Canadian Criminal Law MCQs With Answer

What is the main purpose of criminal law in Canada?
a) To protect civil liberties
b) To establish civil disputes
c) To maintain social order and safety
d) To regulate business transactions
Answer: c

Which branch of government is responsible for enacting criminal laws in Canada?
a) Executive
b) Legislative
c) Judicial
d) Administrative
Answer: b

What is the term for a wrongful act that is considered a breach of the law and is punishable by the state?
a) Tort
b) Contract
c) Crime
d) Negligence
Answer: c

What is the legal principle that a person cannot be charged with a crime committed before a law was enacted?
a) Ex post facto law
b) Habeas corpus
c) Due process
d) Presumption of innocence
Answer: a

Which type of law enforcement officer investigates crimes and gathers evidence for prosecution?
a) Prosecutor
b) Judge
c) Defense attorney
d) Police officer
Answer: d

What is the term for a formal charge or accusation of a serious crime?
a) Citation
b) Subpoena
c) Indictment
d) Warrant
Answer: c

What is the standard of proof required in a criminal case?
a) Beyond a reasonable doubt
b) Balance of probabilities
c) Preponderance of evidence
d) Clear and convincing evidence
Answer: a

Which legal principle protects individuals from being tried twice for the same offense?
a) Double jeopardy
b) Habeas corpus
c) Due process
d) Ex post facto law
Answer: a

What is the term for a temporary release of an accused person awaiting trial?
a) Parole
b) Bail
c) Pardon
d) Exoneration
Answer: b

What is the process by which a case is reviewed by a higher court for errors in the trial process?
a) Judicial review
b) Appeal
c) Subpoena
d) Warrant
Answer: b

What is the term for a legal order requiring a person to testify in court?
a) Summons
b) Indictment
c) Subpoena
d) Warrant
Answer: c

What is the term for the formal reading of charges against an accused person in court?
a) Verdict
b) Arraignment
c) Indictment
d) Conviction
Answer: b

What is the term for a legal document that allows a person to be released from custody until trial?
a) Bail
b) Parole
c) Exoneration
d) Conviction
Answer: a

In civil cases, what is the party that brings a lawsuit called?
a) Defendant
b) Prosecutor
c) Plaintiff
d) Appellant
Answer: c

What is the term for a legal order requiring a person to bring specific documents or evidence to court?
a) Subpoena
b) Warrant
c) Summons
d) Indictment
Answer: a

Which type of law deals with private disputes between individuals or organizations?
a) Criminal law
b) Constitutional law
c) Civil law
d) Administrative law
Answer: c

Which legal principle allows individuals to challenge the legality of their detention in court?
a) Rule of law
b) Natural justice
c) Habeas corpus
d) Presumption of innocence
Answer: c

What is the term for a legal order requiring a person to appear in court as a witness?
a) Warrant
b) Subpoena
c) Summons
d) Indictment
Answer: b

What is the term for a court order requiring a person to refrain from doing a certain action?
a) Conviction
b) Injunction
c) Arraignment
d) Verdict
Answer: b

Which Canadian court is responsible for handling matters related to divorce, child custody, and property division?
a) Provincial Court of Canada
b) Superior Court of Canada
c) Federal Court of Canada
d) Family Court
Answer: b

What is the term for a written statement by a witness that is used as evidence in court?
a) Subpoena
b) Testimony
c) Affidavit
d) Indictment
Answer: c

What is the role of the Crown prosecutor in criminal cases?
a) To represent the accused
b) To present evidence in support of the defendant
c) To represent the government and present evidence against the accused
d) To provide legal advice to the judge
Answer: c

Which legal principle ensures that laws are fairly applied and administered without bias?
a) Rule of law
b) Due process
c) Natural justice
d) Habeas corpus
Answer: a

What is the term for the process of resolving a criminal case through negotiation and agreement between the parties?
a) Mediation
b) Arbitration
c) Adjudication
d) Plea bargain
Answer: d

What is the legal term for a person who is accused of committing a crime?
a) Witness
b) Defendant
c) Plaintiff
d) Appellant
Answer: b

What is the term for a court’s decision that the defendant is not guilty of the crime charged?
a) Conviction
b) Indictment
c) Acquittal
d) Verdict
Answer: c

What is the term for a legal principle that prohibits the use of evidence obtained through unlawful means in court?
a) Habeas corpus
b) Due process
c) Exclusionary rule
d) Presumption of innocence
Answer: c

Which Canadian law governs the admissibility of evidence in criminal trials?
a) Criminal Code
b) Charter of Rights and Freedoms
c) Immigration and Refugee Protection Act
d) Canada Evidence Act
Answer: d

What is the term for a legal document that outlines the charges and evidence against the accused?
a) Arraignment
b) Affidavit
c) Indictment
d) Summons
Answer: c

Which Canadian Charter right ensures that an accused person has the right to a fair and public trial?
a) Freedom of expression
b) Right to life, liberty, and security of the person
c) Right to counsel
d) Right to be tried within a reasonable time
Answer: b

What is the term for a legal order requiring a person to appear in court to answer charges?
a) Warrant
b) Summons
c) Subpoena
d) Indictment
Answer: b

What is the term for a legal defense that claims the accused committed the act but lacked the mental capacity to form criminal intent?
a) Self-defense
b) Necessity
c) Duress
d) Insanity
Answer: d

Which Canadian court is responsible for handling less serious criminal offenses, traffic violations, and provincial law matters?
a) Supreme Court of Canada
b) Superior Court of Canada
c) Provincial Court of Canada
d) Federal Court of Canada
Answer: c

What is the term for a legal defense that claims the accused committed the act to prevent harm to themselves or others?
a) Insanity
b) Duress
c) Necessity
d) Self-defense
Answer: d

Which legal principle requires the prosecution to prove the guilt of the accused beyond a reasonable doubt?
a) Balance of probabilities
b) Preponderance of evidence
c) Standard of proof
d) Burden of proof
Answer: c

What is the term for the formal decision reached by a judge or jury in a criminal trial?
a) Summons
b) Subpoena
c) Verdict
d) Indictment
Answer: c

What is the term for a legal defense that claims the accused was forced to commit the act under threat or coercion?
a) Insanity
b) Duress
c) Self-defense
d) Necessity
Answer: b

Which Canadian Charter right protects an accused person from being compelled to testify against themselves in court?
a) Right to life, liberty, and security of the person
b) Right to counsel
c) Right to silence
d) Right to a fair trial
Answer: c

What is the term for a legal defense that claims the accused committed the act to save a life or prevent a greater harm?
a) Necessity
b) Insanity
c) Duress
d) Self-defense
Answer: a

Which legal principle ensures that an accused person is informed of the charges against them?
a) Right to silence
b) Due process
c) Disclosure
d) Habeas corpus
Answer: c

What is the term for a legal defense that claims the accused was not aware that their actions were wrong due to a mental disorder?
a) Necessity
b) Duress
c) Insanity
d) Self-defense
Answer: c

Which Canadian Charter right ensures that an accused person has the right to be informed of the specific offense they are charged with?
a) Right to counsel
b) Right to be tried within a reasonable time
c) Right to a fair trial
d) Right to know the charges
Answer: d

What is the term for a legal defense that claims the accused committed the act out of fear for their life or safety?
a) Self-defense
b) Duress
c) Necessity
d) Insanity
Answer: a

Which Canadian Charter right ensures that an accused person has the right to legal representation?
a) Right to a fair trial
b) Right to be tried within a reasonable time
c) Right to counsel
d) Right to know the charges
Answer: c

What is the term for a legal defense that claims the accused did not have the capacity to understand the nature and quality of their actions?
a) Insanity
b) Necessity
c) Duress
d) Self-defense
Answer: a

Which Canadian Charter right protects an accused person from cruel and unusual punishment?
a) Right to life, liberty, and security of the person
b) Right to counsel
c) Right to a fair trial
d) Right to be tried within a reasonable time
Answer: a

What is the term for a legal defense that claims the accused was not in control of their actions due to a medical condition?
a) Necessity
b) Insanity
c) Duress
d) Self-defense
Answer: b

Which legal principle ensures that an accused person has the right to a speedy trial?
a) Right to life, liberty, and security of the person
b) Right to be tried within a reasonable time
c) Right to a fair trial
d) Right to counsel
Answer: b

What is the term for a legal defense that claims the accused was influenced by another person’s actions?
a) Self-defense
b) Necessity
c) Duress
d) Insanity
Answer: c

Which Canadian Charter right ensures that an accused person has the right to know the evidence against them?
a) Right to a fair trial
b) Right to be tried within a reasonable time
c) Right to know the charges
d) Right to counsel
Answer: c

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