Everyday Science MCQs

First Aid and Emergency Procedures MCQs with Answers

What is the first step in the primary survey of first aid?
a) Check for breathing
b) Check for pulse
c) Open the airway
d) Check for responsiveness
Answer: d) Check for responsiveness

What should you do if someone is experiencing severe bleeding?
a) Apply a tourniquet
b) Elevate the injured area
c) Apply direct pressure
d) Apply ice pack
Answer: c) Apply direct pressure

Which of the following is the correct method for performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)?
a) 15 chest compressions followed by 2 rescue breaths
b) 30 chest compressions followed by 2 rescue breaths
c) 10 chest compressions followed by 1 rescue breath
d) 20 chest compressions followed by 3 rescue breaths
Answer: b) 30 chest compressions followed by 2 rescue breaths

What is the recommended position for someone who is experiencing a fainting episode?
a) Standing upright
b) Lying flat on the back
c) Sitting with the head between the knees
d) Leaning forward with the head down
Answer: c) Sitting with the head between the knees

How should you treat a minor burn?
a) Apply ice directly to the burn
b) Pop any blisters that form
c) Rinse the burn with cool water
d) Apply butter or oil to the burn
Answer: c) Rinse the burn with cool water

What is the first step in caring for someone who is choking?
a) Perform abdominal thrusts (Heimlich maneuver)
b) Encourage them to cough forcefully
c) Perform back blows and chest thrusts
d) Perform rescue breaths
Answer: b) Encourage them to cough forcefully

How should you remove a foreign object from someone’s eye?
a) Rub the eye vigorously
b) Flush the eye with water
c) Use tweezers to pull out the object
d) Cover the eye with a bandage
Answer: b) Flush the eye with water

What is the recommended treatment for a sprained ankle?
a) Apply heat to the affected area
b) Apply a compression bandage
c) Massage the injured area
d) Elevate the foot
Answer: b) Apply a compression bandage

How should you manage a nosebleed?
a) Tilt the head back
b) Pinch the nostrils together and lean forward
c) Insert a cotton swab into the nose
d) Apply ice to the back of the neck
Answer: b) Pinch the nostrils together and lean forward

What should you do if someone is experiencing an allergic reaction with difficulty breathing and swelling of the face and throat?
a) Administer an antihistamine
b) Apply a cold compress to the affected area
c) Perform CPR
d) Call for emergency medical help (911) and use an epinephrine auto-injector if available
Answer: d) Call for emergency medical help (911) and use an epinephrine auto-injector if available

What is the correct order of steps in the Chain of Survival for cardiac arrest?
a) Recognition, early CPR, defibrillation, advanced life support, post-cardiac arrest care
b) Early CPR, recognition, defibrillation, advanced life support, post-cardiac arrest care
c) Early CPR, defibrillation, recognition, advanced life support, post-cardiac arrest care
d) Recognition, defibrillation, early CPR, advanced life support, post-cardiac arrest care
Answer: a) Recognition, early CPR, defibrillation, advanced life support, post-cardiac arrest care

How should you care for a snake bite?
a) Apply a tourniquet above the bite area
b) Clean the wound and cover it with a sterile dressing
c) Suck out the venom from the wound
d) Apply heat to the bite area
Answer: b) Clean the wound and cover it with a sterile dressing

What is the recommended treatment for a dislocated joint?
a) Apply ice to the joint
b) Try to pop the joint back into place
c) Immobilize the joint and seek medical help
d) Stretch and exercise the joint
Answer: c) Immobilize the joint and seek medical help

How should you care for a puncture wound?
a) Clean the wound with soap and water
b) Apply an adhesive bandage
c) Squeeze the wound to encourage bleeding
d) Apply heat to the wound
Answer: a) Clean the wound with soap and water

What is the first step in managing a fracture?
a) Immobilize the injured area
b) Apply ice to the injured area
c) Elevate the injured area
d) Check for bleeding
Answer: a) Immobilize the injured area

How should you care for a bee sting?
a) Apply a hot compress to the sting site
b) Apply an ice pack to the sting site
c) Remove the stinger with tweezers
d) Apply an antiseptic cream to the sting site
Answer: c) Remove the stinger with tweezers

What is the recommended treatment for a seizure?
a) Restrain the person to prevent injury
b) Place a spoon or other object in the person’s mouth
c) Time the duration of the seizure
d) Protect the person from injury by removing nearby objects and cushioning their head
Answer: d) Protect the person from injury by removing nearby objects and cushioning their head

How should you care for a minor cut or scrape?
a) Apply pressure to stop bleeding, clean the wound, and cover it with a sterile dressing
b) Apply heat to the wound to promote healing
c) Squeeze the wound to remove any debris
d) Apply an adhesive bandage without cleaning the wound
Answer: a) Apply pressure to stop bleeding, clean the wound, and cover it with a sterile dressing

What should you do if someone is experiencing a heatstroke?
a) Apply ice directly to the person’s skin
b) Encourage the person to drink cold water
c) Move the person to a cool area and lower their body temperature with cool water or ice packs
d) Give the person hot drinks to raise their body temperature
Answer: c) Move the person to a cool area and lower their body temperature with cool water or ice packs

What is the correct order of steps in the recovery position for an unconscious person?
a) Place the person on their back, open the airway, check for breathing, and monitor vital signs
b) Place the person on their side, tilt the head back, check for breathing, and monitor vital signs
c) Place the person on their side, tilt the head forward, check for breathing, and monitor vital signs
d) Place the person on their back, tilt the head back, check for breathing, and monitor vital signs
Answer: b) Place the person on their side, tilt the head back, check for breathing, and monitor vital signs

What should you do if someone is experiencing a severe allergic reaction with difficulty breathing and a swollen tongue or throat?
a) Encourage the person to lie down and rest
b) Give the person a glass of water to drink
c) Administer an antihistamine medication
d) Call for emergency medical help (911) and use an epinephrine auto-injector if available
Answer: d) Call for emergency medical help (911) and use an epinephrine auto-injector if available

How should you care for a tooth that has been knocked out?
a) Rinse the tooth with water and place it back into the socket
b) Rinse the tooth with water and keep it in a container of milk or saliva
c) Clean the tooth with alcohol and place it back into the socket
d) Do not attempt to reinsert the tooth and seek immediate dental care
Answer: b) Rinse the tooth with water and keep it in a container of milk or saliva

What is the recommended treatment for a nosebleed?
a) Tilt the head back
b) Pinch the nostrils together and lean forward
c) Blow forcefully to clear the nose
d) Apply heat to the back of the neck
Answer: b) Pinch the nostrils together and lean forward

What is the first step in caring for a conscious person who has inhaled a toxic substance?
a) Induce vomiting
b) Give the person water to drink
c) Move the person to fresh air
d) Administer activated charcoal
Answer: c) Move the person to fresh air

How should you care for a foreign object in the skin, such as a splinter or glass shard?
a) Use tweezers to remove the object
b) Press firmly on the object to push it out
c) Apply heat to the area to draw out the object
d) Leave the object in place and seek medical help
Answer: a) Use tweezers to remove the object

What is the recommended treatment for a bee or wasp sting?
a) Apply a cold compress to the sting site
b) Apply heat to the sting site
c) Remove the stinger with tweezers
d) Apply an antiseptic cream to the sting site
Answer: c) Remove the stinger with tweezers

How should you care for a minor burn?
a) Apply ice directly to the burn
b) Pop any blisters that form
c) Rinse the burn with cool water
d) Apply butter or oil to the burn
Answer: c) Rinse the burn with cool water

What should you do if someone is experiencing a seizure?
a) Restrain the person to prevent injury
b) Place a spoon or other object in the person’s mouth
c) Time the duration of the seizure
d) Protect the person from injury by removing nearby objects and cushioning their head
Answer: d) Protect the person from injury by removing nearby objects and cushioning their head

What is the recommended treatment for a sprained ankle?
a) Apply heat to the affected area
b) Apply a compression bandage
c) Massage the injured area
d) Elevate the foot
Answer: b) Apply a compression bandage

How should you care for a minor cut or scrape?
a) Apply pressure to stop bleeding, clean the wound, and cover it with a sterile dressing
b) Apply heat to the wound to promote healing
c) Squeeze the wound to remove any debris
d) Apply an adhesive bandage without cleaning the wound
Answer: a) Apply pressure to stop bleeding, clean the wound, and cover it with a sterile dressing

What is the recommended treatment for a nosebleed?
a) Tilt the head back
b) Pinch the nostrils together and lean forward
c) Blow forcefully to clear the nose
d) Apply heat to the back of the neck
Answer: b) Pinch the nostrils together and lean forward

How should you care for a sprained wrist?
a) Apply heat to the affected area
b) Apply an ice pack to the affected area
c) Massage the injured area
d) Elevate the wrist
Answer: b) Apply an ice pack to the affected area

What is the recommended treatment for a minor burn?
a) Apply ice directly to the burn
b) Pop any blisters that form
c) Rinse the burn with cool water
d) Apply butter or oil to the burn
Answer: c) Rinse the burn with cool water

How should you care for a foreign object in the eye?
a) Rub the eye vigorously
b) Flush the eye with water
c) Use tweezers to remove the object
d) Cover the eye with a bandage
Answer: b) Flush the eye with water

What should you do if someone is experiencing an allergic reaction with difficulty breathing and swelling of the face and throat?
a) Administer an antihistamine
b) Apply a cold compress to the affected area
c) Perform CPR
d) Call for emergency medical help (911) and use an epinephrine auto-injector if available
Answer: d) Call for emergency medical help (911) and use an epinephrine auto-injector if available

How should you care for a foreign object in the ear?
a) Insert a cotton swab into the ear to remove the object
b) Tilt the head to the side and let gravity remove the object
c) Use tweezers to remove the object
d) Place a warm compress over the ear to soften the object
Answer: b) Tilt the head to the side and let gravity remove the object

What is the recommended treatment for a dislocated shoulder?
a) Apply heat to the affected area
b) Try to pop the shoulder back into place
c) Immobilize the arm and seek medical help
d) Stretch and exercise the shoulder
Answer: c) Immobilize the arm and seek medical help

How should you care for a nosebleed?
a) Tilt the head back
b) Pinch the nostrils together and lean forward
c) Blow forcefully to clear the nose
d) Apply heat to the back of the neck
Answer: b) Pinch the nostrils together and lean forward

What is the recommended treatment for a sprained ankle?
a) Apply heat to the affected area
b) Apply a compression bandage
c) Massage the injured area
d) Elevate the foot
Answer: b) Apply a compression bandage

How should you care for a minor cut or scrape?
a) Apply pressure to stop bleeding, clean the wound, and cover it with a sterile dressing
b) Apply heat to the wound to promote healing
c) Squeeze the wound to remove any debris
d) Apply an adhesive bandage without cleaning the wound
Answer: a) Apply pressure to stop bleeding, clean the wound, and cover it with a sterile dressing

What is the recommended treatment for a nosebleed?
a) Tilt the head back
b) Pinch the nostrils together and lean forward
c) Blow forcefully to clear the nose
d) Apply heat to the back of the neck
Answer: b) Pinch the nostrils together and lean forward

How should you care for a sprained wrist?
a) Apply heat to the affected area
b) Apply an ice pack to the affected area
c) Massage the injured area
d) Elevate the wrist
Answer: b) Apply an ice pack to the affected area

What is the recommended treatment for a minor burn?
a) Apply ice directly to the burn
b) Pop any blisters that form
c) Rinse the burn with cool water
d) Apply butter or oil to the burn
Answer: c) Rinse the burn with cool water

How should you care for a foreign object in the eye?
a) Rub the eye vigorously
b) Flush the eye with water
c) Use tweezers to remove the object
d) Cover the eye with a bandage
Answer: b) Flush the eye with water

What should you do if someone is experiencing an allergic reaction with difficulty breathing and swelling of the face and throat?
a) Administer an antihistamine
b) Apply a cold compress to the affected area
c) Perform CPR
d) Call for emergency medical help (911) and use an epinephrine auto-injector if available
Answer: d) Call for emergency medical help (911) and use an epinephrine auto-injector if available

How should you care for a foreign object in the ear?
a) Insert a cotton swab into the ear to remove the object
b) Tilt the head to the side and let gravity remove the object
c) Use tweezers to remove the object
d) Place a warm compress over the ear to soften the object
Answer: b) Tilt the head to the side and let gravity remove the object

What is the recommended treatment for a dislocated shoulder?
a) Apply heat to the affected area
b) Try to pop the shoulder back into place
c) Immobilize the arm and seek medical help
d) Stretch and exercise the shoulder
Answer: c) Immobilize the arm and seek medical help

How should you care for a nosebleed?
a) Tilt the head back
b) Pinch the nostrils together and lean forward
c) Blow forcefully to clear the nose
d) Apply heat to the back of the neck
Answer: b) Pinch the nostrils together and lean forward

What is the recommended treatment for a sprained ankle?
a) Apply heat to the affected area
b) Apply a compression bandage
c) Massage the injured area
d) Elevate the foot
Answer: b) Apply a compression bandage

How should you care for a minor cut or scrape?
a) Apply pressure to stop bleeding, clean the wound, and cover it with a sterile dressing
b) Apply heat to the wound to promote healing
c) Squeeze the wound to remove any debris
d) Apply an adhesive bandage without cleaning the wound
Answer: a) Apply pressure to stop bleeding, clean the wound, and cover it with a sterile dressing

What is the recommended treatment for a nosebleed?
a) Tilt the head back
b) Pinch the nostrils together and lean forward
c) Blow forcefully to clear the nose
d) Apply heat to the back of the neck
Answer: b) Pinch the nostrils together and lean forward

How should you care for a sprained wrist?
a) Apply heat to the affected area
b) Apply an ice pack to the affected area
c) Massage the injured area
d) Elevate the wrist
Answer: b) Apply an ice pack to the affected area

What is the recommended treatment for a minor burn?
a) Apply ice directly to the burn
b) Pop any blisters that form
c) Rinse the burn with cool water
d) Apply butter or oil to the burn
Answer: c) Rinse the burn with cool water

How should you care for a foreign object in the eye?
a) Rub the eye vigorously
b) Flush the eye with water
c) Use tweezers to remove the object
d) Cover the eye with a bandage
Answer: b) Flush the eye with water

What should you do if someone is experiencing an allergic reaction with difficulty breathing and swelling of the face and throat?
a) Administer an antihistamine
b) Apply a cold compress to the affected area
c) Perform CPR
d) Call for emergency medical help (911) and use an epinephrine auto-injector if available
Answer: d) Call for emergency medical help (911) and use an epinephrine auto-injector if available

How should you care for a foreign object in the ear?
a) Insert a cotton swab into the ear to remove the object
b) Tilt the head to the side and let gravity remove the object
c) Use tweezers to remove the object
d) Place a warm compress over the ear to soften the object
Answer: b) Tilt the head to the side and let gravity remove the object

What is the recommended treatment for a dislocated shoulder?
a) Apply heat to the affected area
b) Try to pop the shoulder back into place
c) Immobilize the arm and seek medical help
d) Stretch and exercise the shoulder
Answer: c) Immobilize the arm and seek medical help

How should you care for a nosebleed?
a) Tilt the head back
b) Pinch the nostrils together and lean forward
c) Blow forcefully to clear the nose
d) Apply heat to the back of the neck
Answer: b) Pinch the nostrils together and lean forward

What is the recommended treatment for a sprained ankle?
a) Apply heat to the affected area
b) Apply a compression bandage
c) Massage the injured area
d) Elevate the foot
Answer: b) Apply a compression bandage

How should you care for a minor cut or scrape?
a) Apply pressure to stop bleeding, clean the wound, and cover it with a sterile dressing
b) Apply heat to the wound to promote healing
c) Squeeze the wound to remove any debris
d) Apply an adhesive bandage without cleaning the wound
Answer: a) Apply pressure to stop bleeding, clean the wound, and cover it with a sterile dressing

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