Australian Mabo Decision MCQs with Answer

What was the year when the Mabo Decision was handed down by the High Court of Australia?

A) 1992
B) 1986
C) 1996
D) 1982
Answer: A) 1992
Who was the lead plaintiff in the Mabo case?

A) Eddie Koiki Mabo
B) Patrick Dodson
C) Noel Pearson
D) Charles Perkins
Answer: A) Eddie Koiki Mabo
The Mabo Decision recognized the existence of what traditional legal concept?

A) Terra Nullius
B) Nemo dat quod non habet
C) Aboriginal title
D) Res judicata
Answer: C) Aboriginal title
What was the occupation status of the plaintiffs in the Mabo case?

A) Fishermen
B) Farmers
C) Indigenous Australians
D) Teachers
Answer: C) Indigenous Australians
Which Australian state did the Mabo case primarily concern?

A) New South Wales
B) Victoria
C) Queensland
D) South Australia
Answer: C) Queensland
The Mabo Decision overturned which legal doctrine that had previously been used to justify British colonization?

A) Aboriginal rights
B) Native Title
C) Terra Nullius
D) Eminent domain
Answer: C) Terra Nullius
What was the name of the island upon which Eddie Mabo and the other plaintiffs lived?

A) Mornington Island
B) Thursday Island
C) Fraser Island
D) Kangaroo Island
Answer: B) Thursday Island
Which specific section of the Australian Constitution did the Mabo Decision challenge?

A) Section 128
B) Section 25
C) Section 51
D) Section 109
Answer: D) Section 109
What was the duration of Eddie Mabo’s legal battle prior to the High Court’s decision?

A) 5 years
B) 10 years
C) 12 years
D) 15 years
Answer: C) 12 years
Who was the Chief Justice of the High Court at the time of the Mabo Decision?

A) Sir William Deane
B) Sir Anthony Mason
C) Sir Gerard Brennan
D) Sir Harry Gibbs
Answer: C) Sir Gerard Brennan
What was the name of the Queensland legislation that was challenged in the Mabo case?

A) Native Title Act
B) Terra Nullius Act
C) Land Rights Act
D) Queensland Coast Islands Declaratory Act
Answer: D) Queensland Coast Islands Declaratory Act
The Mabo Decision was a significant milestone in which aspect of Australian law?

A) Environmental law
B) Indigenous land rights
C) Criminal law
D) Taxation law
Answer: B) Indigenous land rights
What was the Mabo Decision also known as?

A) Mabo v. Queensland
B) Mabo and Others v. The State of Queensland (No 2)
C) Mabo and Others v. Queensland
D) Mabo and Others v. The Commonwealth
Answer: B) Mabo and Others v. The State of Queensland (No 2)
Which legal principle did the Mabo Decision establish regarding Indigenous land rights?

A) Absolute ownership
B) Native Title
C) Fee simple
D) Escheat
Answer: B) Native Title
How many justices formed the majority decision in the Mabo case?

A) Five
B) Six
C) Seven
D) Eight
Answer: A) Five
What term describes the legal theory that land belonged to no one before British colonization in Australia?

A) Native Title
B) Terra Nullius
C) Freehold
D) Allodial title
Answer: B) Terra Nullius
Who was the barrister who represented Eddie Mabo and his fellow plaintiffs in the High Court?

A) Geoffrey Robertson
B) Bryan Keon-Cohen
C) Julian Burnside
D) Michael Kirby
Answer: B) Bryan Keon-Cohen
What did the Mabo Decision acknowledge about the history of Indigenous Australians?

A) Their exclusion from legal proceedings
B) Their continuous connection to the land
C) Their assimilation into European culture
D) Their nomadic lifestyle
Answer: B) Their continuous connection to the land
What legal concept did the Mabo Decision reject?

A) Eminent domain
B) Crown land
C) Native Title
D) Terra Nullius
Answer: D) Terra Nullius
Which of the following statements accurately describes the impact of the Mabo Decision?

A) It granted immediate land rights to Indigenous Australians.
B) It initiated a process for Indigenous land rights claims.
C) It led to the removal of Indigenous communities from their land.
D) It had no effect on Australian land laws.
Answer: B) It initiated a process for Indigenous land rights claims.
What was the primary basis for the Mabo Decision’s recognition of Indigenous land rights?

A) Historical treaties
B) Native Title doctrine
C) Constitutional amendments
D) Royal decrees
Answer: B) Native Title doctrine
Which Act was subsequently passed by the Australian Parliament in response to the Mabo Decision?

A) Native Title Act 1992
B) Indigenous Rights Act 1994
C) Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983
D) Terra Nullius Repeal Act 1993
Answer: A) Native Title Act 1992
How did the Mabo Decision affect the legal landscape in Australia?

A) It reinforced the doctrine of Terra Nullius.
B) It introduced stricter property laws.
C) It recognized the rights of Indigenous Australians to their land.
D) It restricted access to land for Indigenous communities.
Answer: C) It recognized the rights of Indigenous Australians to their land.
What did the Mabo Decision signify in terms of Australian legal history?

A) It was the first case to involve Indigenous Australians in the High Court.
B) It marked a significant shift in the recognition of Indigenous land rights.
C) It upheld the doctrine of Terra Nullius.
D) It had no substantial impact on land ownership laws.
Answer: B) It marked a significant shift in the recognition of Indigenous land rights.
Which legal doctrine, based on the Mabo Decision, acknowledges Indigenous rights to traditional lands and waters?

A) Native Title
B) Adverse possession
C) Easement
D) Laches
Answer: A) Native Title
How did the Mabo Decision impact Australian property law?

A) It reinforced the concept of Crown ownership.
B) It introduced communal ownership principles.
C) It abolished private land ownership.
D) It recognized Indigenous land rights within the existing legal framework.
Answer: D) It recognized Indigenous land rights within the existing legal framework.
What was the primary rationale behind the High Court’s decision in the Mabo case?

A) Recognition of traditional land tenure systems
B) Promotion of European land ownership models
C) Support for government sovereignty
D) Protection of mining interests
Answer: A) Recognition of traditional land tenure systems
What was the name of the landmark case that was overturned by the Mabo Decision?

A) R v. Murrell
B) Milirrpum v. Nabalco Pty Ltd
C) Cooper v. Stuart
D) R v. Oakes
Answer: C) Cooper v. Stuart
What specific type of land did the Mabo Decision acknowledge Indigenous Australians’ connection to?

A) Urban areas
B) Crown land
C) Pastoral leases
D) Traditional lands
Answer: D) Traditional lands
Which justice dissented in the Mabo case?

A) Justice Brennan
B) Justice Dawson
C) Justice Gaudron
D) Justice Toohey
Answer: B) Justice Dawson
What role did international law play in the Mabo Decision?

A) It was a primary basis for the High Court’s ruling.
B) It had no influence on the decision.
C) It provided guidance but was not binding on the court.
D) It contradicted the principles upheld in international law.
Answer: C) It provided guidance but was not binding on the court.
Which legal principle did the Mabo Decision confirm regarding the acquisition of land in Australia?

A) Doctrine of tenure
B) Doctrine of adverse possession
C) Doctrine of tenure by conquest
D) Doctrine of tenure by purchase
Answer: C) Doctrine of tenure by conquest
What aspect of Australian law did the Mabo Decision notably challenge?

A) Criminal law
B) Constitutional law
C) Property law
D) Family law
Answer: C) Property law
What did the Mabo Decision prompt the Australian government to establish?

A) A Royal Commission on Indigenous Land Rights
B) A National Indigenous Congress
C) A Land Council for Torres Strait Islanders
D) A Native Title Tribunal
Answer: D) A Native Title Tribunal
What was the central argument presented in the Mabo case?

A) Indigenous dispossession
B) Crown sovereignty
C) Aboriginal assimilation
D) Native Title extinguishment
Answer: A) Indigenous dispossession
What specific term describes the legal system that recognized the rights and interests of Indigenous Australians in their traditional lands?

A) Communal ownership
B) Indigenous Title
C) Native Title
D) Sovereignty
Answer: C) Native Title
What did the Mabo Decision emphasize regarding Indigenous land rights?

A) Priority of Crown land ownership
B) Recognition of continuous connection to the land
C) Exclusion of Indigenous rights to coastal areas
D) Extension of pastoral leases
Answer: B) Recognition of continuous connection to the land
What principle did the Mabo Decision establish concerning the extinguishment of Native Title?

A) Permanent extinguishment
B) Extinguishment by legislation

Leave a Comment