Canadian New France MCQs with Answer

Which European country established the colony of New France in Canada?
a) Spain
b) France
c) England
d) Portugal
Answer: b) France

The city of Quebec was founded by:
a) Jacques Cartier
b) Samuel de Champlain
c) René-Robert Cavelier
d) Louis Jolliet
Answer: b) Samuel de Champlain

The majority of settlers in New France were involved in:
a) Fishing and whaling
b) Fur trading
c) Agriculture and farming
d) Mining and metallurgy
Answer: c) Agriculture and farming

The economic backbone of New France was:
a) Fishing
b) Fur trade
c) Logging
d) Shipbuilding
Answer: b) Fur trade

The “Seigneurial System” in New France was primarily a system of:
a) Military defense
b) Religious organization
c) Land distribution and control
d) Taxation and governance
Answer: c) Land distribution and control

The primary purpose of New France’s “Habitants” was:
a) Fur trapping
b) Mercantile trade
c) Farming and agriculture
d) Religious conversion
Answer: c) Farming and agriculture

The “Black Robes” were Jesuit missionaries who played a significant role in:
a) Military campaigns
b) Fur trade negotiations
c) Religious conversion of Indigenous peoples
d) Exploration of new territories
Answer: c) Religious conversion of Indigenous peoples

The Treaty of Paris in 1763 resulted in:
a) France gaining control of Canada
b) England ceding control of Canada to Spain
c) England gaining control of Canada from France
d) Canada becoming an independent nation
Answer: c) England gaining control of Canada from France

The “Intendant” in New France was responsible for:
a) Religious affairs
b) Military command
c) Economic and administrative matters
d) Foreign relations
Answer: c) Economic and administrative matters

The “Code Noir” in New France was a set of laws related to:
a) Fur trading regulations
b) Religious freedom
c) Slavery and the treatment of slaves
d) Maritime exploration
Answer: c) Slavery and the treatment of slaves

The “Filles du Roi” were women sent to New France primarily for the purpose of:
a) Fur trading
b) Military service
c) Religious education
d) Marriage and population growth
Answer: d) Marriage and population growth

The largest and most influential Indigenous group in the Great Lakes region during the New France period were the:
a) Haida
b) Cree
c) Iroquois Confederacy
d) Mi’kmaq
Answer: c) Iroquois Confederacy

The “Battle of the Plains of Abraham” in 1759 was a pivotal conflict between:
a) France and England
b) England and Spain
c) Indigenous nations and European settlers
d) New France and the Thirteen Colonies
Answer: a) France and England

The “Quebec Act” of 1774 aimed to:
a) Establish religious freedom in New France
b) Encourage fur trading with Indigenous peoples
c) Promote French language and culture
d) Address the concerns of French Canadians following the British conquest
Answer: d) Address the concerns of French Canadians following the British conquest

The explorer who established the first French settlement in Canada, “Port-Royal,” was:
a) Jacques Cartier
b) Samuel de Champlain
c) René-Robert Cavelier
d) Louis Jolliet
Answer: a) Jacques Cartier

The “Fur Wars” in the 17th century were conflicts between the French and:
a) Dutch
b) Spanish
c) English
d) Portuguese
Answer: a) Dutch

The “Edict of Nantes” in 1598 allowed for:
a) Religious freedom for Protestants in New France
b) Trade alliances with Indigenous nations
c) Catholic missionary work in the Thirteen Colonies
d) The establishment of French colonies in Africa
Answer: a) Religious freedom for Protestants in New France

The explorer who navigated and mapped the St. Lawrence River, leading to the founding of Quebec, was:
a) Jacques Cartier
b) John Cabot
c) Henry Hudson
d) Samuel de Champlain
Answer: a) Jacques Cartier

The “Récollets” and “Ursulines” were associated with the establishment of:
a) Fur trading posts
b) Military forts
c) Schools and hospitals in New France
d) Seigneurial estates
Answer: c) Schools and hospitals in New France

The “Compagnie des Cent-Associés” was granted control over the colony of New France by:
a) The King of England
b) The Pope
c) The King of France
d) The Iroquois Confederacy
Answer: c) The King of France

The “Habitants” in New France were:
a) Indigenous leaders
b) French merchants
c) Seigneurs
d) Tenant farmers
Answer: d) Tenant farmers

The “Recensement” in New France was a:
a) Religious procession
b) Military campaign
c) Census or population count
d) Fur trading expedition
Answer: c) Census or population count

The Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 resulted in the transfer of which territory from France to England?
a) Newfoundland
b) Acadia (Nova Scotia)
c) Louisiana
d) New France
Answer: b) Acadia (Nova Scotia)

The “King’s Daughters” were young women who were sent to New France with the purpose of:
a) Establishing new religious orders
b) Marrying settlers and increasing the population
c) Engaging in fur trading
d) Assisting with military operations
Answer: b) Marrying settlers and increasing the population

The “Sovereign Council” in New France was responsible for:
a) Enforcing religious orthodoxy
b) Overseeing military campaigns
c) Judicial and administrative matters
d) Managing fur trading posts
Answer: c) Judicial and administrative matters

The explorer who established “Fort Louisbourg” in Nova Scotia was from which European country?
a) Spain
b) France
c) England
d) Portugal
Answer: b) France

The “Cabot Trail” is a scenic roadway located in which province of Canada?
a) Newfoundland and Labrador
b) Nova Scotia
c) Prince Edward Island
d) New Brunswick
Answer: b) Nova Scotia

The “Royal Proclamation of 1763” aimed to address land disputes between:
a) England and France
b) Indigenous peoples and European settlers
c) Spain and Portugal
d) New France and New England
Answer: b) Indigenous peoples and European settlers

The “Coureur des Bois” played a significant role in the fur trade of New France by:
a) Establishing trading posts
b) Exploring and trading independently
c) Sailing along the St. Lawrence River
d) Conquering Indigenous territories
Answer: b) Exploring and trading independently

The “Jesuits” were a religious order in New France known for their involvement in:
a) Fur trading
b) Military campaigns
c) Religious conversion and education
d) Exploration of new territories
Answer: c) Religious conversion and education

The “Cabot Strait,” a waterway separating Newfoundland from Cape Breton Island, is named after:
a) John Cabot
b) Jacques Cartier
c) Henry Hudson
d) Samuel de Champlain
Answer: a) John Cabot

The explorer who is known for establishing a fur trading post on the island of Montreal was:
a) Jacques Cartier
b) Samuel de Champlain
c) René-Robert Cavelier
d) Louis Jolliet
Answer: b) Samuel de Champlain

The “Battle of Quebec” in 1759 marked a turning point in which conflict?
a) French and Indian War
b) American Revolutionary War
c) War of 1812
d) Seven Years’ War
Answer: a) French and Indian War

The “Compagnie des Cent-Associés” was responsible for managing:
a) Religious missions
b) Military fortifications
c) Fur trading operations
d) Agricultural estates
Answer: c) Fur trading operations

The “Intendant” in New France was responsible for:
a) Religious affairs
b) Military command
c) Economic and administrative matters
d) Foreign relations
Answer: c) Economic and administrative matters

The “Récollets” and “Ursulines” were associated with the establishment of:
a) Fur trading posts
b) Military forts
c) Schools and hospitals in New France
d) Seigneurial estates
Answer: c) Schools and hospitals in New France

The “Louisiana Territory” was a region of New France that extended:
a) Along the Atlantic coastline
b) Along the Great Lakes
c) Along the Mississippi River and Gulf of Mexico
d) Along the St. Lawrence River
Answer: c) Along the Mississippi River and Gulf of Mexico

The “Coureurs des Bois” were French fur traders who were known for:
a) Operating within the confines of the fur trading companies
b) Exploring and trading independently in the wilderness
c) Establishing permanent settlements in New France
d) Being primarily involved in agricultural activities
Answer: b) Exploring and trading independently in the wilderness

The “Sovereign Council” in New France was responsible for:
a) Enforcing religious orthodoxy
b) Overseeing military campaigns
c) Judicial and administrative matters
d) Managing fur trading posts
Answer: c) Judicial and administrative matters

The “Filles du Roi” were women sent to New France primarily for the purpose of:
a) Fur trading
b) Military service
c) Religious education
d) Marriage and population growth
Answer: d) Marriage and population growth

The “Sulpicians” were a religious order in New France known for their involvement in:
a) Maritime exploration
b) Trade with Indigenous peoples
c) Agricultural development
d) Urban planning and education
Answer: d) Urban planning and education

The “Catholic Church” played a central role in New France by:
a) Managing fur trading operations
b) Establishing a monarchy
c) Promoting religious tolerance
d) Exerting significant influence over all aspects of life
Answer: d) Exerting significant influence over all aspects of life

The “Battle of the Plains of Abraham” in 1759 was a key event in the capture of which city?
a) Montreal
b) Quebec
c) New Orleans
d) Louisbourg
Answer: b) Quebec

The “Iroquois Confederacy” often engaged in conflicts with which European power in New France?
a) France
b) England
c) Spain
d) Portugal
Answer: a) France

The “Acadian Expulsion” was a significant event in which region of New France?
a) Newfoundland
b) Hudson Bay
c) Nova Scotia
d) Great Lakes
Answer: c) Nova Scotia

The “Quebec Act” of 1774 aimed to address the concerns of which group?
a) French Canadians
b) Indigenous peoples
c) British loyalists
d) Protestant settlers
Answer: a) French Canadians

The “Voyageurs” in New France were primarily involved in:
a) Religious missions
b) Fur trade expeditions
c) Military campaigns
d) Seigneurial administration
Answer: b) Fur trade expeditions

The “Black Robes” were Jesuit missionaries who played a significant role in:
a) Military campaigns
b) Fur trade negotiations
c) Religious conversion of Indigenous peoples
d) Exploration of new territories
Answer: c) Religious conversion of Indigenous peoples

The “Récollets” were Franciscan friars who were involved in:
a) Establishing fur trading posts
b) Evangelizing Indigenous communities
c) Providing medical care
d) Engaging in military campaigns
Answer: b) Evangelizing Indigenous communities

The “Code Noir” in New France primarily regulated the lives of:
a) Indigenous peoples
b) Fur traders
c) Slaves
d) Catholic clergy
Answer: c) Slaves

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