Canadian Diplomatic History MCQs with Answer

  1. In what year did Canada establish its first diplomatic mission? a) 1800 b) 1867 c) 1914 d) 1945 Answer: b) 1867
  2. Who was Canada’s first Prime Minister and the head of its first diplomatic mission? a) John A. Macdonald b) Louis Riel c) Wilfrid Laurier d) Lester B. Pearson Answer: a) John A. Macdonald
  3. During which historical event did Canada’s role as a peacekeeping nation gain significant international recognition? a) World War I b) Cold War c) Korean War d) World War II Answer: c) Korean War
  4. Which international organization was established in 1945 and played a significant role in shaping Canada’s post-World War II diplomatic efforts? a) United Nations b) European Union c) North Atlantic Treaty Organization d) Commonwealth of Nations Answer: a) United Nations
  5. Canada’s diplomatic efforts in the 1970s were characterized by its role in facilitating the Camp David Accords, which led to peace between which two countries? a) Egypt and Syria b) Israel and Lebanon c) Israel and Egypt d) Jordan and Palestine Answer: c) Israel and Egypt
  6. Canada played a significant role in negotiating the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which came into effect in what year? a) 1980 b) 1994 c) 2000 d) 2008 Answer: b) 1994
  7. The Suez Crisis in 1956 saw Canada play a diplomatic role in mediating between which two countries? a) France and Algeria b) Israel and Egypt c) United States and Cuba d) United Kingdom and Argentina Answer: b) Israel and Egypt
  8. Canada’s decision to stay out of the Iraq War in 2003 was based on its diplomatic approach to which international principle? a) Preemptive war b) Collective security c) Non-interference d) Humanitarian intervention Answer: c) Non-interference
  9. Which Canadian diplomat played a key role in the creation of the United Nations and became its first President of the General Assembly? a) Lester B. Pearson b) John Holmes c) Stéphane Dion d) Lester B. Pearson Answer: d) Lester B. Pearson
  10. In 1970, Canada established diplomatic relations with which country, marking an important step in Canada’s diplomatic engagement with Asia? a) China b) India c) Japan d) South Korea Answer: a) China
  11. Which Canadian Prime Minister is known for his leadership during the Cuban Missile Crisis and his efforts to defuse tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union? a) Jean Chrétien b) Pierre Trudeau c) John Diefenbaker d) Lester B. Pearson Answer: d) Lester B. Pearson
  12. Canada’s foreign policy approach of engaging in peacekeeping, diplomacy, and multilateralism is often referred to as: a) Pax Americana b) Soft Power Doctrine c) Quiet Diplomacy d) Pearsonianism Answer: d) Pearsonianism
  13. Which international organization, founded in 1949, has been a cornerstone of Canada’s defense and security policies through its participation in various peacekeeping missions? a) United Nations b) European Union c) North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) d) Organization of American States (OAS) Answer: c) North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
  14. Canada’s diplomatic relations with which country were historically complicated due to the issue of Arctic sovereignty and access to valuable resources? a) Russia b) Norway c) Denmark d) United States Answer: a) Russia
  15. In 1988, Canada played a role in mediating between Iran and the United States to secure the release of hostages held in which country? a) Afghanistan b) Iraq c) Lebanon d) Iran Answer: d) Iran
  16. Which international agreement, signed in 1987, contributed to the elimination of intermediate-range nuclear missiles and marked a significant diplomatic achievement during the Cold War? a) Helsinki Accords b) Camp David Accords c) INF Treaty d) Paris Agreement Answer: c) INF Treaty
  17. Canada’s involvement in international organizations such as the United Nations reflects its commitment to: a) Isolationism b) Multilateralism c) Unilateralism d) Realism Answer: b) Multilateralism
  18. Which Canadian diplomat played a key role in negotiating the Dayton Agreement that ended the Bosnian War in the 1990s? a) Lloyd Axworthy b) Stéphane Dion c) Louise Arbour d) John Baird Answer: a) Lloyd Axworthy
  19. Canada’s participation in which regional organization emphasizes its commitment to diplomatic and security cooperation in the Americas? a) European Union (EU) b) North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) c) Organization of American States (OAS) d) Commonwealth of Nations Answer: c) Organization of American States (OAS)
  20. Which international conference, held in 1944, aimed to establish a framework for post-World War II international cooperation and economic reconstruction? a) Yalta Conference b) Bretton Woods Conference c) Potsdam Conference d) Munich Conference Answer: b) Bretton Woods Conference
  21. Canada’s diplomatic efforts in the 1980s included playing a role in mediating between the governments of India and which other country during their conflict in Punjab? a) Pakistan b) Bangladesh c) Nepal d) Sri Lanka Answer: a) Pakistan
  22. The “Free Trade Era” of Canadian foreign policy was marked by negotiations and agreements with which two countries? a) United Kingdom and France b) United States and Mexico c) China and Japan d) Russia and Germany Answer: b) United States and Mexico
  23. Canada’s diplomatic relations with which country were significantly impacted by the Oka Crisis, a conflict over Indigenous land rights and development? a) France b) Australia c) United States d) Lebanon Answer: c) United States
  24. Which Canadian Prime Minister is known for his efforts to strengthen ties with China and for his visit to China in 1973, marking a historic shift in diplomatic relations? a) John Diefenbaker b) Pierre Trudeau c) Brian Mulroney d) Stephen Harper Answer: b) Pierre Trudeau
  25. The “Pipeline Diplomacy” issue in the early 2010s centered around the proposed construction of a pipeline from Alberta to which destination? a) Atlantic coast b) Pacific coast c) Arctic region d) Gulf of Mexico Answer: b) Pacific coast
  26. Which Canadian Prime Minister played a significant role in establishing the International Criminal Court (ICC) and advocating for international justice? a) Lester B. Pearson b) Brian Mulroney c) Jean Chrétien d) Stephen Harper Answer: c) Jean Chrétien
  27. In 1965, Canada’s diplomatic relations with which country were affected by the “Maple Leaf Incident,” an incident involving a Soviet spacecraft and a Canadian flag? a) United States b) Soviet Union c) China d) Australia Answer: b) Soviet Union
  28. Canada’s diplomatic efforts during the Rwandan genocide included supporting the deployment of international forces to provide humanitarian aid under which UN mission? a) UNAMIR b) UNPROFOR c) MONUSCO d) UNMISS Answer: a) UNAMIR
  29. The “Helms-Burton Act” of 1996, which aimed to strengthen the United States’ economic embargo against Cuba, had implications for Canada’s trade relations with which country? a) Mexico b) China c) Russia d) United States Answer: d) United States
  30. Canada’s diplomatic relations with which Middle Eastern country were significantly impacted by the Iran Hostage Crisis of 1979-1981? a) Iraq b) Israel c) Saudi Arabia d) Iran Answer: d) Iran
  31. The signing of the Good Friday Agreement in 1998, which helped bring an end to decades of conflict in Northern Ireland, was supported by Canada’s diplomatic efforts under which Prime Minister? a) Lester B. Pearson b) Brian Mulroney c) Jean Chrétien d) Paul Martin Answer: c) Jean Chrétien
  32. Canada played a role in negotiating the Dayton Agreement that ended the Bosnian War. In which city was the agreement signed? a) Sarajevo b) Belgrade c) Geneva d) Dayton Answer: d) Dayton
  33. In 1952, Canada played a role in mediating a ceasefire and peace negotiations during the Korean War between North Korea and which other country? a) United States b) China c) Soviet Union d) South Korea Answer: b) China
  34. Canada’s diplomatic relations with which country were significantly strained during the “Turbot War,” a dispute over fishing rights in the North Atlantic? a) France b) Iceland c) Norway d) United Kingdom Answer: b) Iceland
  35. Which Canadian diplomat played a key role in negotiating the Meech Lake Accord, a constitutional agreement aimed at recognizing Quebec as a distinct society within Canada? a) John Turner b) Lloyd Axworthy c) Stéphane Dion d) Robert Bourassa Answer: d) Robert Bourassa
  36. Canada’s diplomatic efforts during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 included sending a high-level delegation to meet with which leader? a) Fidel Castro b) Nikita Khrushchev c) John F. Kennedy d) Richard Nixon Answer: c) John F. Kennedy
  37. Canada’s diplomatic relations with which country were significantly impacted by the “Gouzenko Affair,” a Cold War espionage case involving Soviet spies? a) United Kingdom b) United States c) Soviet Union d) China Answer: c) Soviet Union
  38. In 1993, Canada played a role in negotiating the Oslo Accords, which marked a significant step toward peace between Israel and which other entity? a) Lebanon b) Egypt c) Palestine d) Jordan Answer: c) Palestine
  39. Canada’s diplomatic relations with which country were affected by the “Khartoum Resolution” in 1967, which resulted in the “Three Nos” policy? a) Egypt b) Sudan c) Saudi Arabia d) Israel Answer: d) Israel
  40. Canada’s diplomatic efforts played a role in the creation of the International Criminal Court (ICC) to address which type of crimes? a) Cybercrimes b) Economic crimes c) Crimes against humanity d) Environmental crimes Answer: c) Crimes against humanity
  41. Canada’s diplomatic relations with which country were strained in the 1980s due to the presence of U.S. nuclear weapons on Canadian soil? a) Russia b) United Kingdom c) United States d) China Answer: c) United States
  42. Which Canadian Prime Minister was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in negotiating a peaceful solution to the Suez Crisis in 1956? a) Lester B. Pearson b) John Diefenbaker c) Louis St. Laurent d) Pierre Trudeau Answer: a) Lester B. Pearson
  43. Canada’s diplomatic relations with which country were affected by the “Hydro-Québec Affair” in the 1960s, involving allegations of espionage and economic sabotage? a) United States b) France c) Soviet Union d) China Answer: b) France
  44. Canada’s diplomatic efforts in the 1990s included participation in the Dayton Agreement negotiations to end the conflict in which European country? a) Bosnia and Herzegovina b) Kosovo c) Croatia d) Serbia Answer: a) Bosnia and Herzegovina
  45. Canada’s involvement in the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) is an example of its diplomatic efforts in promoting peace in which region? a) Middle East b) Asia c) Latin America d) Europe Answer: a) Middle East
  46. Canada’s diplomatic relations with which country were affected by the “Arrow Diplomacy” crisis in 1965, involving the development of advanced military aircraft? a) United Kingdom b) United States c) Soviet Union d) China Answer: b) United States
  47. The “Pearson Pennant” initiative, proposed by Lester B. Pearson, aimed to promote which type of diplomatic symbol as a symbol of peace? a) Pennant b) Maple leaf c) Dove d) UN flag Answer: b) Maple leaf
  48. Canada’s diplomatic efforts in the 1990s included playing a role in the Oslo Accords negotiations, which aimed to address the conflict between Israel and which entity? a) Egypt b) Lebanon c) Jordan d) Palestine Answer: d) Palestine
  49. The “Golden Age of Diplomacy” refers to a period in Canadian history characterized by significant diplomatic achievements during which decades? a) 1960s and 1970s b) 1980s and 1990s c) 1950s and 1960s d) 1970s and 1980s Answer: c) 1950s and 1960s
  50. Canada’s involvement in the negotiation of the “Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons” reflects its commitment to which international security objective? a) Disarmament b) Proliferation c) Preemption d) Deterrence Answer: a) Disarmament

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