Australian Multiculturalism MCQs with Answer

What year did Australia officially adopt the term “multiculturalism” as national policy?
a) 1967
b) 1972
c) 1977
d) 1983
Answer: d) 1983

Which Prime Minister of Australia officially recognized multiculturalism as a policy?
a) Bob Hawke
b) John Howard
c) Gough Whitlam
d) Malcolm Fraser
Answer: d) Malcolm Fraser

Which city in Australia is known for its diverse multicultural population?
a) Melbourne
b) Sydney
c) Perth
d) Brisbane
Answer: a) Melbourne

The Racial Discrimination Act in Australia was passed in which year?
a) 1975
b) 1982
c) 1992
d) 1973
Answer: d) 1973

Which federal government agency is responsible for multicultural affairs in Australia?
a) Department of Immigration and Border Protection
b) Department of Home Affairs
c) Department of Social Services
d) Department of Home Affairs and Multicultural Affairs
Answer: c) Department of Social Services

Which year was the National Agenda for a Multicultural Australia launched?
a) 1989
b) 1995
c) 2000
d) 1982
Answer: a) 1989

Which cultural festival in Australia celebrates the Chinese Lunar New Year?
a) Diwali
b) Pohela Boishakh
c) Tet Festival
d) Eid al-Fitr
Answer: c) Tet Festival

Which group of people were the earliest known inhabitants of Australia?
a) British settlers
b) Aboriginal Australians
c) Chinese immigrants
d) Torres Strait Islanders
Answer: b) Aboriginal Australians

What is the term used for the policy that encourages immigrants to assimilate into Australian culture?
a) Integration
b) Segregation
c) Assimilation
d) Multiculturalism
Answer: c) Assimilation

Which religious festival is widely celebrated across Australia, including by non-Christians?
a) Easter
b) Christmas
c) Hanukkah
d) Diwali
Answer: b) Christmas

What percentage of the Australian population is estimated to speak a language other than English at home?
a) Around 5%
b) Around 15%
c) Around 25%
d) Around 40%
Answer: b) Around 15%

Which region has been a significant source of immigration to Australia in recent years?
a) Europe
b) Asia
c) Africa
d) North America
Answer: b) Asia

What is the primary objective of the Australian Citizenship Test?
a) To test English language proficiency
b) To assess knowledge of Australian history and culture
c) To evaluate job skills
d) To determine financial stability
Answer: b) To assess knowledge of Australian history and culture

Which Australian territory has the highest proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people?
a) Northern Territory
b) Australian Capital Territory
c) Tasmania
d) Queensland
Answer: a) Northern Territory

Which government initiative provides funding to support community groups promoting social cohesion and harmony?
a) Harmony Grants
b) Multicultural Affairs Fund
c) Diversity and Inclusion Program
d) Community Harmony Program
Answer: d) Community Harmony Program

Which government body is responsible for overseeing citizenship applications in Australia?
a) Department of Home Affairs
b) Australian Border Force
c) Department of Immigration and Citizenship
d) National Citizenship Board
Answer: a) Department of Home Affairs

What is the significance of the “Sorry Day” observed in Australia?
a) A day to apologize for past wrongs committed against Indigenous Australians
b) A day to celebrate cultural diversity
c) A day to commemorate Australia’s federation
d) A day dedicated to recognizing ANZAC soldiers
Answer: a) A day to apologize for past wrongs committed against Indigenous Australians

Which Australian state or territory has the highest proportion of its population born overseas?
a) New South Wales
b) Victoria
c) Western Australia
d) Australian Capital Territory
Answer: b) Victoria

What does the term “fair go” signify in Australian culture?
a) Equal opportunities for all
b) Preferential treatment for immigrants
c) Cultural assimilation
d) Selective immigration policies
Answer: a) Equal opportunities for all

What is the significance of the “Mabo Decision” in Australian history?
a) Recognition of Indigenous land rights
b) Establishment of the first multicultural policy
c) A referendum on immigration
d) Declaration of Australia as a republic
Answer: a) Recognition of Indigenous land rights

Which Australian city is known for having a large Greek community?
a) Sydney
b) Melbourne
c) Adelaide
d) Brisbane
Answer: b) Melbourne

Which government program assists refugees and humanitarian entrants with settlement services in Australia?
a) Humanitarian Aid Program
b) Refugee Settlement Program
c) Settlement Grants Program
d) Refugee and Humanitarian Program
Answer: d) Refugee and Humanitarian Program

What is the “Treaty Debate” in Australia primarily about?
a) Indigenous land rights
b) International trade agreements
c) Refugee policies
d) Multilateral agreements
Answer: a) Indigenous land rights

Which group in Australian society faced discriminatory policies under the “White Australia Policy?
a) Indigenous Australians
b) European immigrants
c) Asian immigrants
d) African immigrants
Answer: c) Asian immigrants

What is the name of the government initiative aimed at fostering community harmony through education and awareness programs?
a) Unity in Diversity Scheme
b) Reconciliation Action Plan
c) Harmony Day Program
d) Cultural Integration Initiative
Answer: c) Harmony Day Program

Which Prime Minister delivered the famous “Redfern Speech” addressing Indigenous issues?
a) Paul Keating
b) Kevin Rudd
c) Bob Hawke
d) John Howard
Answer: a) Paul Keating

Which community in Australia has contributed significantly to the country’s agricultural industry?
a) Indian community
b) Italian community
c) Vietnamese community
d) Irish community
Answer: b) Italian community

What is the purpose of the Multicultural Advisory Council in Australia?
a) Develop policies promoting segregation
b) Advise the government on multicultural issues
c) Oversee citizenship applications
d) Promote assimilation of immigrants
Answer: b) Advise the government on multicultural issues

Which Australian state has the highest percentage of its population born in non-English speaking countries?
a) New South Wales
b) Queensland
c) South Australia
d) Western Australia
Answer: a) New South Wales

What is the significance of the “1967 Referendum” in Australia?
a) Recognition of Indigenous Australians in the census
b) Establishment of multicultural policies
c) A vote on Australia becoming a republic
d) Approval of immigration quotas
Answer: a) Recognition of Indigenous Australians in the census

Which cultural group constitutes the largest non-Christian religious affiliation in Australia?
a) Buddhism
b) Hinduism
c) Islam
d) Sikhism
Answer: c) Islam

Which Australian city is famous for its large Italian community?
a) Sydney
b) Melbourne
c) Adelaide
d) Perth
Answer: b) Melbourne

What is the significance of the “Stolen Generations” in Australian history?
a) Forcible removal of Indigenous children from their families
b) Adoption of multicultural policies
c) Creation of refugee programs
d) Establishment of Indigenous schools
Answer: a) Forcible removal of Indigenous children from their families

Which federal agency is responsible for providing support services to new migrants and refugees in Australia?
a) Department of Immigration and Border Protection
b) Department of Home Affairs
c) Department of Social Services
d) Department of Multicultural Affairs
Answer: c) Department of Social Services

Which religious holiday is commonly celebrated among the Jewish community in Australia?
a) Vesak
b) Yom Kippur
c) Holi
d) Ramadan
Answer: b) Yom Kippur

What is the significance of the “National Apology to the Stolen Generations” delivered in 2008?
a) Formal acknowledgment and apology for past government policies
b) Recognition of Indigenous land rights
c) Introduction of multicultural policies
d) Establishment of Indigenous cultural centers
Answer: a) Formal acknowledgment and apology for past government policies

Which community in Australia is known for its significant contribution to the arts and entertainment industry?
a) Lebanese community
b) Vietnamese community
c) Chinese community
d) Greek community
Answer: d) Greek community

What is the significance of the “Harmony Week” celebrated in Australia?
a) Celebrating cultural diversity and promoting inclusiveness
b) A week dedicated to honoring military veterans
c) Recognizing Indigenous history and culture
d) Promoting international trade relations
Answer: a) Celebrating cultural diversity and promoting inclusiveness

Which Australian city has a significant Vietnamese community?
a) Sydney
b) Melbourne
c) Brisbane
d) Adelaide
Answer: a) Sydney

What is the significance of the “Freedom Rides” in Australian history?
a) Campaign against racial discrimination
b) Establishment of multicultural policies
c) Promotion of religious freedom
d) Protests for labor rights
Answer: a) Campaign against racial discrimination

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