Australian Indigenous Rights Struggle MCQs with Answer

Which year did the Australian government hold a national referendum that included Indigenous Australians in the census for the first time?

a) 1949
b) 1967
c) 1975
d) 1983
Answer:
b) 1967

Who was the leader of the Australian Aboriginal League and a key figure in advocating for Indigenous rights in the 1920s?

a) David Unaipon
b) William Cooper
c) Douglas Nicholls
d) Neville Bonner
Answer:
b) William Cooper

The “Tent Embassy” was established in:

a) 1972
b) 1965
c) 1981
d) 1990
Answer:
a) 1972

Which landmark event recognized Aboriginal land rights and the tradition of prior occupation in Australia?

a) Mabo Decision
b) Wave Hill Walk-off
c) 1967 Referendum
d) Sorry Day
Answer:
a) Mabo Decision

The Freedom Rides in 1965 aimed to draw attention to:

a) Indigenous education
b) Indigenous voting rights
c) Indigenous health care
d) Indigenous housing conditions
Answer:
a) Indigenous segregation and discrimination

Who was the first Indigenous Australian to serve in the Australian Parliament?

a) Neville Bonner
b) Eddie Mabo
c) David Unaipon
d) Charles Perkins
Answer:
a) Neville Bonner

The Bringing Them Home report focused on:

a) Indigenous land rights
b) Stolen Generations
c) Indigenous health disparities
d) Indigenous education reform
Answer:
b) Stolen Generations

Which activist is known for establishing the Aboriginal Tent Embassy in Canberra?

a) Eddie Mabo
b) Gary Foley
c) Charles Perkins
d) Michael Anderson
Answer:
d) Michael Anderson

The “Sorry Speech” was delivered by Prime Minister Kevin Rudd to:

a) Recognize Aboriginal land rights
b) Apologize for the Stolen Generations
c) Address Indigenous unemployment
d) Provide healthcare access to Indigenous communities
Answer:
b) Apologize for the Stolen Generations

The Gurindji people’s strike in 1966 at Wave Hill Station was a protest against:

a) Unfair labor practices
b) Denied access to education
c) Land dispossession
d) Lack of healthcare facilities
Answer:
c) Land dispossession

The landmark High Court decision that recognized native title in Australia was known as:

a) Racial Discrimination Act
b) Mabo Decision
c) Native Title Act
d) Reconciliation Act
Answer:
b) Mabo Decision

The Yirrkala Bark Petitions were directed towards:

a) Demanding better healthcare for Indigenous communities
b) Recognizing Indigenous land rights
c) Improving education opportunities for Indigenous children
d) Addressing unemployment among Indigenous populations
Answer:
b) Recognizing Indigenous land rights

Who was the Australian Prime Minister responsible for delivering the “Sorry Speech”?

a) John Howard
b) Kevin Rudd
c) Tony Abbott
d) Julia Gillard
Answer:
b) Kevin Rudd

The term “terra nullius” refers to:

a) Indigenous spirituality
b) Uninhabited land
c) Indigenous communal ownership
d) Indigenous legal rights
Answer:
b) Uninhabited land

The 1967 Referendum resulted in:

a) Granting citizenship to Indigenous Australians
b) Recognizing Indigenous Australians in the national census
c) Allowing Indigenous Australians to vote in federal elections
d) Acknowledging Indigenous land rights
Answer:
b) Recognizing Indigenous Australians in the national census

The Stolen Generations refers to:

a) Indigenous people forcibly removed from their families
b) Indigenous tribes migrating across territories
c) Indigenous populations displaced due to natural disasters
d) Indigenous communities seeking refuge in urban areas
Answer:
a) Indigenous people forcibly removed from their families

Who was the Aboriginal activist known for his leadership in the 1965 Freedom Rides?

a) Charles Perkins
b) Eddie Mabo
c) Neville Bonner
d) David Unaipon
Answer:
a) Charles Perkins

The National Sorry Day in Australia is observed on:

a) 13th February
b) 26th January
c) 3rd June
d) 25th May
Answer:
d) 25th May

Which Indigenous Australian’s court case led to the recognition of native title in Australia?

a) Neville Bonner
b) Eddie Mabo
c) Charles Perkins
d) David Unaipon
Answer:
b) Eddie Mabo

The 1966 Gurindji Strike led to the eventual granting of land back to Indigenous people. Which landmark event is associated with this?

a) Aboriginal Land Rights Act
b) Native Title Act
c) Mabo Decision
d) Wave Hill Walk-off
Answer:
d) Wave Hill Walk-off

The 1965 Freedom Rides in Australia were inspired by a similar movement in which country?

a) United States
b) Canada
c) South Africa
d) New Zealand
Answer:
a) United States

Who was the Australian Prime Minister when the Stolen Generations were formally acknowledged and apologized to?

a) John Howard
b) Kevin Rudd
c) Tony Abbott
d) Julia Gillard
Answer:
b) Kevin Rudd

The landmark case that overturned the concept of “terra nullius” was:

a) Mabo v Queensland (No 2)
b) Racial Discrimination Act
c) Native Title Act
d) Reconciliation Act
Answer:
a) Mabo v Queensland (No 2)

Who was the Australian Prime Minister at the time of the 1967 Referendum?

a) Harold Holt
b) John Gorton
c) Robert Menzies
d) Harold Holt
Answer:
c) Harold Holt

The Yirrkala Bark Petitions were presented to:

a) The Australian Parliament
b) The United Nations
c) The British Monarchy
d) The High Court of Australia
Answer:
a) The Australian Parliament

The 1967 Referendum sought to:

a) Include Indigenous Australians in the national census and grant the Australian government power to make laws for Indigenous people
b) Grant Indigenous Australians exclusive rights over their traditional lands
c) Abolish all discriminatory laws against Indigenous Australians
d) Allocate government funds specifically for Indigenous healthcare
Answer:
a) Include Indigenous Australians in the national census and grant the Australian government power to make laws for Indigenous people

Who was the lead claimant in the landmark Mabo case?

a) David Unaipon
b) Eddie Mabo
c) Neville Bonner
d) Charles Perkins
Answer:
b) Eddie Mabo

The concept of “terra nullius” was officially overturned by:

a) The Australian Constitution
b) The Native Title Act
c) The High Court of Australia
d) The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Answer:
c) The High Court of Australia

The purpose of the Aboriginal Tent Embassy in Canberra was to:

a) Demand Indigenous representation in Parliament
b) Protest against the forced removal of Indigenous children
c) Advocate for Indigenous land rights
d) Establish healthcare facilities for Indigenous communities
Answer:
c) Advocate for Indigenous land rights

The 1966 Gurindji Strike began at which Australian cattle station?

a) Alice Downs Station
b) Wave Hill Station
c) Palm Valley Station
d) Tanami Downs Station
Answer:
b) Wave Hill Station

Who was the Australian Prime Minister when the High Court handed down the Mabo decision?

a) Bob Hawke
b) Malcolm Fraser
c) Paul Keating
d) John Howard
Answer:
c) Paul Keating

The 1967 Referendum received what percentage of “yes” votes from Australians?

a) Over 80%
b) Around 65%
c) More than 90%
d) Approximately 75%
Answer:
c) More than 90%

Who was the leader of the Australian Aborigines’ League who petitioned King George V for Indigenous rights in 1938?

a) David Unaipon
b) William Cooper
c) Douglas Nicholls
d) Neville Bonner
Answer:
b) William Cooper

The “Sorry Speech” delivered by Kevin Rudd marked the start of:

a) National Reconciliation Week
b) National Sorry Day
c) National Indigenous History Month
d) National Apology Day
Answer:
b) National Sorry Day

Who was the author and advocate of the 1967 Referendum and the establishment of the Aboriginal Tent Embassy?

a) Neville Bonner
b) Eddie Mabo
c) Charles Perkins
d) Michael Anderson
Answer:
d) Michael Anderson

The Yirrkala Bark Petitions were significant because they:

a) Advocated for Indigenous voting rights
b) Sought recognition of traditional land ownership
c) Raised concerns about Indigenous education
d) Called for better healthcare access for Indigenous communities
Answer:
b) Sought recognition of traditional land ownership

Who was the Prime Minister responsible for the introduction of the Native Title Act in 1993?

a) Paul Keating
b) Bob Hawke
c

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