Australian Snowy Mountains Scheme MCQs with Answer

When was the Snowy Mountains Scheme officially completed?

a) 1950
b) 1960
c) 1970
d) 1980
Answer: b) 1960
Which river system was significantly altered due to the Snowy Mountains Scheme?

a) Murray-Darling
b) Yarra
c) Murrumbidgee
d) Hunter
Answer: a) Murray-Darling
Who was the Prime Minister responsible for initiating the Snowy Mountains Scheme?

a) Robert Menzies
b) Ben Chifley
c) John Curtin
d) Gough Whitlam
Answer: b) Ben Chifley
The Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Scheme primarily aimed to:

a) Generate electricity
b) Build roads
c) Develop agricultural land
d) Expand urban areas
Answer: a) Generate electricity
Which three Australian states were involved in the Snowy Mountains Scheme?

a) New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland
b) New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia
c) New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia
d) New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia
Answer: d) New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia
What was the primary purpose of diverting water through tunnels in the Snowy Mountains Scheme?

a) Irrigation
b) Electricity generation
c) Flood prevention
d) Wildlife preservation
Answer: b) Electricity generation
The Snowy Mountains Scheme employed a significant number of workers, reaching its peak with how many workers?

a) Around 2,000
b) Around 5,000
c) Around 10,000
d) Around 15,000
Answer: d) Around 15,000
What was the total length of tunnels constructed as part of the Snowy Mountains Scheme?

a) Approximately 80 km
b) Approximately 100 km
c) Approximately 140 km
d) Approximately 180 km
Answer: c) Approximately 140 km
Which mountain range did the Snowy Mountains Scheme primarily focus on?

a) Blue Mountains
b) Australian Alps
c) Great Dividing Range
d) Flinders Ranges
Answer: b) Australian Alps
The Snowy Mountains Scheme introduced significant cultural diversity due to the employment of workers from various countries. Which nationality made up the largest workforce?

a) Italian
b) Chinese
c) Greek
d) Polish
Answer: a) Italian
The Snowy Mountains Scheme diverts water from rivers to generate hydroelectric power through the use of:

a) Turbines
b) Pumps
c) Dams
d) Solar panels
Answer: a) Turbines
Which was the longest tunnel constructed as part of the Snowy Mountains Scheme?

a) Tumut 1
b) Tumut 2
c) Murray 1
d) Murray 2
Answer: d) Murray 2
The Snowy Mountains Scheme significantly increased water supply for:

a) Urban areas
b) Agricultural regions
c) Industrial centers
d) Mining sites
Answer: a) Urban areas
Which river was not a part of the diverted water system in the Snowy Mountains Scheme?

a) Snowy River
b) Tumut River
c) Murrumbidgee River
d) Murray River
Answer: a) Snowy River
What percentage of the total workforce comprised skilled immigrants in the Snowy Mountains Scheme?

a) Approximately 10%
b) Approximately 25%
c) Approximately 40%
d) Approximately 60%
Answer: c) Approximately 40%
The Snowy Mountains Scheme contributed significantly to the Australian economy by:

a) Boosting tourism
b) Enhancing agriculture
c) Providing employment
d) Developing fisheries
Answer: c) Providing employment
Which city greatly benefited from the water supply due to the Snowy Mountains Scheme?

a) Sydney
b) Melbourne
c) Brisbane
d) Adelaide
Answer: a) Sydney
The Snowy Mountains Scheme involved the construction of how many dams?

a) 3
b) 7
c) 10
d) 15
Answer: b) 7
The Snowy Mountains Scheme primarily aims to regulate:

a) Forests
b) Rivers
c) Mountains
d) Grasslands
Answer: b) Rivers
The Snowy Mountains Scheme helped to establish which important industry in Australia?

a) Fishing
b) Logging
c) Hydroelectric power generation
d) Mining
Answer: c) Hydroelectric power generation
What was the estimated cost of the Snowy Mountains Scheme when it was completed?

a) $500 million
b) $1 billion
c) $2 billion
d) $5 billion
Answer: b) $1 billion
Which country significantly contributed to the skilled labor force involved in the Snowy Mountains Scheme?

a) China
b) Italy
c) Germany
d) United Kingdom
Answer: b) Italy
The Snowy Mountains Scheme aimed to prevent which natural disaster in the region?

a) Drought
b) Wildfires
c) Floods
d) Earthquakes
Answer: c) Floods
What was the primary function of the Tumut 3 Power Station within the Snowy Mountains Scheme?

a) Irrigation
b) Electricity generation
c) Flood control
d) Water purification
Answer: b) Electricity generation
Which environmental concern arose due to the construction of the Snowy Mountains Scheme?

a) Deforestation
b) Soil erosion
c) Marine pollution
d) Air pollution
Answer: b) Soil erosion
The Snowy Mountains Scheme diverted water to which regions for agricultural purposes?

a) Riverina and Mallee
b) Barossa Valley
c) Hunter Valley
d) Kimberley and Pilbara
Answer: a) Riverina and Mallee
The Snowy Mountains Scheme is known for being one of the largest _____ projects in Australia.

a) Mining
b) Engineering
c) Agricultural
d) Tourism
Answer: b) Engineering
The Snowy Mountains Scheme is operated and managed by which Australian governmental body?

a) Snowy Mountains Engineering Corporation
b) Snowy Hydro Limited
c) Australian Water Authority
d) National Energy Commission
Answer: b) Snowy Hydro Limited
The Snowy Mountains Scheme faced opposition due to concerns related to:

a) Indigenous rights
b) Wildlife preservation
c) Environmental impact
d) Economic instability
Answer: c) Environmental impact
The Snowy Mountains Scheme infrastructure primarily includes:

a) Railways
b) Highways
c) Tunnels and dams
d) Airports
Answer: c) Tunnels and dams
Which river was the starting point for the Snowy Mountains Scheme’s water diversion system?

a) Snowy River
b) Murray River
c) Tumut River
d) Murrumbidgee River
Answer: a) Snowy River
The Snowy Mountains Scheme played a crucial role in providing _____ for Australia’s agricultural needs.

a) Water security
b) Fertilizers
c) Pesticides
d) Livestock
Answer: a) Water security
What was the primary purpose of the Adaminaby Dam within the Snowy Mountains Scheme?

a) Hydroelectric power generation
b) Flood control
c) Water storage
d) Irrigation
Answer: c) Water storage
Which Australian city lies closest to the Snowy Mountains?

a) Canberra
b) Sydney
c) Melbourne
d) Brisbane
Answer: a) Canberra
The Snowy Mountains Scheme transformed the landscape through the construction of _____.

a) Dams and reservoirs
b) Forests and parks
c) Skyscrapers
d) Mines and quarries
Answer: a) Dams and reservoirs
Which environmental impact was not a direct consequence of the Snowy Mountains Scheme?

a) Altered river ecosystems
b) Displacement of wildlife
c) Increased air pollution
d) Soil erosion
Answer: c) Increased air pollution
The Snowy Mountains Scheme diverts water from _____ to generate hydroelectric power.

a) Valleys
b) Lakes
c) Rivers
d) Glaciers
Answer: c) Rivers
Which ethnic group made up a significant portion of the workforce during the construction of the Snowy Mountains Scheme?

a) Aboriginal Australians
b) Chinese Australians
c) European Australians
d) Pacific Islanders
Answer: b) Chinese Australians
The Snowy Mountains Scheme mainly focuses on harnessing _____ to generate electricity.

a) Solar energy
b) Wind energy
c) Hydro energy
d) Nuclear energy
Answer: c) Hydro energy
The Snowy Mountains Scheme has been hailed as a symbol of _____ and _____ cooperation.

a) Environmental, economic
b) Political, social
c) International, domestic
d) Engineering, multicultural
Answer: d) Engineering, multicultural

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