World GK MCQs

Political Philosophies MCQs with Answers

Which political philosophy advocates for the abolition of private property and the establishment of a classless society?
a) Liberalism
b) Conservatism
c) Socialism
d) Fascism
Answer: c) Socialism

According to classical liberalism, what is the primary role of government?
a) To protect individual liberties and property rights
b) To promote social equality
c) To maintain a strong military
d) To enforce religious laws
Answer: a) To protect individual liberties and property rights

Which political philosophy emphasizes the importance of tradition, authority, and social stability?
a) Anarchism
b) Marxism
c) Conservatism
d) Libertarianism
Answer: c) Conservatism

Who is considered the father of modern political conservatism?
a) Karl Marx
b) John Locke
c) Edmund Burke
d) Friedrich Hayek
Answer: c) Edmund Burke

Which political ideology advocates for a limited role of government in economic and social affairs?
a) Socialism
b) Communism
c) Liberalism
d) Totalitarianism
Answer: c) Liberalism

Which political philosophy argues for the equal distribution of wealth and resources in society?
a) Libertarianism
b) Capitalism
c) Socialism
d) Fascism
Answer: c) Socialism

Who is associated with the idea of the “invisible hand” in the context of economics and politics?
a) Adam Smith
b) John Locke
c) Karl Marx
d) Friedrich Hayek
Answer: a) Adam Smith

Which political ideology emphasizes the importance of community and cooperation over individualism?
a) Liberalism
b) Anarchism
c) Communitarianism
d) Fascism
Answer: c) Communitarianism

Which political philosophy advocates for the complete absence of government and the establishment of a stateless society?
a) Authoritarianism
b) Anarchism
c) Totalitarianism
d) Fascism
Answer: b) Anarchism

Who is associated with the concept of the “social contract” in political philosophy?
a) Thomas Hobbes
b) Jean-Jacques Rousseau
c) John Locke
d) Immanuel Kant
Answer: c) John Locke

Which political ideology advocates for a planned economy and the abolition of private ownership of the means of production?
a) Capitalism
b) Liberalism
c) Fascism
d) Communism
Answer: d) Communism

Who is considered the father of modern socialism?
a) Karl Marx
b) Vladimir Lenin
c) Leon Trotsky
d) Friedrich Engels
Answer: a) Karl Marx

Which political philosophy promotes the idea that individual rights should be prioritized over collective interests?
a) Collectivism
b) Egalitarianism
c) Individualism
d) Totalitarianism
Answer: c) Individualism

Which political ideology advocates for strong government control and the suppression of individual liberties?
a) Liberalism
b) Anarchism
c) Fascism
d) Libertarianism
Answer: c) Fascism

Who is associated with the concept of “natural rights” in political philosophy?
a) John Locke
b) Karl Marx
c) Friedrich Nietzsche
d) Immanuel Kant
Answer: a) John Locke

Which political philosophy emphasizes the importance of the working class and the need for a revolution to establish a classless society?
a) Socialism
b) Capitalism
c) Liberalism
d) Conservatism
Answer: a) Socialism

Which political ideology advocates for the primacy of the nation or ethnic group above individual interests?
a) Nationalism
b) Internationalism
c) Cosmopolitanism
d) Pluralism
Answer: a) Nationalism

Who is associated with the idea of “class struggle” in the context of social and economic inequality?
a) Karl Marx
b) Friedrich Hayek
c) John Stuart Mill
d) Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Answer: a) Karl Marx

Which political philosophy advocates for the establishment of a society based on voluntary cooperation and mutual aid?
a) Capitalism
b) Socialism
c) Fascism
d) Libertarianism
Answer: d) Libertarianism

Who is associated with the concept of “classical republicanism” in political thought?
a) Aristotle
b) Thomas Hobbes
c) Niccolò Machiavelli
d) John Locke
Answer: c) Niccolò Machiavelli

Which political ideology emphasizes the importance of individual freedom and limited government intervention?
a) Fascism
b) Socialism
c) Libertarianism
d) Totalitarianism
Answer: c) Libertarianism

Who is associated with the concept of “power elite” in political sociology?
a) Max Weber
b) Karl Marx
c) Michel Foucault
d) C. Wright Mills
Answer: d) C. Wright Mills

Which political philosophy promotes the idea of a strong central authority and strict obedience to a single leader?
a) Anarchism
b) Totalitarianism
c) Liberalism
d) Pluralism
Answer: b) Totalitarianism

Who is associated with the idea of “the end justifies the means” in political ethics?
a) Immanuel Kant
b) John Locke
c) Niccolò Machiavelli
d) Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Answer: c) Niccolò Machiavelli

Which political ideology advocates for the free market and private ownership of the means of production?
a) Capitalism
b) Socialism
c) Communism
d) Fascism
Answer: a) Capitalism

Who is associated with the idea of “civil disobedience” as a form of protest against unjust laws?
a) Martin Luther King Jr.
b) Mahatma Gandhi
c) Nelson Mandela
d) Rosa Parks
Answer: b) Mahatma Gandhi

Which political philosophy advocates for the protection of the environment and sustainable development?
a) Green politics
b) Neoconservatism
c) Populism
d) Fascism
Answer: a) Green politics

Who is associated with the idea of “utilitarianism” in political ethics?
a) Jeremy Bentham
b) John Locke
c) Jean-Jacques Rousseau
d) Karl Marx
Answer: a) Jeremy Bentham

Which political ideology emphasizes the importance of equal rights and opportunities for women?
a) Feminism
b) Patriarchy
c) Machismo
d) Chauvinism
Answer: a) Feminism

Who is associated with the concept of “separation of powers” in political theory?
a) Montesquieu
b) Thomas Hobbes
c) John Locke
d) Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Answer: a) Montesquieu

Which political philosophy advocates for the establishment of a single world government?
a) Globalism
b) Nationalism
c) Populism
d) Pluralism
Answer: a) Globalism

Who is associated with the idea of “cultural relativism” in the field of political anthropology?
a) Clifford Geertz
b) Max Weber
c) Michel Foucault
d) Émile Durkheim
Answer: a) Clifford Geertz

Which political ideology emphasizes the importance of economic equality and social justice?
a) Egalitarianism
b) Pluralism
c) Totalitarianism
d) Libertarianism
Answer: a) Egalitarianism

Who is associated with the concept of “positive liberty” in political theory?
a) Isaiah Berlin
b) John Locke
c) Thomas Hobbes
d) Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Answer: a) Isaiah Berlin

Which political philosophy promotes the idea that governments should prioritize the well-being and happiness of citizens?
a) Utilitarianism
b) Existentialism
c) Nihilism
d) Anarchism
Answer: a) Utilitarianism

Who is associated with the idea of “intersectionality” in the context of social and political analysis?
a) Kimberlé Crenshaw
b) Angela Davis
c) bell hooks
d) Audre Lorde
Answer: a) Kimberlé Crenshaw

Which political ideology promotes the idea of a society based on racial or ethnic superiority?
a) Multiculturalism
b) Pluralism
c) Fascism
d) Liberalism
Answer: c) Fascism

Who is associated with the concept of “class consciousness” in Marxist theory?
a) Karl Marx
b) Friedrich Engels
c) Vladimir Lenin
d) Rosa Luxemburg
Answer: a) Karl Marx

Which political philosophy advocates for the establishment of a system based on direct citizen participation and decision-making?
a) Representative democracy
b) Oligarchy
c) Pluralism
d) Direct democracy
Answer: d) Direct democracy

Who is associated with the concept of “anomie” in the field of political sociology?
a) Émile Durkheim
b) Max Weber
c) Michel Foucault
d) Karl Marx
Answer: a) Émile Durkheim

 

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