Australian Political Ethics MCQs with Answer

Which principle of political ethics emphasizes transparency in government decision-making?

A) Accountability
B) Integrity
C) Transparency
D) Responsibility
Answer: C) Transparency
What is the term used to describe the situation where a public official uses their position for personal gain?

A) Nepotism
B) Corruption
C) Patronage
D) Embezzlement
Answer: B) Corruption
Which ethical principle refers to the duty of politicians to fulfill promises made during election campaigns?

A) Justice
B) Honesty
C) Fidelity
D) Fairness
Answer: C) Fidelity
What is the term for the practice of favoring relatives or close friends in political appointments or decision-making?

A) Cronyism
B) Bribery
C) Favoritism
D) Collusion
Answer: A) Cronyism
Which ethical principle focuses on ensuring that policies benefit all members of society fairly?

A) Equality
B) Utilitarianism
C) Equity
D) Liberty
Answer: C) Equity
In political ethics, what does the term “whistleblowing” refer to?

A) Illicit campaign funding
B) Reporting misconduct or wrongdoing within the government
C) Secret negotiations between politicians
D) Unauthorized disclosure of state secrets
Answer: B) Reporting misconduct or wrongdoing within the government
Which principle of political ethics emphasizes the obligation of politicians to act in the best interest of the public?

A) Integrity
B) Altruism
C) Public interest
D) Accountability
Answer: C) Public interest
What does the term “conflict of interest” imply in the realm of political ethics?

A) A disagreement between political parties
B) A situation where a politician’s personal interests conflict with their public duties
C) A dispute between government branches
D) An ethical dilemma in policy-making
Answer: B) A situation where a politician’s personal interests conflict with their public duties
Which ethical principle focuses on providing equal opportunities and resources for all citizens?

A) Egalitarianism
B) Meritocracy
C) Solidarity
D) Justice
Answer: A) Egalitarianism
What is the term for the deliberate spreading of false information to damage the reputation of a political opponent?

A) Slander
B) Libel
C) Defamation
D) Smear campaign
Answer: D) Smear campaign
Which ethical principle highlights the importance of honesty and truthfulness in political actions and statements?

A) Veracity
B) Sincerity
C) Authenticity
D) Candor
Answer: A) Veracity
What does the term “lobbying” refer to in political ethics?

A) Coercing political opponents
B) Persuading legislators to influence policy decisions
C) Engaging in political debates
D) Initiating public petitions
Answer: B) Persuading legislators to influence policy decisions
Which principle of political ethics emphasizes the duty of politicians to explain and justify their decisions?

A) Transparency
B) Openness
C) Justification
D) Accountability
Answer: D) Accountability
In the context of political ethics, what does the term “due process” mean?

A) Prompt decision-making by politicians
B) Fair treatment and legal procedures for all individuals
C) Special privileges for elected officials
D) Judicial review of legislative actions
Answer: B) Fair treatment and legal procedures for all individuals
What is the term for the act of using one’s position of power to punish or threaten political opponents?

A) Coercion
B) Intimidation
C) Oppression
D) Retaliation
Answer: B) Intimidation
Which ethical principle focuses on treating all individuals with impartiality and without discrimination?

A) Fairness
B) Impartiality
C) Neutrality
D) Non-discrimination
Answer: D) Non-discrimination
What term describes the practice of intentionally avoiding making decisions or taking actions on important issues?

A) Procrastination
B) Indecisiveness
C) Stalling
D) Strategic waiting
Answer: A) Procrastination
Which ethical principle emphasizes the obligation to prevent harm to others in political decision-making?

A) Non-maleficence
B) Harm prevention
C) Benevolence
D) Primum non nocere
Answer: A) Non-maleficence
What is the term used to describe the act of using emotionally charged language to manipulate public opinion?

A) Propaganda
B) Persuasion
C) Rhetoric
D) Spin doctoring
Answer: A) Propaganda
Which ethical principle emphasizes the fair distribution of benefits and burdens in society?

A) Distributive justice
B) Reciprocity
C) Commutative justice
D) Social equity
Answer: A) Distributive justice
What does the term “gerrymandering” refer to in the context of political ethics?

A) Manipulating district boundaries to favor a political party
B) Voter suppression tactics
C) Unauthorized campaign funding
D) Political canvassing strategies
Answer: A) Manipulating district boundaries to favor a political party
Which ethical principle emphasizes the duty to fulfill promises and obligations in political agreements?

A) Reliability
B) Contractualism
C) Commitment
D) Promise-keeping
Answer: A) Reliability
What is the term for the use of government resources or funds for personal benefit?

A) Misappropriation
B) Diversion
C) Exploitation
D) Self-enrichment
Answer: A) Misappropriation
In political ethics, what is meant by the “revolving door” phenomenon?

A) Continuous shifts in public opinion
B) Frequent changes in government leadership
C) Movement of individuals between government positions and private-sector jobs
D) Political instability in a region
Answer: C) Movement of individuals between government positions and private-sector jobs
Which ethical principle emphasizes the importance of being accountable for one’s actions and decisions?

A) Responsibility
B) Answerability
C) Liability
D) Blameworthiness
Answer: A) Responsibility
What is the term for the act of intentionally misleading the public by manipulating information or statistics?

A) Disinformation
B) Misinformation
C) Deception
D) Fabrication
Answer: A) Disinformation
Which ethical principle focuses on maintaining confidentiality and respecting privacy in political contexts?

A) Privacy
B) Confidentiality
C) Secrecy
D) Non-disclosure
Answer: A) Privacy
What term describes the act of using one’s political power to obstruct or delay legislative processes?

A) Obstructionism
B) Sabotage
C) Impediment
D) Hindrance
Answer: A) Obstructionism
Which ethical principle emphasizes the importance of ensuring that individuals have the right to participate in political decision-making?

A) Political participation
B) Civic engagement
C) Democracy
D) Inclusivity
Answer: C) Democracy
What is the term for the act of deliberately violating laws or regulations by those in power?

A) Lawlessness
B) Transgression
C) Malfeasance
D) Non-compliance
Answer: C) Malfeasance
Which ethical principle emphasizes the importance of keeping promises and honoring commitments in political relationships?

A) Trustworthiness
B) Fidelity
C) Loyalty
D) Devotion
Answer: B) Fidelity
In the context of political ethics, what does the term “nepotism” refer to?

A) Hiring individuals based on qualifications
B) Giving preferential treatment to relatives in appointments or jobs
C) Fair distribution of resources among citizens
D) Implementing merit-based systems
Answer: B) Giving preferential treatment to relatives in appointments or jobs
Which ethical principle emphasizes the fair and just distribution of power within a political system?

A) Power sharing
B) Justice
C) Equal representation
D) Empowerment
Answer: B) Justice
What term describes the use of emotionally charged language to appeal to people’s prejudices and emotions in political discourse?

A) Emotional rhetoric
B) Dog-whistle politics
C) Manipulative language
D) Psychological persuasion
Answer: B) Dog-whistle politics
In the context of political ethics, what does the term “impartiality” refer to?

A) Fairness in decision-making without bias or favoritism
B) Non-participation in political activities
C) Transparency in government operations
D) Equal distribution of resources among citizens
Answer: A) Fairness in decision-making without bias or favoritism
Which ethical principle emphasizes the obligation to protect the rights and dignity of all individuals?

A) Human rights
B) Dignity preservation
C) Respect
D) Universal rights
Answer: A) Human rights
What is the term for the act of using fear tactics or intimidation to influence political decisions?

A) Fear-mongering
B) Coercive persuasion
C) Intimidation tactics
D) Manipulative fear
Answer: A) Fear-mongering
Which ethical principle emphasizes the importance of fair and equal treatment in political processes and outcomes?

A) Equality
B) Fairness
C) Equitability
D) Parity
Answer: B) Fairness
In the context of political ethics, what is meant by “political patronage”?

A) Support for political parties
B) Granting favors or positions to supporters or allies
C) Implementing policies for societal welfare
D) Encouraging public engagement in politics

Leave a Comment