Canadian Human Rights Tribunals MCQs With Answer

What is the primary role of Canadian Human Rights Tribunals?
a) Enforcing criminal laws
b) Adjudicating civil disputes
c) Promoting human rights
d) Reviewing immigration cases
Answer: c

Which legislation established the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal?
a) Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
b) Canadian Human Rights Act
c) Criminal Code of Canada
d) Immigration and Refugee Protection Act
Answer: b

What is the purpose of Canadian Human Rights Tribunals?
a) Providing legal aid services
b) Settling criminal cases
c) Resolving disputes related to human rights violations
d) Regulating immigration policies
Answer: c

Which of the following is a principle upheld by Canadian Human Rights Tribunals?
a) Freedom of speech
b) Right to privacy
c) Prohibition of discrimination
d) Right to bear arms
Answer: c

What type of cases are typically heard by Canadian Human Rights Tribunals?
a) Criminal cases
b) Traffic violations
c) Civil rights violations
d) Divorce cases
Answer: c

Which organization is responsible for appointing members to the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal?
a) The Prime Minister
b) The Governor General
c) The Chief Justice of Canada
d) The Minister of Justice
Answer: d

How are Canadian Human Rights Tribunal members selected?
a) By popular vote
b) By lottery
c) Through parliamentary approval
d) By appointment based on qualifications
Answer: d

What is the role of a Canadian Human Rights Tribunal member during hearings?
a) Acting as a prosecutor
b) Making policy decisions
c) Presiding over the proceedings and making rulings
d) Offering legal advice
Answer: c

How does the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal enforce its decisions?
a) By issuing fines
b) By ordering imprisonment
c) By issuing cease-and-desist orders
d) By appointing new government officials
Answer: c

In what situations might a case be brought before the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal?
a) Land disputes
b) Labor union disputes
c) Discrimination complaints
d) Environmental violations
Answer: c

What is the standard of proof required in cases before the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal?
a) Beyond a reasonable doubt
b) Clear and convincing evidence
c) Preponderance of the evidence
d) Habeas corpus
Answer: c

Which group of individuals or entities can file complaints with the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal?
a) Only Canadian citizens
b) Only corporations
c) Any individual or organization with standing
d) Only federal government agencies
Answer: c

How does the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal handle cases involving provincial laws?
a) It does not have jurisdiction over provincial matters
b) It defers to the provinces for resolution
c) It can strike down provincial laws
d) It can issue injunctions against provinces
Answer: a

What is the role of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal in promoting equality and preventing discrimination?
a) It reviews immigration applications
b) It enforces criminal laws
c) It investigates hate speech cases
d) It hears and decides cases involving alleged human rights violations
Answer: d

How are decisions of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal reviewed?
a) By a federal court of appeal
b) By the Governor General
c) By the Minister of Justice
d) By the Prime Minister
Answer: a

What remedies can the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal order if it finds a violation of human rights?
a) Imprisonment
b) Monetary compensation
c) Public apology
d) Exile from the country
Answer: b

What is the timeline for filing a complaint with the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal after an alleged human rights violation?
a) Within 30 days
b) Within 6 months
c) Within 1 year
d) Within 3 years
Answer: b

Which level of government has the authority to amend the Canadian Human Rights Act?
a) Federal government only
b) Provincial government only
c) Municipal government only
d) Both federal and provincial governments
Answer: a

In cases involving the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal, what role does the respondent play?
a) Initiates the complaint
b) Presents the evidence against the complainant
c) Presides over the hearing
d) Provides legal counsel to the complainant
Answer: b

Which federal agency is responsible for providing support to the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal?
a) Canadian Human Rights Commission
b) Royal Canadian Mounted Police
c) Canada Border Services Agency
d) Canadian Security Intelligence Service
Answer: a

What is the purpose of the Canadian Human Rights Commission in relation to the Tribunal?
a) To review and enforce Tribunal decisions
b) To provide legal representation to respondents
c) To investigate complaints and attempt mediation
d) To issue fines and penalties
Answer: c

What is the standard procedure for handling a complaint by the Canadian Human Rights Commission?
a) Holding a trial
b) Issuing a verdict
c) Conducting an investigation and attempting mediation
d) Imposing sanctions
Answer: c

How does the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal ensure fairness and impartiality in its proceedings?
a) By selecting Tribunal members from the same background as the complainants
b) By appointing Tribunal members based on political affiliation
c) By using a random selection process for Tribunal members
d) By appointing qualified individuals with diverse backgrounds
Answer: d

What is the role of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal Registry?
a) It investigates human rights violations
b) It maintains records of Tribunal proceedings
c) It provides legal counsel to complainants
d) It oversees federal agencies
Answer: b

How can a respondent challenge a decision of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal?
a) By filing a complaint with the Canadian Human Rights Commission
b) By filing an appeal with a federal court of appeal
c) By requesting a review from the Minister of Justice
d) By seeking a pardon from the Governor General
Answer: b

What is the maximum amount of compensation that the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal can order for pain and suffering?
a) No limit
b) $5,000
c) $10,000
d) $20,000
Answer: a

In cases involving the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal, what is the burden of proof on the complainant?
a) Clear and convincing evidence
b) Beyond a reasonable doubt
c) Balance of probabilities
d) Preponderance of the evidence
Answer: c

Which court has the authority to review decisions of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal?
a) Provincial Superior Court
b) Federal Court of Canada
c) Supreme Court of Canada
d) Court of Queen’s Bench
Answer: b

What is the primary objective of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal?
a) To punish wrongdoers
b) To promote human rights and prevent discrimination
c) To generate revenue for the government
d) To advocate for political change
Answer: b

How are hearings conducted by the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal?
a) Only in-person hearings are allowed
b) Only virtual hearings are allowed
c) Both in-person and virtual hearings are allowed
d) No hearings are conducted; decisions are made based on written submissions
Answer: c

What is the purpose of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal’s remedial powers?
a) To impose harsh penalties on respondents
b) To provide compensation to complainants
c) To prevent discrimination in the future
d) To enforce criminal sanctions
Answer: c

Can decisions of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal be appealed to the Supreme Court of Canada?
a) Yes, in all cases
b) Yes, but only for criminal cases
c) No, decisions are final
d) No, appeals must be made to a federal court of appeal
Answer: c

What role does the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal play in addressing systemic discrimination?
a) It does not address systemic discrimination
b) It can issue orders to address systemic discrimination
c) It only addresses individual cases of discrimination
d) It can issue criminal charges for systemic discrimination
Answer: b

Which level of government has the power to enact laws affecting the jurisdiction and powers of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal?
a) Municipal government
b) Provincial government
c) Territorial government
d) Federal government
Answer: d

Can the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal award punitive damages to complainants?
a) Yes, in all cases
b) Yes, but only if requested by the complainant
c) No, it can only award compensatory damages
d) No, it can only issue injunctions
Answer: c

What is the relationship between the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal and the Canadian Human Rights Commission?
a) They are the same organization
b) The Commission is a tribunal of the Tribunal
c) The Commission initiates complaints and the Tribunal adjudicates cases
d) The Commission reviews Tribunal decisions
Answer: c

In cases involving the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal, what is the role of legal counsel?
a) To represent the respondent only
b) To represent the complainant only
c) To provide legal advice to both parties
d) To mediate between the parties
Answer: c

What is the procedure for appealing a decision of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal?
a) Filing a complaint with the Tribunal
b) Requesting a review by the Minister of Justice
c) Filing an appeal with a federal court of appeal
d) Filing an appeal with the provincial court
Answer: c

Can the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal award legal costs to the parties involved in a case?
a) Yes, to the complainant only
b) Yes, to the respondent only
c) Yes, to both parties
d) No, legal costs are not awarded
Answer: c

Can the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal order specific performance as a remedy?
a) Yes, in all cases
b) Yes, but only for federal government agencies
c) No, it can only issue monetary compensation
d) No, specific performance is not a remedy
Answer: d

What is the standard process for resolving a complaint with the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal?
a) Investigation, trial, verdict
b) Mediation, investigation, trial
c) Mediation, arbitration, verdict
d) Investigation, arbitration, verdict
Answer: b

Which federal agency provides oversight and guidance to the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal?
a) Royal Canadian Mounted Police
b) Canadian Security Intelligence Service
c) Department of Justice Canada
d) Public Safety Canada
Answer: c

How does the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal handle cases involving international law?
a) It follows the rules of international law
b) It defers to international courts for resolution
c) It can consider international law principles
d) It does not have jurisdiction over international cases
Answer: c

What role does the Minister of Justice play in relation to the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal?
a) Initiates complaints
b) Appoints Tribunal members
c) Acts as legal counsel to respondents
d) Reviews Tribunal decisions
Answer: b

How are members of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal compensated for their service?
a) They receive a salary from the federal government
b) They receive compensation from complainants
c) They are volunteers and receive no compensation
d) They are compensated by the provincial government
Answer: a

What is the primary objective of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal’s decision-making process?
a) To establish guilt or innocence
b) To ensure compliance with federal laws
c) To provide restitution to victims
d) To uphold human rights and prevent discrimination
Answer: d

How does the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal address cases involving employment discrimination?
a) By referring cases to labor unions
b) By filing criminal charges
c) By issuing warnings to employers
d) By hearing cases and issuing rulings
Answer: d

What is the purpose of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal’s public education initiatives?
a) To advocate for changes in government policy
b) To raise awareness about human rights issues
c) To promote the interests of the government
d) To lobby for increased funding
Answer: b

Can decisions of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal be challenged on the basis of legal errors?
a) Yes, in all cases
b) Yes, but only by the Minister of Justice
c) No, decisions are final and binding
d) No, decisions can only be challenged through mediation
Answer: a

What is the significance of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal in ensuring equal treatment and protection of human rights in Canada?
a) It has no impact on equal treatment and human rights
b) It plays a vital role in adjudicating human rights complaints and enforcing anti-discrimination laws
c) It is responsible for passing new legislation to protect human rights
d) It can only make recommendations to the government regarding human rights issues
Answer: b

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