Canadian Indigenous Treaties MCQs with Answer

Which Indigenous territory is located in the northernmost part of Canada and is predominantly inhabited by the Inuit people?
a) Yukon
b) Northwest Territories
c) Nunavut
d) Manitoba
Answer: c) Nunavut

Which historic treaty was signed in 1877 between the Canadian government and various Indigenous nations in the southern plains, including the Blackfoot Confederacy?
a) Treaty 6
b) Treaty 7
c) Treaty 8
d) Treaty 4
Answer: b) Treaty 7

The Nisga’a Nation in British Columbia became the first Indigenous group in Canada to sign a modern treaty. What is this treaty called?
a) Treaty 6
b) Nisga’a Treaty
c) Treaty 8
d) James Bay Treaty
Answer: b) Nisga’a Treaty

The “Numbered Treaties” refer to a series of agreements between the Canadian government and Indigenous peoples. How many Numbered Treaties are there?
a) 5
b) 7
c) 11
d) 13
Answer: d) 13

The Peace and Friendship Treaties were signed primarily in the Maritimes between Indigenous nations and European settlers. How many Peace and Friendship Treaties are there?
a) 5
b) 7
c) 11
d) 13
Answer: b) 7

Which Indigenous territory covers a large portion of northern Quebec and Labrador and is home to the Cree and Inuit peoples?
a) Yukon
b) Nunavut
c) Nunatsiavut
d) Inuvialuit
Answer: c) Nunatsiavut

The “Williams Treaties” refer to a series of agreements signed in the early 20th century between the Canadian government and Indigenous nations in which province?
a) Ontario
b) Manitoba
c) Saskatchewan
d) Alberta
Answer: a) Ontario

In 1923, which Indigenous leader famously remarked, “When the last tree is cut, the last fish is caught, and the last river is polluted; when to breathe the air is sickening, you will realize, too late, that wealth is not in bank accounts and that you can’t eat money?
a) Louis Riel
b) Chief Dan George
c) Tecumseh
d) Big Bear
Answer: b) Chief Dan George

The “Indian Act” is a piece of Canadian legislation that has had a significant impact on Indigenous communities. In which year was it first enacted?
a) 1857
b) 1876
c) 1905
d) 1920
Answer: b) 1876

The James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement was signed in 1975 and was the first modern land claim agreement in Canada. Which Indigenous group was primarily involved in this agreement?
a) Inuit
b) Cree
c) Haida
d) Ojibwe
Answer: b) Cree

Which Indigenous territory in the Canadian Arctic was established in 1984 and is governed by the Inuvialuit Regional Corporation?
a) Nunavut
b) Northwest Territories
c) Yukon
d) Inuvialuit Settlement Region
Answer: d) Inuvialuit Settlement Region

The “Mi’kmaq Treaties” refer to agreements between the Mi’kmaq people and European settlers in the Maritimes. Which numbered treaty is the most well-known?
a) Treaty 1
b) Treaty 4
c) Treaty 6
d) Treaty of 1752
Answer: d) Treaty of 1752

The “Douglas Treaties” were a series of land agreements signed between Indigenous peoples and James Douglas, then the governor of which colony?
a) Nova Scotia
b) Newfoundland
c) British Columbia
d) Prince Edward Island
Answer: c) British Columbia

The “Robinson-Superior Treaty” is also known as which numbered treaty?
a) Treaty 2
b) Treaty 5
c) Treaty 8
d) Treaty 9
Answer: d) Treaty 9

The Inuit of Nunavik, Quebec, are governed by the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement, as well as which additional modern treaty?
a) Nisga’a Treaty
b) Nunavut Land Claims Agreement
c) Haida Nation Treaty
d) Yukon Land Claims Agreement
Answer: b) Nunavut Land Claims Agreement

The “Sahtu Dene and Métis Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement” pertains to which Indigenous group in Canada?
a) Ojibwe
b) Cree
c) Sahtu Dene and Métis
d) Haida
Answer: c) Sahtu Dene and Métis

The “Modern Treaty Era” in Canada refers to a period when modern land claim agreements were negotiated between the Canadian government and Indigenous groups. When did this era begin?
a) 1950s
b) 1970s
c) 1990s
d) 2000s
Answer: b) 1970s

The “Nunavut Land Claims Agreement” led to the creation of the territory of Nunavut in 1999. Which Indigenous group was primarily involved in this agreement?
a) Inuit
b) Cree
c) Haida
d) Ojibwe
Answer: a) Inuit

Which historic treaty, signed in 1871, surrendered Indigenous land in the western prairies and allowed for the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway?
a) Treaty 1
b) Treaty 4
c) Treaty 6
d) Treaty 7
Answer: b) Treaty 4

The “Tungavik Federation of Nunavut” was established to oversee the implementation of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement. What does “Tungavik” mean?
a) Unity
b) Land
c) Community
d) Inuit
Answer: b) Land

The “Nunavik Marine Region Land Claim” is a modern treaty agreement involving which Indigenous group?
a) Inuit of Nunavik
b) Mi’kmaq of Nova Scotia
c) Nisga’a Nation
d) Sahtu Dene and Métis
Answer: a) Inuit of Nunavik

The “Heiltsuk Nation Treaty” is a modern treaty agreement involving which Indigenous group?
a) Heiltsuk Nation
b) Haida Nation
c) Mi’kmaq of Nova Scotia
d) Nlaka’pamux Nation
Answer: a) Heiltsuk Nation

The “Tsawwassen First Nation Treaty” is a modern treaty agreement involving which Indigenous group?
a) Tsawwassen First Nation
b) Haida Nation
c) Mi’kmaq of Nova Scotia
d) Nlaka’pamux Nation
Answer: a) Tsawwassen First Nation

Which Indigenous territory covers parts of northern Quebec, Labrador, and the northeastern islands of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago?
a) Nunavut
b) Nunatsiavut
c) Inuvialuit Settlement Region
d) Yukon
Answer: b) Nunatsiavut

The “Williams Treaties” were signed in the early 20th century between Indigenous nations and the Canadian government in which province?
a) Ontario
b) Quebec
c) British Columbia
d) Alberta
Answer: a) Ontario

In 1923, which Indigenous leader delivered a speech at the Empire Club in Toronto, emphasizing the importance of respecting and protecting the environment?
a) Louis Riel
b) Chief Dan George
c) Tecumseh
d) Big Bear
Answer: b) Chief Dan George

The “Indian Act” is a piece of Canadian legislation that significantly affected Indigenous communities. In which year was it first enacted?
a) 1857
b) 1876
c) 1905
d) 1920
Answer: b) 1876

The “James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement” in 1975 was the first modern land claim agreement in Canada. Which Indigenous group was primarily involved?
a) Inuit
b) Cree
c) Haida
d) Ojibwe
Answer: b) Cree

Which Indigenous territory in the Canadian Arctic is governed by the Inuvialuit Regional Corporation?
a) Nunavut
b) Northwest Territories
c) Yukon
d) Inuvialuit Settlement Region
Answer: d) Inuvialuit Settlement Region

The “Mi’kmaq Treaties” refer to agreements between the Mi’kmaq people and European settlers. Which treaty is the most well-known?
a) Treaty 1
b) Treaty 4
c) Treaty 6
d) Treaty of 1752
Answer: d) Treaty of 1752

The “Douglas Treaties” were a series of land agreements signed between Indigenous peoples and James Douglas, then governor of which colony?
a) Nova Scotia
b) Newfoundland
c) British Columbia
d) Prince Edward Island
Answer: c) British Columbia

The “Robinson-Superior Treaty” is also known as which numbered treaty?
a) Treaty 2
b) Treaty 5
c) Treaty 8
d) Treaty 9
Answer: d) Treaty 9

Which modern treaty covers the Sahtu Dene and Métis of the Sahtu region in the Northwest Territories?
a) Nisga’a Treaty
b) Tsawwassen First Nation Treaty
c) Sahtu Dene and Métis Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement
d) Inuvialuit Final Agreement
Answer: c) Sahtu Dene and Métis Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement

The “Nisga’a Treaty” was signed in 2000 between the Nisga’a Nation and which level of government in Canada?
a) Federal government
b) Provincial government of British Columbia
c) Municipal government
d) Indigenous government
Answer: b) Provincial government of British Columbia

The “Labrador Inuit Land Claims Agreement” established the Nunatsiavut territory in which province?
a) Newfoundland and Labrador
b) Prince Edward Island
c) Nova Scotia
d) New Brunswick
Answer: a) Newfoundland and Labrador

Which modern treaty is associated with the Tlicho people of the Northwest Territories?
a) Tlicho Agreement
b) Nisga’a Treaty
c) Mi’kmaq Treaties
d) Sahtu Dene and Métis Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement
Answer: a) Tlicho Agreement

The “Yukon Land Claims Agreement” is a modern treaty that involves which Indigenous group?
a) Inuit of Yukon
b) Gwich’in
c) Haida Nation
d) Cree
Answer: a) Inuit of Yukon

The “Nunavut Agreement” paved the way for the creation of Nunavut as a new territory in Canada. When was this agreement signed?
a) 1982
b) 1993
c) 1999
d) 2005
Answer: c) 1999

Which Indigenous group primarily benefited from the “Nunavik Marine Region Land Claim Agreement” in Quebec?
a) Inuit of Nunavik
b) Mi’kmaq of Nova Scotia
c) Nisga’a Nation
d) Sahtu Dene and Métis
Answer: a) Inuit of Nunavik

The “Haida Nation Treaty” is a modern treaty agreement involving which Indigenous group?
a) Haida Nation
b) Heiltsuk Nation
c) Mi’kmaq of Nova Scotia
d) Nlaka’pamux Nation
Answer: a) Haida Nation

The “Tungavik Federation of Nunavut” is responsible for implementing which modern treaty?
a) Nisga’a Treaty
b) Nunavut Land Claims Agreement
c) Tsawwassen First Nation Treaty
d) James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement
Answer: b) Nunavut Land Claims Agreement

Which Indigenous group is primarily involved in the “Tsawwassen First Nation Treaty” in British Columbia?
a) Tsawwassen First Nation
b) Haida Nation
c) Mi’kmaq of Nova Scotia
d) Nlaka’pamux Nation
Answer: a) Tsawwassen First Nation

The “Labrador Inuit Land Claims Agreement” established the Nunatsiavut territory in which province?
a) Newfoundland and Labrador
b) Prince Edward Island
c) Nova Scotia
d) New Brunswick
Answer: a) Newfoundland and Labrador

Which Indigenous group primarily benefits from the “Sahtu Dene and Métis Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement” in the Northwest Territories?
a) Ojibwe
b) Cree
c) Sahtu Dene and Métis
d) Haida Nation
Answer: c) Sahtu Dene and Métis

The “Nisga’a Treaty” was signed in 2000 between the Nisga’a Nation and which level of government in Canada?
a) Federal government
b) Provincial government of British Columbia
c) Municipal government
d) Indigenous government
Answer: b) Provincial government of British Columbia

Which Indigenous group is primarily involved in the “Heiltsuk Nation Treaty” in British Columbia?
a) Heiltsuk Nation
b) Haida Nation
c) Mi’kmaq of Nova Scotia
d) Nlaka’pamux Nation
Answer: a) Heiltsuk Nation

The “Nunavut Agreement” paved the way for the creation of Nunavut as a new territory in Canada. When was this agreement signed?
a) 1982
b) 1993
c) 1999
d) 2005
Answer: c) 1999

Which Indigenous group is primarily involved in the “Nunavik Marine Region Land Claim Agreement” in Quebec?
a) Inuit of Nunavik
b) Mi’kmaq of Nova Scotia
c) Nisga’a Nation
d) Sahtu Dene and Métis
Answer: a) Inuit of Nunavik

The “Haida Nation Treaty” is a modern treaty agreement involving which Indigenous group?
a) Haida Nation
b) Heiltsuk Nation
c) Mi’kmaq of Nova Scotia
d) Nlaka’pamux Nation
Answer: a) Haida Nation

Which Indigenous group primarily benefits from the “Nisga’a Treaty” in British Columbia?
a) Nisga’a Nation
b) Heiltsuk Nation
c) Mi’kmaq of Nova Scotia
d) Nlaka’pamux Nation
Answer: a) Nisga’a Nation

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