Physics MCQs

Condensed Matter Physics MCQs with Answers

Which of the following is not a type of crystal structure?
a) Cubic
b) Hexagonal
c) Amorphous
d) Tetragonal
Answer: c) Amorphous

What is the term for the resistance of a material to the flow of electric current?
a) Conductance
b) Impedance
c) Resistivity
d) Conductivity
Answer: c) Resistivity

What is the phenomenon where a material’s resistance drops to zero at very low temperatures?
a) Superconductivity
b) Ferromagnetism
c) Ferroelectricity
d) Superfluidity
Answer: a) Superconductivity

Which of the following is not a type of magnetism?
a) Diamagnetism
b) Paramagnetism
c) Ferromagnetism
d) Conductivity
Answer: d) Conductivity

What is the term for the arrangement of atoms or molecules in a material?
a) Lattice
b) Crystal structure
c) Unit cell
d) Amorphous
Answer: a) Lattice

Which of the following is not a type of solid material?
a) Metal
b) Polymer
c) Liquid
d) Ceramic
Answer: c) Liquid

What is the term for the ability of a material to be drawn into a wire?
a) Malleability
b) Ductility
c) Brittleness
d) Conductivity
Answer: b) Ductility

Which of the following is not a property of semiconductors?
a) High electrical conductivity
b) Intermediate band gap
c) Temperature-dependent conductivity
d) Ability to control conductivity with doping
Answer: a) High electrical conductivity

What is the term for the measure of a material’s ability to store electrical energy in an electric field?
a) Capacitance
b) Conductivity
c) Resistivity
d) Inductance
Answer: a) Capacitance

What is the term for the bending of light as it passes through a medium with different refractive index?
a) Reflection
b) Diffraction
c) Refraction
d) Scattering
Answer: c) Refraction

Which of the following is a type of bonding in which electrons are shared between atoms?
a) Ionic bonding
b) Metallic bonding
c) Covalent bonding
d) Van der Waals bonding
Answer: c) Covalent bonding

What is the term for the ordered arrangement of atoms or molecules in a crystalline material?
a) Unit cell
b) Lattice
c) Crystal structure
d) Amorphous structure
Answer: c) Crystal structure

Which of the following materials has a high electrical conductivity?
a) Insulator
b) Semiconductor
c) Superconductor
d) Dielectric
Answer: c) Superconductor

What is the term for the ability of a material to withstand mechanical stress without permanent deformation?
a) Elasticity
b) Plasticity
c) Ductility
d) Toughness
Answer: a) Elasticity

Which of the following is a property of ferromagnetic materials?
a) Spontaneous magnetization
b) Zero electrical resistance
c) High optical transparency
d) High thermal conductivity
Answer: a) Spontaneous magnetization

What is the term for the property of a material to exhibit different crystal structures at different temperatures?
a) Polymorphism
b) Allotropy
c) Phase transition
d) Crystallography
Answer: b) Allotropy

Which of the following materials has a large energy band gap and high electrical resistance?
a) Metal
b) Insulator
c) Semiconductor
d) Superconductor
Answer: b) Insulator

What is the term for the ability of a material to absorb and store heat energy?
a) Thermal conductivity
b) Specific heat capacity
c) Thermal expansion
d) Thermal insulation
Answer: b) Specific heat capacity

Which of the following is not a type of crystal defect?
a) Vacancy
b) Dislocation
c) Impurity
d) Conductivity
Answer: d) Conductivity

What is the term for the movement of electrons in response to an applied electric field?
a) Conductivity
b) Resistivity
c) Mobility
d) Charge density
Answer: c) Mobility

Which of the following is a type of bonding in which electrons are transferred from one atom to another?
a) Ionic bonding
b) Metallic bonding
c) Covalent bonding
d) Van der Waals bonding
Answer: a) Ionic bonding

What is the term for the measure of a material’s ability to conduct heat?
a) Thermal conductivity
b) Specific heat capacity
c) Thermal expansion
d) Thermal insulation
Answer: a) Thermal conductivity

Which of the following materials has a moderate energy band gap and intermediate electrical conductivity?
a) Metal
b) Insulator
c) Semiconductor
d) Superconductor
Answer: c) Semiconductor

What is the term for the phenomenon where a material’s electrical resistance decreases with increasing temperature?
a) Superconductivity
b) Ferromagnetism
c) Thermoelectric effect
d) Positive temperature coefficient
Answer: d) Positive temperature coefficient

Which of the following is a property of diamagnetic materials?
a) Strong attraction to magnetic fields
b) Weak repulsion from magnetic fields
c) Spontaneous magnetization
d) Ferromagnetism
Answer: b) Weak repulsion from magnetic fields

What is the term for the property of a material to resist deformation under mechanical stress?
a) Elasticity
b) Plasticity
c) Ductility
d) Toughness
Answer: a) Elasticity

Which of the following materials has a large energy band gap and intermediate electrical resistance?
a) Metal
b) Insulator
c) Semiconductor
d) Superconductor
Answer: b) Insulator

What is the term for the measure of a material’s ability to conduct electricity?
a) Resistivity
b) Conductivity
c) Capacitance
d) Inductance
Answer: b) Conductivity

Which of the following is a type of bonding in which delocalized electrons move freely throughout the material?
a) Ionic bonding
b) Metallic bonding
c) Covalent bonding
d) Van der Waals bonding
Answer: b) Metallic bonding

What is the term for the ability of a material to store magnetic energy?
a) Magnetic permeability
b) Magnetic susceptibility
c) Magnetic hysteresis
d) Magnetic anisotropy
Answer: c) Magnetic hysteresis

Which of the following materials has a small energy band gap and high electrical conductivity?
a) Metal
b) Insulator
c) Semiconductor
d) Superconductor
Answer: a) Metal

What is the term for the movement of atoms or molecules in a material in response to an applied force?
a) Elasticity
b) Plasticity
c) Ductility
d) Toughness
Answer: b) Plasticity

Which of the following is a property of paramagnetic materials?
a) Weak attraction to magnetic fields
b) Strong repulsion from magnetic fields
c) Spontaneous magnetization
d) Ferromagnetism
Answer: a) Weak attraction to magnetic fields

What is the term for the measure of a material’s ability to resist the flow of electric current?
a) Conductance
b) Impedance
c) Resistivity
d) Conductivity
Answer: c) Resistivity

Which of the following materials has a small energy band gap and low electrical resistance?
a) Metal
b) Insulator
c) Semiconductor
d) Superconductor
Answer: a) Metal

What is the term for the resistance of a material to changes in its shape?
a) Elasticity
b) Plasticity
c) Ductility
d) Toughness
Answer: a) Elasticity

Which of the following is a property of ferroelectric materials?
a) Spontaneous electric polarization
b) Zero electrical resistance
c) High optical transparency
d) High thermal conductivity
Answer: a) Spontaneous electric polarization

What is the term for the measure of a material’s ability to resist changes in its shape under mechanical stress?
a) Elastic modulus
b) Plastic modulus
c) Ductility modulus
d) Toughness modulus
Answer: a) Elastic modulus

Which of the following materials has a large energy band gap and low electrical conductivity?
a) Metal
b) Insulator
c) Semiconductor
d) Superconductor
Answer: b) Insulator

What is the term for the arrangement of atoms or molecules in a material that lacks long-range order?
a) Amorphous
b) Crystalline
c) Polycrystalline
d) Unit cell
Answer: a) Amorphous

Which of the following is not a type of lattice structure?
a) Simple cubic
b) Body-centered cubic
c) Face-centered cubic
d) Amorphous
Answer: d) Amorphous

What is the term for the measure of a material’s ability to resist indentation or scratching?
a) Hardness
b) Toughness
c) Ductility
d) Brittleness
Answer: a) Hardness

Which of the following materials has a moderate energy band gap and low electrical resistance?
a) Metal
b) Insulator
c) Semiconductor
d) Superconductor
Answer: c) Semiconductor

What is the term for the ability of a material to conduct electricity under the influence of light?
a) Photoconductivity
b) Conductivity
c) Resistivity
d) Capacitance
Answer: a) Photoconductivity

Which of the following is a property of antiferromagnetic materials?
a) Spontaneous magnetization
b) Zero electrical resistance
c) High optical transparency
d) Alternating magnetic moments
Answer: d) Alternating magnetic moments

What is the term for the resistance of a material to changes in its volume?
a) Elasticity
b) Plasticity
c) Ductility
d) Toughness
Answer: a) Elasticity

Which of the following materials has a small energy band gap and intermediate electrical conductivity?
a) Metal
b) Insulator
c) Semiconductor
d) Superconductor
Answer: c) Semiconductor

What is the term for the measure of a material’s ability to store and release electrical energy?
a) Capacitance
b) Conductivity
c) Resistivity
d) Inductance
Answer: a) Capacitance

Which of the following is not a type of crystal structure?
a) Cubic
b) Hexagonal
c) Amorphous
d) Tetragonal
Answer: c) Amorphous

What is the term for the property of a material to exhibit different physical properties in different directions?
a) Anisotropy
b) Isotropy
c) Homogeneity
d) Heterogeneity
Answer: a) Anisotropy

Which of the following materials has a large energy band gap and high electrical resistance?
a) Metal
b) Insulator
c) Semiconductor
d) Superconductor
Answer: b) Insulator

What is the term for the measure of a material’s ability to transfer heat?
a) Thermal conductivity
b) Specific heat capacity
c) Thermal expansion
d) Thermal insulation
Answer: a) Thermal conductivity

Which of the following materials has a moderate energy band gap and high electrical conductivity?
a) Metal
b) Insulator
c) Semiconductor
d) Superconductor
Answer: a) Metal

What is the term for the property of a material to exhibit the same physical properties in all directions?
a) Isotropy
b) Anisotropy
c) Homogeneity
d) Heterogeneity
Answer: a) Isotropy

Which of the following is a property of ferromagnetic materials?
a) Weak attraction to magnetic fields
b) Strong repulsion from magnetic fields
c) Spontaneous magnetization
d) Alternating magnetic moments
Answer: c) Spontaneous magnetization

What is the term for the measure of a material’s ability to resist the flow of heat?
a) Thermal conductivity
b) Specific heat capacity
c) Thermal expansion
d) Thermal insulation
Answer: d) Thermal insulation

Which of the following materials has a small energy band gap and high electrical conductivity?
a) Metal
b) Insulator
c) Semiconductor
d) Superconductor
Answer: d) Superconductor

What is the term for the measure of a material’s ability to resist the flow of electric current in the presence of a magnetic field?
a) Conductance
b) Impedance
c) Resistivity
d) Conductivity
Answer: b) Impedance

Which of the following is not a type of lattice defect?
a) Vacancy
b) Dislocation
c) Impurity
d) Conductivity
Answer: d) Conductivity

What is the term for the measure of a material’s ability to store and release magnetic energy?
a) Magnetic permeability
b) Magnetic susceptibility
c) Magnetic hysteresis
d) Magnetic anisotropy
Answer: c) Magnetic hysteresis

Which of the following materials has a moderate energy band gap and low electrical resistance?
a) Metal
b) Insulator
c) Semiconductor
d) Superconductor
Answer: a) Metal

What is the term for the property of a material to exhibit the same crystal structure throughout its entire volume?
a) Homogeneity
b) Polymorphism
c) Isotropy
d) Heterogeneity
Answer: a) Homogeneity

Which of the following is a property of superconducting materials?
a) High electrical resistance
b) Low magnetic susceptibility
c) Spontaneous magnetization
d) Alternating magnetic moments
Answer: b) Low magnetic susceptibility

What is the term for the measure of a material’s ability to withstand mechanical stress without fracture?
a) Hardness
b) Toughness
c) Ductility
d) Brittleness
Answer: b) Toughness

Which of the following materials has a large energy band gap and high electrical conductivity?
a) Metal
b) Insulator
c) Semiconductor
d) Superconductor
Answer: b) Insulator

What is the term for the resistance of a material to changes in its shape without permanent deformation?
a) Elasticity
b) Plasticity
c) Ductility
d) Toughness
Answer: a) Elasticity

Which of the following is a property of antiferroelectric materials?
a) Spontaneous electric polarization
b) Zero electrical resistance
c) High optical transparency
d) Alternating electric dipoles
Answer: d) Alternating electric dipoles

What is the term for the measure of a material’s ability to resist changes in its volume under mechanical stress?
a) Elastic modulus
b) Plastic modulus
c) Ductility modulus
d) Toughness modulus
Answer: a) Elastic modulus

Which of the following materials has a small energy band gap and intermediate electrical conductivity?
a) Metal
b) Insulator
c) Semiconductor
d) Superconductor
Answer: c) Semiconductor

What is the term for the property of a material to exhibit different electrical properties in different directions?
a) Electrical anisotropy
b) Electrical isotropy
c) Electrical homogeneity
d) Electrical heterogeneity
Answer: a) Electrical anisotropy

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