Canadian Landforms MCQs With Answer

What iconic Canadian landform is often associated with the province of Alberta?
A) Niagara Falls
B) Rocky Mountains
C) Bay of Fundy
D) Great Lakes
Answer: B) Rocky Mountains

Which geological feature separates the Canadian Shield from the interior plains?
A) Rocky Mountains
B) Appalachian Mountains
C) Hudson Bay
D) St. Lawrence River
Answer: B) Appalachian Mountains

Which province is known for its stunning fjords and coastal mountains?
A) British Columbia
B) Quebec
C) Newfoundland and Labrador
D) Saskatchewan
Answer: A) British Columbia

The highest point in Canada is located in which mountain range?
A) Rocky Mountains
B) Appalachian Mountains
C) Coast Mountains
D) St. Elias Mountains
Answer: D) St. Elias Mountains

The massive glacially carved lake that forms part of the border between Canada and the United States is called:
A) Lake Superior
B) Great Slave Lake
C) Lake Ontario
D) Lake Erie
Answer: A) Lake Superior

What natural formation is the centerpiece of Prince Edward Island’s geography?
A) Rocky Mountains
B) Appalachian Mountains
C) Confederation Bridge
D) Green Gables
Answer: C) Confederation Bridge

The unique red sandstone cliffs and beaches are a distinct feature of which Canadian province?
A) Nova Scotia
B) British Columbia
C) Ontario
D) Manitoba
Answer: A) Nova Scotia

The expansive flatlands located in the heart of Canada are known as:
A) Canadian Shield
B) Rocky Mountains
C) Interior Plains
D) Appalachian Plateau
Answer: C) Interior Plains

What is the name of the massive ice sheet that once covered much of Canada during the last ice age?
A) Arctic Ice Cap
B) Laurentide Ice Sheet
C) Glacial Shield
D) Rocky Ice Formation
Answer: B) Laurentide Ice Sheet

Which landform separates the Canadian Shield from the Great Lakes region?
A) St. Lawrence River
B) Hudson Bay
C) Appalachian Mountains
D) Mackenzie River
Answer: A) St. Lawrence River

The Grand Canyon of Canada, known for its red rock formations, is located in which province?
A) British Columbia
B) Alberta
C) Saskatchewan
D) Manitoba
Answer: B) Alberta

The stunning archipelago known as Haida Gwaii is located in which province?
A) Newfoundland and Labrador
B) British Columbia
C) Nova Scotia
D) Quebec
Answer: B) British Columbia

Which landform connects Prince Edward Island to the mainland of Canada?
A) Cabot Strait
B) Confederation Bridge
C) Bay of Fundy
D) Gulf of St. Lawrence
Answer: B) Confederation Bridge

The scenic coastal drive known as the Cabot Trail winds through which province’s landscapes?
A) Nova Scotia
B) New Brunswick
C) Prince Edward Island
D) Newfoundland and Labrador
Answer: A) Nova Scotia

The prominent natural boundary that separates Canada and the United States is called:
A) Appalachian Mountains
B) Rocky Mountains
C) Great Lakes
D) 49th Parallel
Answer: D) 49th Parallel

The extensive grasslands that stretch across parts of Alberta and Saskatchewan are known as the:
A) Rocky Mountains
B) Great Bear Plain
C) Boreal Forest
D) Canadian Prairies
Answer: D) Canadian Prairies

The impressive waterfall system that straddles the border between Canada and the United States is:
A) Niagara Falls
B) Athabasca Falls
C) Victoria Falls
D) Angel Falls
Answer: A) Niagara Falls

The barren and remote expanse located in the northernmost part of Canada is known as the:
A) Canadian Arctic
B) Boreal Forest
C) Canadian Shield
D) Great Bear Plain
Answer: A) Canadian Arctic

What iconic Canadian rock formation can be found in Alberta’s Waterton Lakes National Park?
A) Ayers Rock
B) Uluru
C) Hoodoos
D) Moraine Lake
Answer: C) Hoodoos

The largest freshwater lake located entirely within Canada is:
A) Lake Superior
B) Lake Huron
C) Great Bear Lake
D) Great Slave Lake
Answer: C) Great Bear Lake

The iconic red sandstone formations found in Prince Edward Island’s National Park are known as:
A) Hoodoos
B) Cliffs of Moher
C) Green Gables
D) Flowerpot Rocks
Answer: D) Flowerpot Rocks

The massive and rugged mountain range that stretches from the United States into Canada is the:
A) Appalachian Mountains
B) Rocky Mountains
C) Laurentian Mountains
D) Coast Mountains
Answer: B) Rocky Mountains

What unique geological feature can be seen at Hopewell Rocks in New Brunswick?
A) Fjords
B) Glaciers
C) Tidal Bore
D) Flowerpot Rocks
Answer: D) Flowerpot Rocks

The massive icebergs that drift along the coast of which province are a result of calving glaciers in Greenland?
A) Newfoundland and Labrador
B) British Columbia
C) Nova Scotia
D) Prince Edward Island
Answer: A) Newfoundland and Labrador

The unique geological feature that forms the border between Ontario and New York State is:
A) Hudson Bay
B) Great Lakes
C) Appalachian Mountains
D) Niagara Falls
Answer: D) Niagara Falls

The largest island in Canada and the fifth-largest island in the world is called:
A) Vancouver Island
B) Newfoundland Island
C) Baffin Island
D) Prince Edward Island
Answer: C) Baffin Island

The northernmost point in Canada is located on which island?
A) Ellesmere Island
B) Vancouver Island
C) Newfoundland Island
D) Prince Edward Island
Answer: A) Ellesmere Island

The long, narrow waterway that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes is the:
A) Gulf of St. Lawrence
B) St. Lawrence River
C) Mackenzie River
D) Columbia River
Answer: B) St. Lawrence River

The distinctive flat-topped mountains found in Quebec’s Gaspé Peninsula are known as:
A) Hoodoos
B) Inselbergs
C) Table Mountains
D) Shield Mountains
Answer: C) Table Mountains

The largest sand dunes in Canada, located on the shores of Lake Athabasca, are called:
A) Sahara Dunes
B) Great Sand Dunes
C) Athabasca Dunes
D) Spirit Sands
Answer: D) Spirit Sands

The large freshwater lake located east of Lake Superior and connected to the Atlantic Ocean is:
A) Lake Michigan
B) Lake Erie
C) Lake Huron
D) Lake Ontario
Answer: D) Lake Ontario

The unique tidal phenomenon known as a tidal bore is observed in which Canadian river?
A) St. Lawrence River
B) Mackenzie River
C) Fundy River
D) Churchill River
Answer: C) Fundy River

The large body of water located in the Arctic Ocean and bordered by Canada and Greenland is the:
A) Beaufort Sea
B) Labrador Sea
C) Hudson Bay
D) Baffin Bay
Answer: D) Baffin Bay

The rugged and scenic mountain range located along the western edge of British Columbia is the:
A) Appalachian Mountains
B) Coast Mountains
C) Rocky Mountains
D) Laurentian Mountains
Answer: B) Coast Mountains

The northernmost point of the mainland of Canada is located at the tip of which peninsula?
A) Labrador Peninsula
B) Bruce Peninsula
C) Gaspé Peninsula
D) Avalon Peninsula
Answer: C) Gaspé Peninsula

The largest freshwater island in the world is located in which Great Lake?
A) Lake Superior
B) Lake Michigan
C) Lake Ontario
D) Lake Erie
Answer: A) Lake Superior

The unique landform known as a hoodoo is a type of:
A) Sand dune
B) Mountain peak
C) Rock formation
D) Glacier
Answer: C) Rock formation

The immense freshwater lake that is the second-largest in the world by surface area is:
A) Lake Superior
B) Lake Huron
C) Lake Michigan
D) Lake Erie
Answer: B) Lake Huron

The remarkable “flowerpot” rock formations can be found in which national park?
A) Banff National Park
B) Gros Morne National Park
C) Fundy National Park
D) Pacific Rim National Park Reserve
Answer: C) Fundy National Park

The expansive freshwater lake that shares its name with the capital city of Ontario is:
A) Lake Erie
B) Lake Michigan
C) Lake Huron
D) Lake Ontario
Answer: D) Lake Ontario

The large, relatively shallow lake located between the provinces of Manitoba and Ontario is:
A) Lake Superior
B) Lake Manitoba
C) Lake Winnipeg
D) Lake Ontario
Answer: C) Lake Winnipeg

The glacier-fed lake famous for its stunning turquoise color is located in which national park?
A) Banff National Park
B) Jasper National Park
C) Yoho National Park
D) Glacier National Park
Answer: B) Jasper National Park

The geological feature that is formed by the erosion of softer rock layers beneath harder ones is called a:
A) Canyon
B) Plateau
C) Archipelago
D) Fjord
Answer: B) Plateau

The vast, treeless plain in the northernmost part of Canada is known as the:
A) Boreal Forest
B) Tundra
C) Taiga
D) Prairies
Answer: B) Tundra

The massive glacial formation that carved out the Great Lakes and shaped the landscape is called a:
A) Fjord
B) Moraine
C) U-shaped Valley
D) Karst Landscape
Answer: C) U-shaped Valley

The extensive lowland area located along the Atlantic coast of Canada is known as the:
A) Appalachian Mountains
B) Labrador Plateau
C) Canadian Shield
D) Maritime Plain
Answer: D) Maritime Plain

The large, shallow body of water located between Newfoundland and Labrador and the mainland of Canada is the:
A) Gulf of St. Lawrence
B) Hudson Bay
C) Bay of Fundy
D) Gulf of Mexico
Answer: A) Gulf of St. Lawrence

The broad river that flows through the Canadian prairies and eventually empties into Hudson Bay is the:
A) Mackenzie River
B) Ottawa River
C) Saskatchewan River
D) St. Lawrence River
Answer: C) Saskatchewan River

The geological phenomenon responsible for the stunning northern lights is known as the:
A) Midnight Sun
B) Aurora Borealis
C) Polar Vortex
D) Tidal Bore
Answer: B) Aurora Borealis

The large, irregularly shaped island located off the southwestern coast of Newfoundland is:
A) Cape Breton Island
B) Vancouver Island
C) Prince Edward Island
D) Newfoundland Island
Answer: D) Newfoundland Island

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