Canadian Constitution MCQs With Answer

When did the Constitution Act, 1867, formerly known as the British North America Act, come into effect?
a) 1865
b) 1867
c) 1872
d) 1880
Answer: [b) 1867]

Which document is often considered the first written constitution of Canada?
a) Constitution Act, 1867
b) Constitution Act, 1982
c) Royal Proclamation of 1763
d) Quebec Act of 1774
Answer: [c) Royal Proclamation of 1763]

The Canadian Constitution establishes Canada as a:
a) Republic
b) Parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
c) Federal system
d) Absolute monarchy
Answer: [b) Parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy]

What is the name of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms when it was originally enacted?
a) Bill of Rights
b) Human Rights Charter
c) Canadian Rights Act
d) Charter of Liberties
Answer: [a) Bill of Rights]

Which amendment process requires the consent of the federal Parliament and all provinces?
a) Unanimous consent
b) 7/50 formula
c) Provincial request
d) Constitutional convention
Answer: [a) Unanimous consent]

How many provinces were part of Canada when the Constitution Act, 1867, came into effect?
a) 4
b) 6
c) 7
d) 10
Answer: [b) 6]

The Constitution Act, 1867, distributed legislative powers between the federal and provincial governments. How many classes of subjects are there in the distribution of powers?
a) 2
b) 3
c) 4
d) 5
Answer: [c) 4]

Which province did not join Confederation until 1949?
a) Newfoundland and Labrador
b) Prince Edward Island
c) British Columbia
d) Quebec
Answer: [a) Newfoundland and Labrador]

The Constitution Act, 1982, includes the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. When was the Charter of Rights and Freedoms officially enacted?
a) 1980
b) 1981
c) 1982
d) 1985
Answer: [c) 1982]

Which of the following is a fundamental freedom protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms?
a) Right to healthcare
b) Freedom of expression
c) Right to bear arms
d) Freedom of the press
Answer: [b) Freedom of expression]

Which part of the Constitution Act, 1982, deals with Aboriginal rights?
a) Section 33
b) Section 35
c) Section 44
d) Section 51
Answer: [b) Section 35]

What is the name of the legal principle that the Constitution is the supreme law of the land and all laws, including federal and provincial statutes, must comply with it?
a) Supremacy clause
b) Constitutional convention
c) Rule of law
d) Rule of necessity
Answer: [a) Supremacy clause]

Who represents the British monarch in Canada and performs ceremonial duties as Head of State?
a) Prime Minister
b) Governor General
c) Premier
d) Chief Justice
Answer: [b) Governor General]

What is the term for the process by which a bill becomes law in Canada?
a) Legislative approval
b) Royal assent
c) Constitutional approval
d) Executive ratification
Answer: [b) Royal assent]

In the Canadian Parliament, the House of Commons is also known as:
a) Lower House
b) Upper House
c) House of Lords
d) Senate
Answer: [a) Lower House]

Who has the authority to appoint Senators in Canada?
a) Prime Minister
b) Governor General
c) Monarch
d) Chief Justice
Answer: [c) Monarch]

What is the maximum number of senators a province can have in the Canadian Senate?
a) 5
b) 10
c) 15
d) 20
Answer: [b) 10]

Which constitutional document formally recognizes French and English as the official languages of Canada?
a) Constitution Act, 1867
b) Constitution Act, 1982
c) Official Languages Act
d) Royal Proclamation of 1763
Answer: [b) Constitution Act, 1982]

Which province is granted special status in the Canadian Constitution with distinct constitutional rights and powers?
a) Quebec
b) Ontario
c) British Columbia
d) Alberta
Answer: [a) Quebec]

What is the role of the Lieutenant Governor in a Canadian province?
a) Head of government
b) Represents the Queen at the provincial level
c) Head of state
d) Chief Justice of the province
Answer: [b) Represents the Queen at the provincial level]

What is the amending formula for certain aspects of the Canadian Constitution that only requires approval by the federal Parliament?
a) 7/50 formula
b) Section 33
c) Section 41
d) Section 91
Answer: [c) Section 41]

Which of the following rights is protected under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms?
a) Right to own property
b) Right to free education
c) Right to a fair trial
d) Right to drive a car
Answer: [c) Right to a fair trial]

What is the role of the Senate in the Canadian Parliament?
a) Review and suggest amendments to bills
b) Introduce new bills
c) Approve the federal budget
d) Represent the provinces
Answer: [a) Review and suggest amendments to bills]

What is the amending formula that requires the consent of the federal Parliament and two-thirds of the provinces representing at least 50% of the population?
a) Unanimous consent
b) 7/50 formula
c) Notwithstanding clause
d) The 7/50+ rule
Answer: [b) 7/50 formula]

Who presides over the Senate in Canada?
a) Speaker of the House of Commons
b) Chief Justice of Canada
c) Prime Minister
d) Speaker of the Senate
Answer: [d) Speaker of the Senate]

What is the division of powers called in the Canadian Constitution that allocates specific areas of jurisdiction to the federal and provincial governments?
a) Constitutional division
b) The division of powers
c) Federalist distribution
d) Legislative allotment
Answer: [b) The division of powers]

Which court is the highest court in Canada and interprets the Canadian Constitution?
a) Provincial Courts
b) Supreme Court of Canada
c) Federal Court
d) Court of Appeal
Answer: [b) Supreme Court of Canada]

What is the main purpose of the Canadian Constitution?
a) Outline the structure of the government
b) Protect the rights and freedoms of individuals
c) Establish the federal and provincial budgets
d) Specify the electoral process
Answer: [b) Protect the rights and freedoms of individuals]

What is the term for a formal request made by the federal government to the provinces to seek their approval for a constitutional amendment?
a) Constitutional convention
b) Provincial request
c) Constitutional resolution
d) Federal appeal
Answer: [b) Provincial request]

The Canadian Constitution recognizes the Aboriginal and treaty rights of which groups?
a) First Nations, Métis, and Inuit
b) First Nations and Métis
c) Métis and Inuit
d) First Nations and Inuit
Answer: [a) First Nations, Métis, and Inuit]

In the Canadian Parliament, which house is the Upper House?
a) House of Commons
b) Senate
c) House of Lords
d) House of Representatives
Answer: [b) Senate]

What is the role of the Prime Minister in the Canadian government?
a) Represents the Queen at the provincial level
b) Head of state
c) Head of government
d) Chief Justice of Canada
Answer: [c) Head of government]

What is the name of the clause in the Canadian Constitution that allows the Parliament or a provincial legislature to override certain rights and freedoms?
a) Notwithstanding clause
b) Overriding clause
c) Exception clause
d) Limitation clause
Answer: [a) Notwithstanding clause]

How many provinces and territories does Canada currently have?
a) 10 provinces, 3 territories
b) 12 provinces, 2 territories
c) 13 provinces, 1 territory
d) 9 provinces, 4 territories
Answer: [a) 10 provinces, 3 territories]

The Canadian Constitution includes the written parts, like statutes and documents, as well as unwritten conventions and traditions. What is this referred to as?
a) Written constitution
b) Unwritten constitution
c) Codified constitution
d) Oral constitution
Answer: [b) Unwritten constitution]

The concept that everyone, including government officials, is subject to the law and accountable for their actions is known as:
a) Rule of law
b) Due process
c) Habeas corpus
d) Rule of necessity
Answer: [a) Rule of law]

What is the term for a formal written request from the Parliament of Canada to the British Parliament for a change to the Canadian Constitution?
a) Constitutional resolution
b) Constitutional convention
c) Constitutional amendment
d) Constitutional request
Answer: [a) Constitutional resolution]

Who appoints the judges of the Supreme Court of Canada?
a) Prime Minister
b) Governor General
c) Chief Justice
d) Minister of Justice
Answer: [b) Governor General]

What is the official residence of the Prime Minister of Canada called?
a) 24 Sussex Drive
b) Rideau Hall
c) Stornoway
d) Harrington Lake
Answer: [a) 24 Sussex Drive]

Which Canadian province is the only one to have a civil law legal system based on the Napoleonic Code?
a) Quebec
b) Ontario
c) Alberta
d) British Columbia
Answer: [a) Quebec]

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