowering Indigenous leaders
c) Tackling Indigenous disadvantage
d) Preserving Indigenous languages
Answer: c) Tackling Indigenous disadvantage

Which Australian state was the first to issue a formal apology to the Stolen Generations?
a) New South Wales
b) Victoria
c) Queensland
d) South Australia
Answer: a) New South Wales

The Indigenous Advancement Strategy (IAS) was introduced to:
a) Address Indigenous health only
b) Consolidate all Indigenous programs and services into one
c) Promote Indigenous languages and arts
d) Focus solely on Indigenous education
Answer: b) Consolidate all Indigenous programs and services into one

The Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody was established in which year?
a) 1987
b) 1991
c) 1995
d) 2000
Answer: b) 1991

The Native Title Amendment Act 1998 aimed to:
a) Strengthen Indigenous land rights
b) Limit Indigenous access to traditional lands
c) Facilitate government control over Indigenous territories
d) Ban the recognition of Native Title
Answer: a) Strengthen Indigenous land rights

Which government agency is responsible for implementing Indigenous policies in Australia?
a) Department of Aboriginal Affairs
b) Indigenous Affairs Agency
c) Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet
d) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC)
Answer: c) Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet

The National Congress of Australia’s First Peoples serves as:
a) A political party for Indigenous Australians
b) An advocacy and advisory body
c) A cultural preservation organization
d) A government-funded health agency
Answer: b) An advocacy and advisory body

The term “Cultural Respect” in Indigenous policies refers to:
a) Recognition of Indigenous languages
b) Valuing and understanding Indigenous cultures
c) Enforcing traditional practices
d) Limiting Indigenous cultural expression
Answer: b) Valuing and understanding Indigenous cultures

The Uluru Statement from the Heart, issued in 2017, called for:
a) Constitutional recognition and a First Nations voice in parliament
b) The establishment of Indigenous-only territories
c) Financial reparations to Indigenous communities
d) The dismantling of Indigenous governance structures
Answer: a) Constitutional recognition and a First Nations voice in parliament

The Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS) primarily focuses on:
a) Advocating for Indigenous political rights
b) Collecting and preserving Indigenous cultural materials
c) Providing healthcare services to Indigenous communities
d) Offering educational scholarships to Indigenous students
Answer: b) Collecting and preserving Indigenous cultural materials

The “Ten Point Plan” implemented by the Howard government in 1997 aimed to:
a) Address Indigenous health issues
b) Improve access to education for Indigenous youth
c) Provide economic development opportunities for Indigenous communities
d) Limit Native Title rights
Answer: d) Limit Native Title rights

The term “Sit-down money” refers to:
a) Financial assistance provided to Indigenous elders
b) Payments made to Indigenous individuals to discourage work
c) Land grants given to Indigenous communities
d) Investments made in Indigenous businesses
Answer: b) Payments made to Indigenous individuals to discourage work

The Little Children are Sacred report of 2007 focused on:
a) Healthcare issues in Indigenous communities
b) Educational disparities among Indigenous children
c) Child abuse and neglect in the Northern Territory
d) High rates of Indigenous incarceration
Answer: c) Child abuse and neglect in the Northern Territory

The Native Title Amendment Act 1998 was introduced in response to which court decision?
a) Wik Decision
b) Mabo Decision
c) Yorta Yorta Decision
d) Coe Decision
Answer: a) Wik Decision

Which government report highlighted the impact of forced removal policies on Indigenous families?
a) Redfern Statement
b) Little Children are Sacred report
c) Bringing Them Home report
d) Uluru Statement from the Heart
Answer: c) Bringing Them Home report

The term “Cultural Appropriation” refers to:
a) Indigenous communities borrowing from other cultures
b) Misuse of Indigenous cultural elements by outsiders
c) Indigenous communities rejecting their own cultural heritage
d) The government limiting Indigenous cultural practices
Answer: b) Misuse of Indigenous cultural elements by outsiders

The Torres Strait Regional Authority (TSRA) primarily focuses on issues related to:
a) Economic development in Torres Strait Islander communities
b) Educational reform in remote Indigenous regions
c) Healthcare access for Indigenous populations
d) Land rights and native title claims
Answer: a) Economic development in Torres Strait Islander communities

The 1967 Referendum in Australia resulted in what percentage of Australians voting in favor of Indigenous rights?
a) Over 60%
b) Over 70%
c) Over 90%
d) Over 80%
Answer: c) Over 90%

The term “Native Title” refers to:
a) Legal recognition of Indigenous customary land rights
b) Assimilation policies for Indigenous populations
c) The right to Australian citizenship for Indigenous peoples
d) Government control over Indigenous territories
Answer: a) Legal recognition of Indigenous customary land rights

The National Apology to the Stolen Generations was delivered by:
a) Prime Minister Kevin Rudd
b) Prime Minister John Howard
c) Prime Minister Tony Abbott
d) Prime Minister Julia Gillard
Answer: a) Prime Minister Kevin Rudd

The concept of “Native Title” is primarily derived from:
a) International human rights laws
b) British colonial laws
c) Australian Constitution
d) Indigenous customary laws
Answer: d) Indigenous customary laws

The Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) aimed to:
a) Provide employment opportunities for Indigenous Australians
b) Promote Indigenous art and culture
c) Improve healthcare access in remote areas
d) Establish Indigenous-only communities
Answer: a) Provide employment opportunities for Indigenous Australians

The term “Terra Nullius” refers to:
a) The legal principle of empty land, denying Indigenous ownership
b) Indigenous governance structures
c) The right to self-determination
d) The protection of Indigenous cultural heritage
Answer: a) The legal principle of empty land, denying Indigenous ownership

The Council of Australian Governments (COAG) plays a role in:
a) Overseeing Indigenous health initiatives
b) Establishing Indigenous-only schools
c) Managing Indigenous land rights
d) Coordinating federal and state policies on Indigenous issues
Answer: d) Coordinating federal and state policies on Indigenous issues

The National Aboriginal Health Strategy aimed to:
a) Improve access to healthcare services for Indigenous Australians
b) Promote traditional healing practices
c) Establish Indigenous-owned pharmaceutical companies
d) Focus solely on mental health issues in Indigenous communities
Answer: a) Improve access to healthcare services for Indigenous Australians

The term “Overrepresentation” refers to the disproportionate presence of Indigenous people in:
a) Employment opportunities
b) Educational institutions
c) Criminal justice systems
d) Political organizations
Answer: c) Criminal justice systems

The Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act of 1976 was significant because it:
a) Recognized Indigenous ownership of certain lands in the Northern Territory
b) Abolished Indigenous land rights in the Northern Territory
c) Established government control over Indigenous territories
d) Facilitated

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