Australian Tasmanian Aboriginal History MCQs with Answer

What was the primary mode of subsistence for Tasmanian Aboriginals?
A) Agriculture
B) Hunting and Gathering
C) Fishing
D) Trading
Answer: B) Hunting and Gathering

Who was the first European explorer to sight Tasmania?
A) James Cook
B) Abel Tasman
C) William Dampier
D) Ferdinand Magellan
Answer: B) Abel Tasman

Which disease significantly contributed to the decline of the Tasmanian Aboriginal population post-contact with Europeans?
A) Measles
B) Smallpox
C) Influenza
D) Tuberculosis
Answer: B) Smallpox

What was the approximate population of Tasmanian Aboriginals before European settlement?
A) 10,000-20,000
B) 50,000-70,000
C) 5,000-7,000
D) 100,000-120,000
Answer: A) 10,000-20,000

Which British governor issued the so-called “Black Line” in an attempt to capture Tasmanian Aboriginals?
A) Arthur Phillip
B) George Arthur
C) Lachlan Macquarie
D) Philip Gidley King
Answer: B) George Arthur

What was the name of the last full-blooded Tasmanian Aboriginal woman?
A) Fanny Cochrane Smith
B) Truganini
C) Wurati
D) Mannalargenna
Answer: B) Truganini

Which year is generally considered as the year of the “Black War” in Tasmania?
A) 1804-1808
B) 1830-1835
C) 1820-1824
D) 1840-1845
Answer: B) 1830-1835

What was the impact of the British colonisation on Tasmanian Aboriginal languages?
A) No impact
B) Nearly all languages became extinct
C) Languages were preserved and widely spoken
D) Languages merged with English
Answer: B) Nearly all languages became extinct

What was the purpose of the Flinders Island settlement in Tasmania?
A) To provide education for Aboriginal children
B) To segregate and “civilize” the remaining Tasmanian Aboriginals
C) To establish a trading post
D) To build a military outpost
Answer: B) To segregate and “civilize” the remaining Tasmanian Aboriginals

Who was the British explorer credited with the first European landing in Tasmania?
A) William Bligh
B) James Cook
C) Matthew Flinders
D) Abel Tasman
Answer: D) Abel Tasman

Which Tasmanian Aboriginal leader worked towards reconciliation and was a mediator between settlers and Aboriginals?
A) Mannalargenna
B) Truganini
C) Wurati
D) Eumarrah
Answer: A) Mannalargenna

What was the impact of European contact on Tasmanian Aboriginal culture?
A) Preservation and enrichment
B) Near-total destruction
C) Minimal changes
D) Assimilation into European culture
Answer: B) Near-total destruction

Which colonial figure is often associated with efforts to protect Tasmanian Aboriginals and their rights?
A) John Batman
B) John Franklin
C) George Augustus Robinson
D) William Lanne
Answer: C) George Augustus Robinson

What was the primary reason behind the conflicts between European settlers and Tasmanian Aboriginals?
A) Land disputes
B) Religious differences
C) Trade disagreements
D) Language barriers
Answer: A) Land disputes

Who led the forced relocation of Tasmanian Aboriginals to Flinders Island?
A) George Arthur
B) George Robinson
C) James Cook
D) John Franklin
Answer: B) George Robinson

What was the name of the official policy responsible for the removal of Aboriginal children from their families?
A) Integration Policy
B) Stolen Generations
C) Protection Policy
D) Assimilation Policy
Answer: B) Stolen Generations

Which European explorer circumnavigated Tasmania and proved it was an island?
A) Matthew Flinders
B) James Cook
C) William Dampier
D) Abel Tasman
Answer: A) Matthew Flinders

What were the repercussions of the Black War on the Tasmanian Aboriginal population?
A) Significant reduction in population due to violence and disease
B) Significant increase in population due to alliances with settlers
C) No impact on population
D) Migration to other regions
Answer: A) Significant reduction in population due to violence and disease

Who was the Governor of Tasmania when the last known Tasmanian Aboriginal died?
A) George Arthur
B) John Franklin
C) Lachlan Macquarie
D) Philip Gidley King
Answer: A) George Arthur

What was the primary cause of the eventual extinction of Tasmanian Aboriginals?
A) Violent conflicts with settlers
B) Introduction of diseases
C) Loss of cultural identity
D) Forced relocations
Answer: B) Introduction of diseases

Who was the colonial official responsible for the capture and transfer of Aboriginal people to Flinders Island?
A) George Augustus Robinson
B) William Lanne
C) James Cook
D) John Batman
Answer: A) George Augustus Robinson

Which of these was NOT a Tasmanian Aboriginal language group?
A) Palawa
B) Mouheneener
C) Pyemmairre
D) Gundungurra
Answer: D) Gundungurra

Who was the Tasmanian Aboriginal woman who became known for her efforts to preserve Aboriginal culture and language?
A) Truganini
B) Fanny Cochrane Smith
C) Mannalargenna
D) Wurati
Answer: B) Fanny Cochrane Smith

Which colonial figure played a crucial role in the capture of Truganini, the last full-blooded Tasmanian Aboriginal?
A) George Robinson
B) George Augustus Robinson
C) John Batman
D) George Arthur
Answer: B) George Augustus Robinson

What was the main reason behind the decline of the Tasmanian Aboriginal population after European settlement?
A) Wars between Aboriginal groups
B) Introduction of new technologies
C) Spread of diseases
D) Natural disasters
Answer: C) Spread of diseases

Which year did the last known full-blooded Tasmanian Aboriginal, Truganini, die?
A) 1885
B) 1904
C) 1876
D) 1912
Answer: D) 1912

What was the impact of the introduction of European livestock on Tasmanian Aboriginals?
A) Improved hunting opportunities
B) Decrease in available resources
C) Cultural enrichment
D) No impact
Answer: B) Decrease in available resources

Which colonial figure is known for his violent approach towards Tasmanian Aboriginals?
A) George Robinson
B) John Batman
C) George Arthur
D) George Augustus Robinson
Answer: C) George Arthur

What did the Tasmanian Aboriginals call their land before the European settlement?
A) Van Diemen’s Land
B) New Holland
C) Trowenna
D) Eora
Answer: C) Trowenna

Who led the ‘Friendly Mission’ to establish contact and peaceful relations with Tasmanian Aboriginals?
A) George Arthur
B) George Robinson
C) John Franklin
D) George Augustus Robinson
Answer: D) George Augustus Robinson

Which naturalist sailed with Captain Cook and was involved in documenting Tasmanian Aboriginals and their way of life?
A) Charles Darwin
B) Joseph Banks
C) Alfred Russel Wallace
D) David Attenborough
Answer: B) Joseph Banks

Which Tasmanian Aboriginal leader was known for his resistance against European settlement?
A) Truganini
B) Mannalargenna
C) Wurati
D) Fanny Cochrane Smith
Answer: B) Mannalargenna

Which of the following was NOT a consequence of the colonization of Tasmania for the Aboriginal population?
A) Loss of land and displacement
B) Introduction of advanced tools and technology
C) Spread of diseases leading to population decline
D) Forced removals and relocations
Answer: B) Introduction of advanced tools and technology

Which Tasmanian Aboriginal leader was captured and exiled to Flinders Island?
A) Wurati
B) Truganini
C) Mannalargenna
D) Fanny Cochrane Smith
Answer: C) Mannalargenna

What was the name given by the British to the last surviving Tasmanian Aboriginal group?
A) Black War Survivors
B) Friendly Aborigines
C) Van Diemen’s Landers
D) Flinders Islanders
Answer: B) Friendly Aborigines

Which European settlement became the primary hub for interactions between Tasmanian Aboriginals and settlers?
A) Hobart
B) Launceston
C) Port Arthur
D) Swansea
Answer: A) Hobart

Who was the Governor of Tasmania when the first European settlement was established?
A) George Arthur
B) John Franklin
C) Lachlan Macquarie
D) Philip Gidley King
Answer: D) Philip Gidley King

Which Tasmanian Aboriginal leader was known for her resistance to European invasion?
A) Fanny Cochrane Smith
B) Truganini
C) Wurati
D) Mannalargenna
Answer: B) Truganini

Which colonial official was involved in the negotiations leading to the Treaty of Woodbridge?
A) George Augustus Robinson
B) George Arthur
C) John Batman
D) William Lanne
Answer: A) George Augustus Robinson

Which disease devastated the Tasmanian Aboriginal population shortly after European contact?
A) Cholera
B) Smallpox
C) Malaria
D) Typhoid fever
Answer: B) Smallpox

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