Australian World War I MCQs with Answer

Which year did World War I begin?
a) 1914
b) 1915
c) 1916
d) 1917
Answer: a) 1914

What was the name given to the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps in World War I?
a) ANZAC
b) AIF
c) ACI
d) ANC
Answer: a) ANZAC

Which significant battle in 1915 reinforced the ANZAC legend during World War I?
a) Battle of the Somme
b) Battle of Gallipoli
c) Battle of Verdun
d) Battle of Tannenberg
Answer: b) Battle of Gallipoli

Who was the British General in command of the ANZAC forces at Gallipoli?
a) Winston Churchill
b) Douglas Haig
c) John Monash
d) William Birdwood
Answer: d) William Birdwood

Which famous military leader served as the Minister of Defence in Australia during World War I?
a) John Monash
b) William Hughes
c) Keith Murdoch
d) Andrew Fisher
Answer: b) William Hughes

Which major offensive on the Western Front involved the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) in 1916?
a) Battle of Passchendaele
b) Battle of the Marne
c) Battle of the Somme
d) Battle of Ypres
Answer: c) Battle of the Somme

At which battle did Australian troops first see action on the Western Front in 1916?
a) Battle of Messines
b) Battle of Vimy Ridge
c) Battle of Cambrai
d) Battle of Amiens
Answer: a) Battle of Messines

Who was the Prime Minister of Australia during the majority of World War I?
a) Billy Hughes
b) Andrew Fisher
c) Joseph Cook
d) Stanley Bruce
Answer: a) Billy Hughes

What was the name of the peace treaty that officially ended World War I?
a) Treaty of Versailles
b) Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
c) Treaty of Trianon
d) Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye
Answer: a) Treaty of Versailles

Which Australian state was the birthplace of John Monash, a prominent military leader in World War I?
a) New South Wales
b) Victoria
c) Queensland
d) South Australia
Answer: b) Victoria

The Battle of Fromelles, in 1916, was the first major battle involving which Australian division on the Western Front?
a) 2nd Division
b) 3rd Division
c) 4th Division
d) 5th Division
Answer: c) 4th Division

In 1917, which location did Australian forces capture after fierce fighting, marking a significant victory on the Western Front?
a) Bullecourt
b) Fromelles
c) Hamel
d) Passchendaele
Answer: c) Hamel

What was the name of the famous battle in 1917 where Australian troops suffered heavy casualties in Belgium?
a) Battle of Amiens
b) Battle of Passchendaele
c) Battle of Messines
d) Battle of Menin Road
Answer: b) Battle of Passchendaele

What was the name of the last major German offensive on the Western Front in 1918 that threatened Paris?
a) Operation Michael
b) Operation Georgette
c) Operation Gneisenau
d) Operation Ludendorff
Answer: a) Operation Michael

In 1918, during which battle did the Australian Corps achieve a decisive victory, heralding the end of the war on the Western Front?
a) Battle of Hamel
b) Battle of Passchendaele
c) Battle of Amiens
d) Battle of Bullecourt
Answer: c) Battle of Amiens

Which Australian soldier was awarded the Victoria Cross for his bravery during the Battle of Hamel in 1918?
a) Albert Jacka
b) John Monash
c) Henry Dalziel
d) Percy Black
Answer: a) Albert Jacka

Which battle in 1918 was the last major offensive launched by Germany on the Western Front?
a) Battle of Cambrai
b) Battle of the Marne
c) Battle of Amiens
d) Battle of the Hindenburg Line
Answer: d) Battle of the Hindenburg Line

What was the name of the British offensive that commenced on August 8, 1918, in which Australian troops played a significant role?
a) Operation Georgette
b) Operation Michael
c) Battle of Amiens
d) Battle of the Hindenburg Line
Answer: c) Battle of Amiens

Which Australian state provided the highest number of volunteers for World War I?
a) New South Wales
b) Victoria
c) Queensland
d) South Australia
Answer: a) New South Wales

What was the approximate total number of Australian casualties during World War I?
a) 200,000
b) 300,000
c) 400,000
d) 500,000
Answer: b) 300,000

Which famous war correspondent was known for his critical reporting of the Gallipoli campaign?
a) Keith Murdoch
b) C.E.W. Bean
c) Charles Bean
d) Phillip Schuler
Answer: a) Keith Murdoch

The ANZACs primarily landed at which location during the Gallipoli campaign?
a) Suvla Bay
b) Cape Helles
c) Anzac Cove
d) Gaba Tepe
Answer: c) Anzac Cove

What was the nickname given to the Australian Light Horse regiments during World War I?
a) The Diggers
b) The Brumbies
c) The Emus
d) The Kangaroos
Answer: a) The Diggers

Which treaty officially brought Australia into the war?
a) Treaty of London
b) Treaty of Versailles
c) Treaty of Constantinople
d) Treaty of Brussels
Answer: a) Treaty of London

Which battle is often referred to as “Australia’s baptism of fire” during World War I?
a) Battle of Passchendaele
b) Battle of Fromelles
c) Battle of Hamel
d) Battle of Bullecourt
Answer: b) Battle of Fromelles

What was the role of the Australian Flying Corps during World War I?
a) Infantry soldiers
b) Medical corps
c) Air force
d) Navy
Answer: c) Air force

Which Australian general led the Australian Corps in several successful battles on the Western Front?
a) Sir John Monash
b) Sir William Birdwood
c) Sir Harry Chauvel
d) Sir Hubert Gough
Answer: a) Sir John Monash

Which battle saw the first use of tanks by the British forces in World War I?
a) Battle of Cambrai
b) Battle of the Somme
c) Battle of Passchendaele
d) Battle of Arras
Answer: a) Battle of Cambrai

In 1915, the Australian and New Zealand forces withdrew from Gallipoli. Which month did the evacuation take place?
a) November
b) December
c) January
d) February
Answer: a) December

Who was the Governor-General of Australia during World War I?
a) Sir William Deane
b) Sir Ronald Munro Ferguson
c) Sir Peter Cosgrove
d) Sir Isaac Isaacs
Answer: b) Sir Ronald Munro Ferguson

Which battle in 1917 saw Australian troops endure severe losses due to the German spring offensive?
a) Battle of Bullecourt
b) Battle of Messines
c) Battle of Ypres
d) Battle of Amiens
Answer: a) Battle of Bullecourt

What was the nickname given to the Australian nurses who served in World War I?
a) Bluebirds
b) Nightingales
c) Roses of No Man’s Land
d) Angels of Mercy
Answer: c) Roses of No Man’s Land

Which country did Australia primarily fight against in the Middle Eastern theatre during World War I?
a) Germany
b) Austria-Hungary
c) Ottoman Empire
d) Bulgaria
Answer: c) Ottoman Empire

What was the strategic significance of the Battle of Hamel in 1918?
a) It marked the end of trench warfare.
b) It secured the Suez Canal.
c) It led to the collapse of the German economy.
d) It allowed the Allies to advance toward Berlin.
Answer: a) It marked the end of trench warfare.

Which Australian general was appointed as the Chief of the General Staff in 1919?
a) Sir John Monash
b) Sir Harry Chauvel
c) Sir Brudenell White
d) Sir William Birdwood
Answer: c) Sir Brudenell White

What was the name of the operation where Australian forces captured Jerusalem in 1917?
a) Operation Crusader
b) Operation Desert Storm
c) Operation Battleaxe
d) Operation Hammer
Answer: a) Operation Crusader

Which Australian political leader was a prominent anti-conscription advocate during World War I?
a) Billy Hughes
b) Andrew Fisher
c) Joseph Cook
d) Frank Tudor
Answer: b) Andrew Fisher

What was the name of the treaty signed between Russia and the Central Powers that allowed Germany to transfer troops to the Western Front?
a) Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
b) Treaty of Bucharest
c) Treaty of Moscow
d) Treaty of Warsaw
Answer: a) Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

Which battle in 1918 was a turning point that led to the collapse of the Central Powers on the Western Front?
a) Battle of Passchendaele
b) Battle of the Marne
c) Battle of Amiens
d) Battle of Cambrai
Answer: c) Battle of Amiens

Which Australian political leader became the Prime Minister after the end of World War I in 1919?
a) Stanley Bruce
b) Joseph Cook

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