Australian Natural Hazards MCQs with Answer

What is the most common natural hazard in Australia?
A) Earthquakes
B) Bushfires
C) Floods
D) Cyclones
Answer: B) Bushfires

Which Australian state is most prone to cyclones?
A) Queensland
B) New South Wales
C) Victoria
D) Western Australia
Answer: A) Queensland

What is the primary cause of bushfires in Australia?
A) Lightning strikes
B) Human activities
C) Volcanic eruptions
D) Earthquakes
Answer: A) Lightning strikes

Which natural hazard is responsible for the formation of the Great Barrier Reef?
A) Cyclones
B) Tsunamis
C) Coral bleaching
D) Rising sea levels
Answer: C) Coral bleaching

What is the term used for a sudden and temporary increase in water flow in a river or creek?
A) Drought
B) Flash flood
C) Storm surge
D) Landslide
Answer: B) Flash flood

Which Australian city is known for its susceptibility to heatwaves?
A) Melbourne
B) Sydney
C) Perth
D) Adelaide
Answer: A) Melbourne

What is the natural hazard associated with the sudden shifting of tectonic plates?
A) Bushfires
B) Earthquakes
C) Cyclones
D) Landslides
Answer: B) Earthquakes

Which of the following is not a common natural hazard in Australia?
A) Tornadoes
B) Hailstorms
C) Volcanic eruptions
D) Sandstorms
Answer: A) Tornadoes

What is the term used for a massive sea wave caused by underwater seismic activity?
A) Tornado
B) Tsunami
C) Cyclone
D) Storm surge
Answer: B) Tsunami

Which natural hazard is characterized by a sudden and violent shaking of the ground?
A) Tsunami
B) Cyclone
C) Earthquake
D) Landslide
Answer: C) Earthquake

What is the term used for a severe snowstorm with strong winds and low visibility?
A) Blizzard
B) Hailstorm
C) Avalanche
D) Ice storm
Answer: A) Blizzard

Which natural hazard is caused by the rapid melting and retreat of glaciers?
A) Ice storm
B) Avalanche
C) Glacier calving
D) Heatwave
Answer: C) Glacier calving

What is the term used for a large and destructive ocean wave caused by underwater volcanic activity?
A) Tsunami
B) Tornado
C) Storm surge
D) Cyclone
Answer: A) Tsunami

Which natural hazard is characterized by a rapid flow of snow, ice, and debris down a mountain slope?
A) Avalanche
B) Landslide
C) Mudslide
D) Earthquake
Answer: A) Avalanche

What is the term used for a rotating column of air in contact with both the surface of the earth and a cumulonimbus cloud?
A) Cyclone
B) Tornado
C) Hurricane
D) Typhoon
Answer: B) Tornado

Which natural hazard is caused by the overflow of water onto normally dry land?
A) Drought
B) Flood
C) Storm surge
D) Heatwave
Answer: B) Flood

What is the term used for a prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall?
A) Flood
B) Drought
C) Heatwave
D) Landslide
Answer: B) Drought

Which natural hazard is caused by the rapid sliding of a large mass of earth or rocks down a slope?
A) Landslide
B) Mudslide
C) Avalanche
D) Earthquake
Answer: A) Landslide

What is the term used for a large mass of snow, ice, and rocks falling rapidly down a mountain slope?
A) Avalanche
B) Landslide
C) Mudslide
D) Glacier calving
Answer: A) Avalanche

Which natural hazard is characterized by a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, often causing buildings and structures to collapse?
A) Earthquake
B) Tornado
C) Cyclone
D) Tsunami
Answer: A) Earthquake

What is the term used for a severe weather condition characterized by low temperatures and heavy snowfall?
A) Blizzard
B) Hailstorm
C) Ice storm
D) Heatwave
Answer: A) Blizzard

Which natural hazard is caused by the rapid movement of a large volume of water into a coastal area, often caused by a storm?
A) Tsunami
B) Storm surge
C) Flood
D) Landslide
Answer: B) Storm surge

What is the term used for a mass movement of a mixture of water, rock, and soil down a slope?
A) Mudslide
B) Landslide
C) Avalanche
D) Glacier calving
Answer: A) Mudslide

Which natural hazard is characterized by a rapid and widespread increase in sea level along a coastline?
A) Tsunami
B) Storm surge
C) Flood
D) Cyclone
Answer: B) Storm surge

What is the term used for a violent, tropical storm with strong winds and heavy rainfall?
A) Hurricane
B) Tornado
C) Typhoon
D) Cyclone
Answer: D) Cyclone

Which natural hazard is caused by the sudden collapse of a large volume of ice into the ocean?
A) Glacier calving
B) Tsunami
C) Ice storm
D) Storm surge
Answer: A) Glacier calving

What is the term used for a large, swirling mass of air with low pressure at the center, typically forming over warm ocean waters?
A) Tornado
B) Hurricane
C) Cyclone
D) Typhoon
Answer: B) Hurricane

Which natural hazard is caused by the rapid movement of a large mass of snow, ice, and debris down a mountain slope?
A) Avalanche
B) Landslide
C) Mudslide
D) Glacier calving
Answer: A) Avalanche

What is the term used for a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, often causing significant damage to buildings and infrastructure?
A) Earthquake
B) Cyclone
C) Tsunami
D) Tornado
Answer: A) Earthquake

Which natural hazard is characterized by a sudden, rapid flow of mud, rocks, and water down a slope?
A) Mudslide
B) Landslide
C) Avalanche
D) Earthquake
Answer: A) Mudslide

What is the term used for a rotating column of air, extending from a thunderstorm to the ground, with destructive winds?
A) Tornado
B) Cyclone
C) Hurricane
D) Typhoon
Answer: A) Tornado

Which natural hazard is caused by the collapse or sudden release of a large volume of ice into the ocean?
A) Glacier calving
B) Tsunami
C) Storm surge
D) Ice storm
Answer: A) Glacier calving

What is the term used for a sudden and intense snowstorm with strong winds and reduced visibility?
A) Blizzard
B) Avalanche
C) Ice storm
D) Hailstorm
Answer: A) Blizzard

Which natural hazard is characterized by the rapid movement of a large volume of water, typically in a river or creek?
A) Flash flood
B) Tsunami
C) Storm surge
D) Flood
Answer: A) Flash flood

What is the term used for a sudden and violent shaking of the ground caused by volcanic activity?
A) Volcanic eruption
B) Earthquake
C) Tsunami
D) Cyclone
Answer: B) Earthquake

Which natural hazard is caused by the rapid movement of a large mass of snow, ice, and debris down a mountain slope?
A) Avalanche
B) Landslide
C) Mudslide
D) Glacier calving
Answer: A) Avalanche

What is the term used for a violent tropical storm with strong winds and heavy rainfall, typically occurring in the western Pacific Ocean?
A) Typhoon
B) Cyclone
C) Hurricane
D) Tornado
Answer: A) Typhoon

Which natural hazard is characterized by a sudden and widespread increase in sea level along a coastline, often caused by a storm?
A) Tsunami
B) Storm surge
C) Flood
D) Cyclone
Answer: B) Storm surge

What is the term used for a sudden and intense snowstorm with strong winds and reduced visibility?
A) Blizzard
B) Avalanche
C) Ice storm
D) Hailstorm
Answer: A) Blizzard

Which natural hazard is caused by the sudden movement of a large volume of water, often in a river or creek?
A) Flash flood
B) Tsunami
C) Storm surge
D) Flood
Answer: A) Flash flood

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