Australian Political History MCQs with Answer

Who was the first Prime Minister of Australia?

A) Robert Menzies
B) Alfred Deakin
C) Edmund Barton
D) Billy Hughes
Answer: C) Edmund Barton
When was the Commonwealth of Australia officially formed?

A) 1900
B) 1901
C) 1902
D) 1903
Answer: B) 1901
Who led the Labor Party to its first federal election victory in 1904?

A) Andrew Fisher
B) John Curtin
C) Billy Hughes
D) James Scullin
Answer: A) Andrew Fisher
What year did Australia grant women the right to vote federally?

A) 1899
B) 1902
C) 1908
D) 1911
Answer: B) 1902
The “White Australia Policy” was primarily aimed at:

A) Promoting multiculturalism
B) Encouraging immigration from Asia
C) Restricting non-European immigration
D) Fostering racial equality
Answer: C) Restricting non-European immigration
Which Australian Prime Minister served the longest continuous term in office?

A) John Howard
B) Robert Menzies
C) Malcolm Fraser
D) Bob Hawke
Answer: B) Robert Menzies
The referendum to decide whether Australia would become a republic was held in:

A) 1996
B) 1999
C) 2001
D) 2003
Answer: B) 1999
Who was the first female Prime Minister of Australia?

A) Julia Gillard
B) Pauline Hanson
C) Julie Bishop
D) Gough Whitlam
Answer: A) Julia Gillard
Which Prime Minister was responsible for implementing universal healthcare in Australia?

A) John Howard
B) Bob Hawke
C) Tony Abbott
D) Malcolm Turnbull
Answer: B) Bob Hawke
The Indigenous Australians were granted the right to vote in federal elections in:

A) 1949
B) 1962
C) 1967
D) 1971
Answer: C) 1967
Which party did John Curtin represent when he became Prime Minister in 1941?

A) Labor Party
B) Liberal Party
C) United Australia Party
D) Country Party
Answer: A) Labor Party
The “Dismissal” refers to the controversial removal of which Prime Minister from office?

A) Gough Whitlam
B) Bob Hawke
C) Malcolm Fraser
D) Kevin Rudd
Answer: A) Gough Whitlam
Who was the first Australian Prime Minister to lose his own seat in an election?

A) Kevin Rudd
B) Tony Abbott
C) Stanley Bruce
D) John Howard
Answer: B) Stanley Bruce
Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War officially began during the Prime Ministership of:

A) John Gorton
B) Harold Holt
C) William McMahon
D) Robert Menzies
Answer: D) Robert Menzies
The High Court decision in the “Mabo Case” recognized the concept of:

A) Universal suffrage
B) Native title
C) Equal pay for women
D) Freedom of speech
Answer: B) Native title
Which Prime Minister famously declared “Advance Australia Fair” as the national anthem in 1984?

A) Bob Hawke
B) Malcolm Fraser
C) Gough Whitlam
D) Paul Keating
Answer: D) Paul Keating
The “Pacific Solution” was a policy related to which issue in Australian politics?

A) Climate change
B) Indigenous rights
C) Asylum seekers
D) Foreign trade agreements
Answer: C) Asylum seekers
Who was the first Australian Prime Minister to publicly apologize to the Indigenous population?

A) Kevin Rudd
B) Julia Gillard
C) Tony Abbott
D) Malcolm Turnbull
Answer: A) Kevin Rudd
Which Australian state was the first to grant women the right to vote in 1894?

A) Victoria
B) New South Wales
C) South Australia
D) Queensland
Answer: C) South Australia
The Australian Labor Party (ALP) was formed with the objective of representing the interests of:

A) Trade unions and workers
B) Big businesses and corporations
C) Religious organizations
D) Wealthy landowners
Answer: A) Trade unions and workers
Who was the Prime Minister responsible for introducing the Goods and Services Tax (GST) in Australia?

A) John Howard
B) Bob Hawke
C) Paul Keating
D) Malcolm Turnbull
Answer: A) John Howard
The “Children Overboard” affair occurred during the Prime Ministership of:

A) John Howard
B) Paul Keating
C) Bob Hawke
D) Malcolm Fraser
Answer: A) John Howard
Who was the Prime Minister when Australia hosted the Sydney Olympic Games in 2000?

A) Paul Keating
B) John Howard
C) Kevin Rudd
D) Julia Gillard
Answer: B) John Howard
Which Prime Minister introduced the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS)?

A) Julia Gillard
B) Tony Abbott
C) Malcolm Turnbull
D) Kevin Rudd
Answer: A) Julia Gillard
Who was the only Australian Prime Minister to serve in both the 19th and 20th centuries?

A) Edmund Barton
B) Alfred Deakin
C) Billy Hughes
D) Joseph Cook
Answer: C) Billy Hughes
The “Snowy Mountains Scheme” was a significant infrastructure project initiated during the Prime Ministership of:

A) Robert Menzies
B) Ben Chifley
C) John Gorton
D) Harold Holt
Answer: B) Ben Chifley
Which Prime Minister implemented the policy known as “Asia-Pacific Focus” in Australian foreign affairs?

A) Malcolm Fraser
B) Paul Keating
C) Bob Hawke
D) Kevin Rudd
Answer: D) Kevin Rudd
Which political party was formed by a merger between the Liberal Party and the National Party in 1988?

A) Australian Greens
B) Australian Democrats
C) One Nation
D) Coalition
Answer: D) Coalition
Who was the Prime Minister responsible for initiating the “Apology to the Stolen Generations” in 2008?

A) Julia Gillard
B) Kevin Rudd
C) Tony Abbott
D) Malcolm Turnbull
Answer: B) Kevin Rudd
The “Eureka Stockade” rebellion took place in which Australian state?

A) Victoria
B) New South Wales
C) Queensland
D) Western Australia
Answer: A) Victoria
Who was the Prime Minister during the global financial crisis (GFC) of 2008-2009?

A) Julia Gillard
B) Kevin Rudd
C) Tony Abbott
D) Malcolm Turnbull
Answer: B) Kevin Rudd
The “Kirribilli Agreement” involved a power-sharing arrangement between which two political leaders?

A) Bob Hawke and Paul Keating
B) Kevin Rudd and Julia Gillard
C) John Howard and Peter Costello
D) Malcolm Fraser and Andrew Peacock
Answer: C) John Howard and Peter Costello
Which Prime Minister introduced the National Broadband Network (NBN) project?

A) Tony Abbott
B) Julia Gillard
C) Malcolm Turnbull
D) Kevin Rudd
Answer: B) Julia Gillard
Who was the Prime Minister when Australia sent troops to Iraq in 2003?

A) John Howard
B) Kevin Rudd
C) Julia Gillard
D) Tony Abbott
Answer: A) John Howard
The “Hawke-Keating Economic Reforms” aimed to:

A) Nationalize industries
B) Privatize industries
C) Increase government spending
D) Implement protectionist policies
Answer: B) Privatize industries
Which Prime Minister faced a leadership spill in 2010 but retained the leadership by one vote?

A) Julia Gillard
B) Kevin Rudd
C) Tony Abbott
D) Malcolm Turnbull
Answer: A) Julia Gillard
The introduction of the “Medicare” system occurred during the tenure of which Prime Minister?

A) Gough Whitlam
B) Malcolm Fraser
C) Bob Hawke
D) Paul Keating
Answer: C) Bob Hawke
Who was the Prime Minister when Australia ratified the Kyoto Protocol in 2007?

A) John Howard
B) Kevin Rudd
C) Julia Gillard
D) Tony Abbott
Answer: B) Kevin Rudd
The “Northern Territory Intervention” was implemented primarily to address issues related to:

A) Indigenous rights
B) Climate change
C) Economic recession
D) Foreign policy
Answer: A) Indigenous rights
Which Prime Minister is associated with the phrase “I did but see her passing by” during a televised interview?

A) Malcolm Turnbull
B) Tony Abbott
C) Bob Hawke
D) Kevin Rudd
Answer: A) Malcolm Turnbull

Leave a Comment