The Great Depression in Canada was a severe economic downturn that began in:
Answer: b) 1929
The Great Depression led to a significant increase in:
a) Consumer spending
b) Industrial production
d) Government intervention
Answer: c) Unemployment
Which industry was particularly hard hit during the Great Depression in Canada?
Answer: a) Agriculture
What was the name of the relief camp movement that provided employment to single, unemployed men during the Great Depression?
d) On-to-Ottawa Trek
Answer: d) On-to-Ottawa Trek
Which political party formed the government of Canada during most of the Great Depression?
a) Liberal Party
b) Conservative Party
c) New Democratic Party
d) Progressive Party
Answer: a) Liberal Party
The “Dirty Thirties” is a term often used to refer to the:
a) Rapid economic growth of the 1930s
b) Dust Bowl phenomenon
c) Increase in industrial production
d) Introduction of social programs
Answer: b) Dust Bowl phenomenon
Which Canadian province experienced the worst effects of the Dust Bowl during the Great Depression?
b) British Columbia
Answer: c) Alberta
The Great Depression led to a decrease in international trade, particularly affecting Canada’s exports of:
b) Wheat and other commodities
c) Technology products
d) Luxury goods
Answer: b) Wheat and other commodities
Which Canadian prime minister was in office at the beginning of the Great Depression?
a) Louis St. Laurent
b) Mackenzie King
c) John Diefenbaker
d) Lester B. Pearson
Answer: b) Mackenzie King
The Canadian government implemented a policy to protect domestic industries during the Great Depression, known as:
a) Open market policy
b) Free trade agreement
c) Import substitution
Answer: d) Protectionism
The Great Depression led to a significant decrease in the standard of living for many Canadians, resulting in:
a) An increase in luxury consumption
b) Improved access to education
c) A decline in health and well-being
d) Higher wages for workers
Answer: c) A decline in health and well-being
Which social movement emerged in response to the economic hardships of the Great Depression and advocated for better working conditions and rights for workers?
a) Temperance movement
b) Suffrage movement
c) Labor movement
d) Civil rights movement
Answer: c) Labor movement
The Bennett Buggy was a term used to describe:
a) A popular dance of the era
b) A type of luxury car
c) A makeshift car pulled by horses during the Great Depression
d) A new form of public transportation
Answer: c) A makeshift car pulled by horses during the Great Depression
What was the name of the Canadian prime minister who succeeded Mackenzie King during the later years of the Great Depression?
a) Robert Borden
b) William Lyon Mackenzie
c) R.B. Bennett
d) Pierre Trudeau
Answer: c) R.B. Bennett
The “New Deal” was a series of programs implemented in the United States to address the effects of the Great Depression. What was the equivalent term used in Canada?
a) Fresh Start
b) Economic Recovery Act
c) Canadian Relief Program
d) Regina Manifesto
Answer: d) Regina Manifesto
The establishment of what organization marked a significant step toward government involvement in economic planning and social programs during the Great Depression?
a) Canadian Labor Congress
b) Royal Canadian Mounted Police
c) Bank of Canada
d) Canadian National Railway
Answer: c) Bank of Canada
Which region of Canada was particularly affected by the Great Depression due to its dependence on the export of raw materials?
a) Atlantic Canada
b) Prairie provinces
d) British Columbia
Answer: b) Prairie provinces
What was the main cause of the economic collapse that led to the Great Depression in Canada?
c) High interest rates
d) Speculative stock market trading
Answer: d) Speculative stock market trading
Which social program was introduced in Canada during the Great Depression to provide financial assistance to unemployed workers?
a) Old Age Security
b) Canada Pension Plan
c) Employment Insurance
d) Relief camps
Answer: d) Relief camps
The Great Depression resulted in significant poverty and homelessness, leading to the emergence of makeshift communities known as:
b) New towns
c) Bennett towns
d) Roosevelt camps
Answer: a) Hoovervilles
Which international event had a negative impact on Canada’s international trade and contributed to the worsening of the Great Depression?
a) Signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
b) Dust Bowl
c) World War I
d) Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act
Answer: d) Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act
The Great Depression led to a decrease in government revenue, resulting in the need for increased:
b) Government spending
c) Corporate profits
d) Military expenditure
Answer: a) Taxation
The Canadian government implemented policies to regulate and stabilize agricultural prices during the Great Depression, known as:
a) Agricultural Subsidy Act
b) Wheat Board
c) Farm Relief Program
d) Crop Rotation Initiative
Answer: b) Wheat Board
What role did the Bank of Canada play during the Great Depression to help stabilize the economy?
a) Printing more money
b) Reducing interest rates
c) Encouraging speculation
d) Withdrawing currency from circulation
Answer: b) Reducing interest rates
Which economic principle suggests that during a recession, governments should increase spending to stimulate demand and economic activity?
c) Keynesian economics
Answer: c) Keynesian economics
The Great Depression led to a decline in industrial production and a rise in:
b) Interest rates
Answer: c) Deflation
What role did international loans play in Canada’s attempt to recover from the Great Depression?
a) They provided significant relief and economic stability.
b) They were refused, leading to greater economic hardship.
c) They had no impact on the Canadian economy.
d) They contributed to hyperinflation.
Answer: b) They were refused, leading to greater economic hardship.
The Great Depression resulted in a decline in consumer spending, which contributed to further:
c) International trade
d) Government intervention
Answer: b) Deflation
What was the impact of the Great Depression on immigration to Canada?
a) Immigration increased as people sought economic opportunities.
b) Immigration policies became more lenient.
c) Immigration decreased significantly due to economic challenges.
d) Immigration was restricted to certain professions.
Answer: c) Immigration decreased significantly due to economic challenges.
The Great Depression had a lasting impact on the banking sector in Canada, leading to increased government regulation and the establishment of the:
a) Federal Reserve
b) Bank of Canada
c) Canadian Banking Association
d) International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Answer: b) Bank of Canada
What was the name of the social movement that advocated for the establishment of government-run programs to provide financial security and assistance to Canadians during the Great Depression?
a) The New Deal Movement
b) The Social Welfare Campaign
c) The Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF)
d) The Workers’ Rights Movement
Answer: c) The Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF)
The Great Depression led to the emergence of political protests and demonstrations, including the famous:
a) On-to-Ottawa Trek
b) Underground Railroad
c) Boston Tea Party
d) Suffragette Movement
Answer: a) On-to-Ottawa Trek
The Great Depression saw a decrease in government revenue, which resulted in:
a) Higher taxes
b) Reduced public spending
c) Increased public services
d) Expansion of welfare programs
Answer: b) Reduced public spending
Which international economic event greatly influenced Canada’s economic recovery from the Great Depression?
a) Bretton Woods Conference
b) Paris Peace Conference
c) Geneva Convention
d) G20 Summit
Answer: a) Bretton Woods Conference
What was the name of the economic policy introduced by R.B. Bennett’s government during the Great Depression to stimulate the economy through public works projects?
a) New Deal
b) Regina Manifesto
c) Bennett Buggy
d) Relief Camp Program
Answer: a) New Deal
The Great Depression resulted in a decrease in consumer purchasing power, leading to a decline in:
a) Government intervention
b) Consumer debt
Answer: c) Manufacturing
The Great Depression had a profound impact on family life, often leading to:
a) Increased birth rates
b) Greater gender equality
c) Decreased divorce rates
d) Separation of families due to migration
Answer: d) Separation of families due to migration
Which social program was introduced during the Great Depression to provide financial support to elderly and disabled individuals?
a) Employment Insurance
b) Old Age Security
c) Canada Pension Plan
d) Relief camps
Answer: b) Old Age Security
The Great Depression led to a decline in consumer demand, contributing to the closure of many:
Answer: c) Factories
What was the impact of the Great Depression on the Canadian housing market?
a) Housing prices increased due to high demand.
b) Housing prices remained stable throughout the period.
c) Housing prices decreased, leading to widespread mortgage defaults.
d) Housing prices were unaffected by the economic downturn.
Answer: c) Housing prices decreased, leading to widespread mortgage defaults.
Which group of people was particularly vulnerable to the economic hardships of the Great Depression and often faced discrimination and marginalization?
c) Indigenous peoples
d) The elderly
Answer: a) Immigrants
The Great Depression led to a decrease in government revenues, resulting in the reduction of public spending on:
Answer: b) Education
The Great Depression had a significant impact on Canada’s foreign trade, leading to a decline in:
a) Exports and imports
b) Exports only
c) Imports only
d) Consumer spending
Answer: a) Exports and imports
What term was used to describe the informal gatherings where unemployed men would line up outside factories, hoping to be hired for a day’s work during the Great Depression?
a) Job fairs
b) Workforce assemblies
c) Relief camps
d) Employment lines
Answer: d) Employment lines
The Great Depression prompted the Canadian government to introduce policies aimed at ensuring:
a) Economic growth
b) Equal distribution of wealth
c) Agricultural subsidies
d) Corporate profits
Answer: a) Economic growth
Which social movement gained momentum during the Great Depression and advocated for the rights of workers, leading to the establishment of important labor laws?
a) Suffrage movement
b) Civil rights movement
c) Labor movement
d) Environmental movement
Answer: c) Labor movement
The Great Depression had a lasting impact on public opinion and government policies, leading to a greater emphasis on:
Answer: c) Interventionism
What was the impact of the Great Depression on Canada’s national debt?
a) The national debt decreased significantly.
b) The national debt remained stable.
c) The national debt increased due to decreased government revenue.
d) The national debt was eliminated entirely.
Answer: c) The national debt increased due to decreased government revenue.
The Great Depression ultimately came to an end with the outbreak of:
a) World War I
b) The Cold War
c) World War II
d) The Korean War
Answer: c) World War II